Difference Between Atheist and Humanist

For centuries in the history of mankind, the subject of God’s presence or lack thereof, as well as its creationist function, has remained enigmatic & ambiguous. Theologians, philosophers, scientists, and thinkers have repeatedly advanced logic but also counter logic as important to the issue. With both the passage of time & human intellectual progress, the discussion was no longer limited to the limited view of embracing or rejecting God, but expanded to include various relevant terms & ideologies produced by philosophers and scientists and given support and funding.

Atheist vs Humanist

The main difference between Atheists and humanists is their beliefs. People who do not believe in the existence of God are referred to as atheists. People that believe mostly in freedom of inquiry are referred to as humanists. Humanism, unlike atheism, encompasses a larger variety of ideas such as ideals, purpose, and identity. Atheists deny the existence of God, whilst Humanists do not believe in God at all.

Atheist vs Humanist 2

Atheism has been the denial of God’s existence. It is opposed to the idea of theism. Atheism is the rejection of the deities’ presence in the world. Simply put, it means that there have been no gods in the world. The beginnings of atheism can be traced back to the 5th century. It’s the time of the ancient Greeks. The term “atheism” comes from the Greek word “Atheos” which means “without God.”

The term “humanist” refers to someone who believes in something. Humanists form Secular humanism which is naturalistic in philosophy. It’s indeed non-religious, but still, it contains a wealth of scientific understanding. The term secular refers to a world that is free of religion. The term “humanism” refers to an occurrence or system that occurs in response to human concerns or ideals. It is distinguished by human interests rather than religion.

Comparison Table Between Atheist and Humanist

Parameters of ComparisonAtheistHumanist
MeaningGod’s Absence is denoted by themThey believe in the freedom to inquire about their faith.
ThoughtIn the absence of God, atheism is the only option.There are various facets to humanism, such as concerns of values and meanings.
ExistenceIt was found in the 5th century.It was found around the 1930s.
BeliefHumanity, according to atheism, is the religion.Humanism encompasses a broader set of beliefs.
StatementsThe term “atheism” refers to a denial of belief.Humanist is a term that refers to a set of beliefs.

What is Atheist?

The origins of atheism philosophy can be found in ancient Indian & Greek texts from the fifth century BC. Even though Hinduism is indeed the world’s oldest and also most theistic religion, fundamental disagreements over Vedic texts arose during the era. With both the rise of the Charvaka atheistic & materialistic school of thought in the fifth century, the disagreement became institutionalized.

While the majority of Charvaka philosophy literature has been lost or destroyed, but that was a powerful anti-movement that also opposed Vedic theory but also the belief that the world was made by God so there is an afterlife or reincarnation. Atheist worldview is also propagated by the Ancient Samkhya & Mimansa schools of Hindu ideology, in addition to Charvaka.

Some other two ancient Indic religions, Buddhism & Jainism, have been founded on precepts opposition to Hinduism as well as Vedic ideology, such as intelligent design idol worship, God, and the afterlife, but these religions cannot be classified as explicitly atheist because the concepts of idolization, as well as reincarnation, have indeed been incorporated into both religions with some modifications.

Atheism has a long history in the west, dating back to its pre-Greek ideology. The sixth-century Milesian philosophers Anaximander, Thales, & Anaximenes were the first to dispute and deny the mythical explanation of the cosmos as well as human life, introducing the groundbreaking idea that nature might be interpreted as a self-contained system. According to some historians, the fifth centuries Greek philosopher Diagoras was the first self-proclaimed atheist in the west, strongly opposing & criticizing religion as well as mysticism.

What is Humanist?

In 1851, George Jacob Holyoake coined the phrase secularism to define a theory in which humans must be preoccupied with concerns that may be explained and resolved by living experience. Auguste Comte and his brainchild Theology of Humanity had a stronghold on him. Comte offered his philosophy as just a response to revolution France’s anti-religious feeling & societal malaise.

According to Comte, human civilization progresses through 3 stages: religious, metaphysical, & finally fully rational positivist society. Comte thought that the Religion of Mankind might work with the same cohesion as organized faiths.

Nevertheless, Comte’s vision of religion of humankind failed to gain traction and made only a small contribution to the nineteenth century’s development of secular groups. Pre-Socratic philosophers’ scriptures, which were unearthed & archived through renaissance researchers in Britain, contain historical references to the term humanist.

The term “humanist” was coined by followers of the moral movement in Britain in the early 1900s, but it had no anti-religious connotations. In Britain, however, it was the moral movement that disseminated the non-religious intellectual sense of humanist. The notion of humanist that persisted throughout the Freedom of thought movement was given prominence by the confluence of moral & rationalist movements.

Main Differences Between Atheist and Humanist

  1. There is a difference between in both the terms based on their beliefs. Atheism is the belief in the absence of God, while Humanism is the belief in the freedom of inquiry.
  2. Humanists have various characteristics such as issues in values & meanings, while Atheists have only one thought in the absence of God. This difference leads to different opinions of different societies.
  3. Humanist was founded in 1930, whereas Atheism dates back to the 5th century.
  4. Humanists have a broader range of ideas than atheists, humanists believe that being a human is a religion.
  5. Humanist has a statement closely related to belief, and Atheism is the declaration of unbelief.

Conclusion

Many people still have doubts about God’s presence. The role of creativity is a confusing aspect of the History of the earth. Despite the passage of millions of years, science has yet to provide an answer to the question of God’s presence. Many theories about the existence of deities have been proposed by intellectuals, scientists, & theologians, but none of them is universally accepted. The terms atheism & humanism are not interchangeable.

Atheism & Humanism have distinct characteristics and interpretations. Both have comparable doubts about God, yet Humanists have a different point of view. An atheist is someone who does not believe in the existence of gods. An atheist doesn’t need to be a Humanist, and they must be involved in examining freedom in the interests of human beings. Atheism & Humanism might differ in their points of view as well as their methods of implementation. A secular humanist is not an atheist, although an atheist could be secular humanism.

References

  1. https://academic.oup.com/socrel/article-abstract/68/4/407/1599669
  2. https://philpapers.org/rec/KURTHA

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