German Rottweiler vs American Rottweiler: Difference and Comparison

Rottweilers are regarded as one of the world’s strongest and most powerful dog breeds.

Apart from being kept as pets, Rottweilers are kept as rescue dogs, police companions, drovers, guards, and sometimes even for herding cattle because of their strong muscles and bone strength.

Rottweilers are classified into German and American rottweilers, with very few differences. 

Rottweilers are descended from Germany and have an average lifespan of around 8 to 10 years. They are of black or mahogany colors.

Earlier, they were mainly used for herding livestock and pulling carts, but now they’re used for many purposes because of their strength. 

Key Takeaways

  1. German Rottweilers have a blockier head and a more muscular build, while American Rottweilers have a longer snout and a leaner build.
  2. German Rottweilers tend to be more reserved and protective, while American Rottweilers tend to be more outgoing and friendly.
  3. German Rottweilers are bred for work and have a strong work ethic, while American Rottweilers are bred for show and companionship.

German Rottweiler vs American Rottweiler

The German Rottweileris recognized by the Allgemeiner Deutscher Rottweiler Klub (ADRK) in Germany. German Rottweilers are larger, with males weighing between 110 and 130 pounds and females weighing between 77 and 110 pounds. The American Rottweiler is recognized by the American Kennel Club (AKC) in the United States. They are  larger, with males weighing between 95 and 135 pounds and females weighing between 75 and 105 pounds. 

German Rottweiler vs American Rottweiler
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Also, the breeding standards of the American Rottweilers are set by the American Kennel Club (AKC). In contrast, German ones are set by the Allgemeiner Deutscher Rottweiler Club (ADRC).

Comparison Table

Parameters of Comparison German Rottweiler American Rottweiler 
Born inGerman Rottweilers are born in Germany.American Rottweilers are born in America.
StrengthGerman Rottweilers have stronger bones and muscles and are thus stronger than American Rottweilers.American Rottweilers are stronger than German ones.
TailGerman Rottweilers do not have docked tails.American Rottweilers have docked tails.
Leg sizeGerman Rottweilers have slightly smaller legs in comparison to American Rottweilers.The legs of American Rottweilers are slightly longer than that of German Rottweilers.
Body SizeThe German Rottweiler is slightly larger than the American one.The American Rottweiler is a bit smaller than the German Rottweiler.
Head The head of a German Rottweiler is broader than American Rottweiler.An American Rottweiler’s head is narrower than a German one’s.
Breeding standardsThe breeding standards of the German Rottweiler are set by the ADRK (Allgemeiner Deutscher Rottweiler Club).The breeding standard of the American Rottweiler is set by the AKC (American Kennel Club)

What is a German Rottweiler?

A German Rottweiler is a dog species born in Germany and is bred according to the breeding standards set by the ADRK (Allgemeiner Deutscher Rottweiler Club).

Earlier, their tails were docked, but now they are left with their natural tails. They are cool and calm by nature and make great pets and companions.

They have good bite strength and strong bones and muscles, used as guards and search and rescue dogs.

The ADRK has strict guidelines; thus, the dogs are of the best quality and well-built, with hardly any deformity. They are well-trained and are obedient, and intelligent.

They have broad heads and slightly smaller legs compared to the American Rottweilers.

German Rottweilers are more desirable than American ones for security, search and rescue, and guarding purposes. They were earlier called butcher dogs.

Their ancestors are believed to have been Roman cattle dogs.

german rottweiler

What is American Rottweiler?

American Rottweilers are dog breeds born in America with a characteristic docked tail. Tail docking is a method of snipping off the tails of these animals.

The breeders adhere to the AKC (American Kennel Club) breeding guidelines that are not as strict as the ADRK guidelines. The dogs can become aggressive, weak, and vague if not bred well.

They are slightly smaller than the American Rottweilers and have slightly longer legs. They are less strong compared to the American ones.

American Rottweilers are not as popular as the German ones in the markets, but they are quite good to keep as pets and companions. 

The American Rottweiler batches are weaker, have lesser bone strength, and are less massive than the dogs.

No such distinctive characters are present in American Rottweilers (except for the docked tail and slight difference in body structure) that make them different from the American ones.

All Rottweilers have German bloodlines; the ones brought to America and bred according to the AKC were later recognized as American Rottweilers.

american rottweiler

Main Differences Between a German Rottweiler and an American Rottweiler

  1. German Rottweilers are slightly larger than American Rottweilers.
  2. The tails of American Rottweilers are docked, while German Rottweilers do not have docked tails.
  3. German Rottweilers are born in Germany, while American Rottweilers are born in America.
  4. American Rottweilers have longer legs than German Rottweilers.
  5. The breeding standards of the American Rottweilers are assigned by the AKC (American Kennel Club). At the same time, the German Rottweilers breed is taken care of by the ADRK (Allgemeiner Deutscher Rottweiler Club).
  6. German Rottweilers are stronger and have broader heads, while American Rottweilers are less stronger than German ones and have narrower heads.
Difference Between German Rottweiler and American Rottweiler
References
  1. https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/abs/10.1111/j.1439-0388.2008.00725.x

Last Updated : 11 June, 2023

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