Difference Between American Roulette and European Roulette

Roulette is quite famous among gamblers as it is a gambling game. There are mainly several compartments on the revolving wheel in which a ball is dropped.

By visiting a casino or playing an online casino, it is obvious to come across two or more versions of roulette.

But the American roulette and European roulette are the two most common variants on roulette tables.

In the field of the casino, many new beginners find hard to differentiate between both of them, but there is no reason to get confused. Many distinctions can be clear with this article.

American Roulette vs European Roulette 

The main difference between the American roulette and the European roulette is the number of zeros or green pockets. The American roulette features two green numbers as 0 and 00. On the other hand, European roulette features only one green pocket as 0. The total numbers present on American roulette is 38, whereas 37 are the total number presents on European roulette.  

American Roulette vs European Roulette

American roulette is one of the two popular variations of the classic game of chance, namely roulette. It gained great popularity among the players of the United States.

The American roulette wheel has a total pockets of 38. In which 36 pockets are colored in red and black, whereas two pockets are colored in green, they are mainly marked with 0 and 00.  

European roulette is chosen by the majority of the players compared to other variations, whether it is based on online casinos or land-based.

The European roulette wheel has a total pocket of 37. In which, 36 pockets are colored in red and black, while one pocket is colored in green and marked as 0.  

Comparison Table Between American Roulette and European Roulette 

Parameters of ComparisonAmerican RouletteEuropean Roulette
House edge5.26%2.7%
Total numbers3837
Green numbers2 (0 and 00)1 (0)
Bet type (column)The winning probability is 31.6% The winning probability is 32.4%
Bet type (street) The winning probability is 7.9% The winning probability is 8.1%

What is American Roulette? 

Among the table games played in casinos, American roulette is one of them which gained the greatest popularity throughout the United States.

American roulette is also gaining popularity at the casino in the United Kingdom and Asia but it is avoided by European players.  

This wheel comprises 38 pockets that are identically arranged. Consequently, there is an equal probability of the ball settling in any division.

The 38 pockets include 1 to 36 numbers which are alternatively colored black and red, whereas both the double zero and single zero are in green.

Every player pursues the main objective to predict the numbered pocket the roulette ball could settle into. As a result, on a particular number bets are made by the player.

Then in the opposite direction roulette ball is spun, and the roulette wheel turns into one direction by the dealer. At last, the player gets paid whose chosen number gets the ball.  

The roulette table has a betting layout with two sections comprising individual numbers and group bets. Straight-up bet, Street bet, split bet, five bets, corner bet, and line bet are inside bets.

The outside bets are dozen bet, column bet, bet on odd/even, bet on the color, and bet on low/high. 

What is European Roulette? 

European roulette has huge popularity compared to other variations of roulette due to a greater chance to earn. In this roulette, there is merely 2.63% of the house advantage.

The roulette wheel is mainly divided into 37 in which 1 to 36 numbers are colored alternatively in black and red. It has only the single zero in green color.  

While playing in online-based European roulette, the betting process is quite easy. In this, the player has to place chips on the wanting bet then press the spin button.

But when the betting round is over, two options come across. The first is the “rebet button” or place another bet, while the second is to abandon the game or clear the “bets button”.  

The advantage of the “en prison” rule is taken when an even-money outside bet is placed like even/odd, red/black, high/low, and 0 is the winning number.

Now, there are two probabilities whether the entire bet is imprisoned or 50% is received by a player of bet.  

In case, in next wheel spin winner is imprisoned bet then it will be released, also without any earning player will recover it.

If the next wheel ball lands on the zero, now it is a matter of debate. It depends on the starting of the roulette game location. 

Main Differences Between American Roulette and European Roulette 

  1. Call bets or announcement bets are pre-arranged bets end covers only the roulette wheel’s specific sections. These bets are not available in American roulette but can be seen in European roulette.  
  2. Some casinos offer the optional rule, namely the en prison Rule. This rule is never applied to American roulette, whereas the en prison rule is only applied to European roulette. 
  3. The five-number bet is a bet which consists of the number like 1, 2, 3, 0, and 00. So, it is clear by the statement itself that it is placed to American roulette but not on the European table.  
  4. When it comes to winning bets, American roulette has 47.37% where is European roulette has 48.65%. And this is applied to every bet and winning chances in each instance are slightly diminished.  
  5. In terms of pros, American roulette is easy if gamblers understand the odds of winning, which is changed by double zero. On the other hand, European roulette rules make an extra twist in gameplay, with the gambler having an extra agency on outcomes.
Difference Between American Roulette and European Roulette


It can be concluded that both American roulette and European roulette are two of the roulettes which are the most popular versions.

These both roulettes sound similar, but they are very different games. Most of the new casinos offer both variations of live roulette as American and European.  

The total number of American roulettes are 38 in which red and black number are in 18, while green numbers are in two.

On the flip side, the total number of European roulettes are 37 in which red and black number are in 18, whereas green numbers are in one.

So, the probability of success is less than American roulette compared to European roulette, in which chances are more. The reason is due to lower house edge as 2.7% in European roulette.  


  1. https://search.proquest.com/openview/0f18a0b33a4d5ca4cbb65879daab86c8/1?pq-origsite=gscholar&cbl=1819046
  2. https://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/BF01915204
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