Difference Between Alsatian and German Shepherd

The dog is one of the most popular pet animals. But people often get confused about the kinds of dogs. The Alsatian and German shepherd are two different dogs in the same breed.

Alsatian vs German Shepherd

The main difference between Alsatian and German Shepherd is their names. They both are the same dogs but have different names due to their origins. The alsatian is also called a german shepherd, and the german shepherd is also called an alsatian. They have a different history of origin though. The german shepherd is originated between 1930-35, and the alsatian is originated between 1685-95.

Alsatian vs German Shepherd

The British had problems with the name, so they changed the name from German shepherd to Alsatian.
It is considered a great pet for a family. Alsatian is a highly intelligent dog.

It has double-coated skin with different colors. The German shepherd is weighed up to 40 kg. The litter size of a German shepherd is four to nine.

Comparison Table Between Alsatian and German Shepherd

Parameters of ComparisonAlsatianGerman Shepherd
DefinitionThe Alsatian is a large breed dog for police work.The German shepherd is a large-medium dog
SynonymsAlsatian is also called a large dog.German dog is also called German police dog
HistoryAlsatian originated in 1700.German shepherd originated from the 19th century.
Word originAlsatian word is originated between 1685-95.German shepherd word is originated between 1930-35.
AdvantagesPlayful and intelligent
Beautiful creatures
Easily kept away from poor performance.
Low maintenance
Easy training
Great watchdog ability
DisadvantagesStruggle with being left alone
Difficulty early period
Routine to exercise
Longline health issues

What is Alsatian?

Alsatian has many colors with double coated. The kernel club rejected the dogs in blues, livers, albinos, and white colors. It has different heights. It is slightly long and short varieties.

They are a fast learner and adopt the training as soon as possible. They have dominant obedient behavior. It needs a balanced approach for the training process.

Alsatian is used as a watchdog has a wolf-like look. It acts provincial which makes fear in people visiting home. It enjoys when the home has a large garden to play in.

What is German Shepherd?

The German shepherd is a large-medium-sized dog. It has a standard height of 60-65 cm for males and 55-60 for female dogs. The German Shepherd is called an Alsatian wolf dog until 1977.

It is also used in rescue, disability assistance. In American Kernal Club the German shepherd is the third most registered dog. In 2016, the German Shepherd are the seventh most registered dog

in Kernal Club in the united kingdom.

The long hair German shepherds are making as a standard dogs in American Kernal Club. The short-haired German Shepherd is marked in other varieties. It is used in many films and has media exposure.

Main Differences Between Alsatian and German Shepherd

  1. Alsatian word is originated between 1685-95, and the German shepherd word is originated between 1930-35.
  2. Alsatian has the advantage of being Playful and intelligent, and German Shepherd has the advantage of low maintenance.
Difference Between Alsatian and German Shepherd


The name confuses the people. German Shepherd is the most popular dog breed. You need to spend more time with these dogs for their better health performance.


  1. https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/abs/10.1046/j.1439-0264.1999.00202.x
  2. https://anatomypubs.onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/abs/10.1002/ar.a.10052
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