Difference Between German Rottweiler and American Rottweiler (With Table)

Rottweilers are regarded as one of the strongest and one of the most powerful dog breeds in the world. Apart from being kept as pets, Rottweilers are kept as rescue dogs, police companions, drovers, guards, and sometimes even for herding cattle because of their strong muscles and bone strength. Rottweilers are classified into German and American rottweilers, both having very few differences between them. 

Rottweilers are descended from Germany and have an average lifespan of around 8 to 10 years. They are usually of black or mahogany colors. Earlier they were mainly used for herding livestock and pulling carts while now they’re being used for many purposes because of their strength. 

German Rottweiler vs American Rottweiler

The difference between a German Rottweiler and an American Rottweiler is that the German Rottweiler is born in Germany while the American Rottweiler is born in America. They have slight differences in their body sizes, head shape, leg structure, tail docking.

Also, the breeding standards of the American Rottweilers are set by the American Kennel Club (AKC) while those of the German ones are set by the Allgemeiner Deutscher Rottweiler Club (ADRC).

Comparison Table Between German Rottweiler and American Rottweiler

Parameters of Comparison German Rottweiler American Rottweiler 
Born inGerman Rottweilers are born in Germany.American Rottweilers are born in America.
StrengthGerman Rottweilers have stronger bones and muscles and are thus stronger than American Rottweilers.American Rottweilers are less stronger than German ones.
TailGerman Rottweilers do not have docked tails.American Rottweilers generally have docked tails.
Leg sizeGerman Rottweilers have slightly smaller legs in comparison to American Rottweilers.The legs of American Rottweilers are slightly longer than that of the German Rottweilers.
Body SizeThe German Rottweiler is slightly larger than the American ones.The American Rottweiler is a bit smaller than the German Rottweiler.
Head The head of German Rottweiler is broader than American Rottweiler.The head of American Rottweiler is narrower than that of German ones.
Breeding standardsThe breeding standards of the German Rottweiler is set by the ADRK (Allgemeiner Deutscher Rottweiler Club).The breeding standard of American Rottweiler is set by the AKC (American Kennel Club)

What is a German Rottweiler?

A German Rottweiler is a dog species born in Germany and is bred according to the breeding standards set by the ADRK (Allgemeiner Deutscher Rottweiler Club). Earlier their tails were docked but now they are left with their natural tails. They are cool and calm by nature and make great pets and companions. They have good bite strength and have strong bones and muscles that are often used as guard dogs and search and rescue dogs.

The ADRK has strict guidelines and thus the dogs are of the best quality and are well built with hardly any deformity. They are well trained and are obedient and intelligent. They have broad heads and slightly smaller legs compared to the American Rottweilers.

German Rottweilers are more desirable than the American ones for security, search and rescue, and guarding purposes. They were earlier called butcher dogs. Their ancestors are believed to have been Roman cattle dogs.

What is American Rottweiler?

American Rottweilers are the dog breeds that are born in America with a characteristic docked tail. Tail docking is a method of snipping off the tails of these animals. The breeders do adhere to the AKC (American Kennel Club) breeding guidelines which are not as strict as the ADRK guidelines. If not bred well the dogs can come out to be aggressive, weak, and vague.

They are slightly smaller than the American Rottweilers and have slightly longer legs. They are less strong compared to the American ones. American Rottweilers are not as popular as the German ones in the markets but they are quite good to keep as pets and companions. 

The American Rottweiler batches are weaker, with lesser bone strength, and less massive than the dogs. There are no such distinctive characters present in American Rottweilers (except for the docked tail and slight difference in body structure) that make it different from the American ones. All Rottweilers have german bloodlines, the ones which were brought to America and bred according to the AKC were later recognized as the American Rottweilers.

Main Differences Between a German Rottweiler and an American Rottweiler

  1. German Rottweilers are slightly larger than American Rottweilers.
  2. The tails of American Rottweilers are docked while German Rottweilers do not have docked tails.
  3. German Rottweilers are born in Germany while American Rottweilers are born in America.
  4. American Rottweilers have longer legs than German Rottweilers.
  5. The breeding standards of the American Rottweilers are assigned by the AKC (American Kennel Club) while the German Rottweilers breed is taken care of by the ADRK (Allgemeiner Deutscher Rottweiler Club).
  6. German Rottweilers are stronger and have a broader head while American Rottweilers are less stronger compared to German ones and have narrower heads.

Conclusion

Rottweilers are widely used as guard dogs, search and rescue dogs, and police companions, though they are also kept as pets. They are strongly built and are one of the best dog breeds. Whether it is American Rottweiler or German Rottweiler, both are Rottweilers and are descended from Germany but the ones born in Germany are referred to as German Rottweilers while those born in America are known as American Rottweilers.

American Rottweilers are bred by the American Kennel Club which does not have as strict breeding standards as is in the case of the German Rottweilers which are bred by the Allgemeiner Deutscher Rottweiler Club. German Rottweilers are slightly larger with a broad head and docked tail, and are stronger while American Rottweilers are smaller with a narrower head and less strong than German ones. Also, they have natural tails.

Reference

https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/abs/10.1111/j.1439-0388.2008.00725.x

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