Difference Between AISI and ASTM (With Table)

Some various agencies and institutions aim at producing and maintaining the standards of products and services efficient and better quality products. These institutions and agencies set rules and regulations and discuss requisite changes and alterations of the domain. Two such main institutions are AISI and ASTM.

AISI vs ASTM

The main difference between AISI and ASTM is that AISI stands for American Iron and Steel Institute while ASTM stands for American Society for Testing and Materials. AISI has been established in the year 1855 while ASTM has been established in the late 1800s.

AISI is the oldest association and institution of trade. It aims at better and enhanced production and standards of pig iron. It operates mainly for the expansion of the iron and steel industry in specific regions like North America and the United States of America. The headquarters of AISI is in New York.

On the other hand, ASTM is an international institute that aims to test, classify and specify the products and materials. It covers a wide range of products, services, and energies. Being an international institution, it has an association with over 140 countries in the world. The headquarters of ASTM is in Pennsylvania.

Comparison Table Between AISI and ASTM

Parameters of ComparisonAISIASTM
Full form American Iron and Steel Institute American Society for Testing and Materials
AimTo create awareness among the mass about the fashion, changes, and basic information of the iron and steel industry To test, classify and specify the products and materials, generate awareness and guidance for both the ends – suppliers as well as consumers
PrincipleBuild foundation for the industries of iron and steel Creation of standards of any product production and development
Products Steel and ironWide range of products and services like non-ferrous metal products, fossil fuels, petroleum products, paints, electrical, nuclear, electronic, aromatics, rubber, textiles, plastic, and others
Headquarters New York West Conshohocken, Pennsylvania, northwest of Philadelphia

What is AISI?

AISI stands for American Iron and Steel Institute. It is the oldest association in trade. It is set in the United States of America. AISI had existed from the year 1855 and gained its presence from the year 1908. The principle of AISI is to build the foundation for the industries of iron and steel.

The main focus of this institution has always been on the production and standards of pig iron. American Iron and Steel Institute is a body where discussion and alterations related to the details of the iron and steel industry are done. Every information and investigation to the related field is recorded by the AISI.

AISI aims to create awareness among the mass about the fashion, changes, and basic information of the iron and steel industry. In general, it educates people. AISI was initially named as American Iron and Steel Association (AISA).

The American Iron and Steel Institute has played a great role in the revolution of the steel industry. Rules and regulations for the safer production of steel are taken care of. It works to make the sector of iron and steel, a profitable one. It even designates certain grades of carbon and alloy products. The headquarters of AISI is in New York.

What is ASTM?

ASTM stands for American Society for Testing and Materials. It is one of the oldest associations in trade. It was established in the late 1800s. It is an international institute that creates the standards of any product production and development.

American Society for Testing and Materials is involved in various kinds of substances and components like non-ferrous metal products, fossil fuels, petroleum products, paints, electrical, nuclear, electronic, aromatics, rubber, textiles, and plastic components. It also considers environment and energy like solar and geothermal energy. Various medical services and devices are also under ASTM.

The main job of ASTM is to produce methods for testing, classifications, and specifications of the products and materials, awareness, and guidance for both the ends – suppliers as well as consumers. The first society of the American Society for Testing and Materials was conducted by Charles B Dudley. All the sequences of operations are regulated by ASTM.

Some everyday components and objects like rods, fittings, flanges, pipes, plates, pressure vessels, and tubes are also included in ASTM. ASTM has produced over 12000 standards and has huge coverage of products. It has an association with over 30000 experts of the technical domain required. It groups materials that exhibit similar characteristics, system, quality, and service.

Main Differences Between AISI and ASTM

  1. AISI takes into account only steel and iron components while ASTM takes into account numerous substances and components.
  2. AISI only includes standards for products while ASTM includes standards for products and product services.
  3. AISI is an organization built for business and commerce while ASTM is voluntary membership.
  4. AISI standards operate in North America and the United States while ASTM standards are used by over 140 countries in the world.
  5. AISI aims to expand and grow the steel and iron industry of North America while ASTM focuses on regulation, development, and production of different products and materials.

Conclusion

AISI and ASTM are renowned and one of the oldest associations and institutions in the market. Both the institutions have different aims and goals but ultimately perform to create rules, regulations, awareness, and deliver the best quality products to the mass. The niche of AISI is iron and steel while that of ASTM covers a wide range of products and domains.

Both the institutions focus on market development and expansion. They develop standards of a product that will serve the community. They act as an interconnection between society, the environment, and the economy. The creation of the standards improves the lives of mankind.

Both the institutions extensively focus to educate the consumers about the standards and checkpoints of any product. Both the institutions were established around the same time but AISI caters to a specific audience while ASTM is an international institution with global recognition and functioning.

References

  1. https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/abs/10.1002/mawe.201800045
  2. https://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/s00170-015-7751-5
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