Tequila came into existence in the 16th century. It is a fermented beverage from the plant agave pinas. The place where Tequila was made for the first time is now known as the city of Tequila, Mexico. It was first produced on a large scale by Don Pedro Sanchez de Tagle in Jalisco.
This indigenous drink was first exported to the United States by Don Cenobio Sauza, who founded the Sauza Tequila. Then the Mexican Government declared Tequila as its intellectual property in the year 1974. Now there are over 2000 brands worldwide producing Tequila. The original Tequila from the agave plant was ordered never to be flavored, unlike the other flavored tequilas available.
Anejo vs Reposado
The main difference between Anejo and Reposado is that Anejo is aged for a longer time than Reposado. Anejo is aged for around one year to three years, whereas Reposado is aged for only two months to one year.
Anejo, in the literal sense, means aged or vintage. In 2006 the ultra aged tequila was introduced. Anejo is usually aged for around one year to three years. It is kept in small barrels, which are from whiskey or bourbon distilleries. It is darker in color.
On the other hand, Reposado means rested. This type of Tequila is usually aged for around two months to a year. It is stored in barrels of oak preferred from Canada and France. These are also stored in barrels having a capacity of twenty thousand liters.
Comparison Table Between Anejo and Reposado (in Tabular Form)
|Parameters of Comparison||Anejo||Reposado|
|Meaning||The word Anejo stands for vintage/old in Spanish.||The word Reposado stands for rested in Spanish.|
|Color||It is brownish in color.||It is slightly yellow in color in comparison to Anejo.|
|Age||The minimum time that Anejo is aged in one year and the maximum is three years.||The minimum time that Reposado is aged in two months, and the maximum is one year.|
|Storage||It is usually kept in small barrels. The maximum quantity of these barrels is 600 liters.||Reposado can be kept in all barrel sizes. These are even kept in barrels having a capacity of 20,000 liters.|
|Taste||Anejo has a more complex flavor. This is because it is aged for a longer duration.||Reposado has sort of an oak flavor.|
What is Anejo?
Anejo is the Spanish word for old or vintage. As its name, it is aged for a long time. The process of making Tequila is a lengthy one. Tequila is made from the agave plant. First, the agave pina is shredded so that the sugar can be extracted from the fibers.
At the end of the extraction process, a solution of water and extracted agave sugar is obtained. Then this solution is cooked so that it can be converted into fermentable sugars. This is done through the process of hydrolysis. This process takes around six hours and converts the complex sugar known as inulin to fructose and glucose.
After this, anaerobic fermentation takes place in stainless steel tanks. It also includes a mix of nutrients and yeast. This is followed by the process of distillation where water is removed from the fermented agave juice. In the second round, Tequila is obtained.
This liquid is filtered to make sure there is no particulate matter. Now, this is known as the silver Tequila, which has the most natural flavors and is clear, i.e., it has no color. Anejo, on the other hand, is brown in color. This is because after Tequila is obtained, it undergoes a process of aging. Anejo is kept for one year to three years for aging, and this gives Anejo a very complex flavor.
What is Reposado?
Reposado is the Spanish word for rested. Unlike Anejo, it is kept for aging for a smaller duration, preferably from about two months to one year. For the process of aging, the Tequila is matured by storing it in barrels for some time.
The process of aging allows Tequila to absorb the complex constituents of wood, which give Tequila its smell and taste. The reaction of Tequila with the wooden barrels also causes new compounds to be formed and oxidation to take place.
For Reposado, Tequila is stored in oak casks or barrels. There is no limit on the storage capacity of Reposado, unlike Anejo that should only be stored in barrels having a maximum capacity of six hundred liters. So, it is usually stored in barrels of around 20,000 liters capacity. Since it is stored in oak barrels, it has a mild flavor of oak, and since it is kept for a shorter duration in aging, its color is slightly yellowish.
Main Differences Between Anejo and Reposado
- Anejo stands for aged or vintage. In contrast, Reposado means rested.
- Anejo is aged for around one year to three years, whereas Reposado is aged for only two months to one year.
- Anejo is stored in smaller barrels for aging. These have a capacity of around six hundred liters. On the other hand, Reposado is stored in barrels of all sizes, even as large as twenty thousand liters.
- Anejo is dark brown in color as compared to Reposado. The later has a yellowish color to it.
- Anejo has a complex taste in comparison to Reposado as it is aged for a longer time. On the other hand, Reposado has a mellow taste of oak.
There are two types of Tequila. One that has a hundred percent agave plant extract. Other that has added flavors. According to the regulations, the agave extract in the later should not be less than fifty-one percent. Under these categories, this drink is further divided into five types.
Blanco tequila is clear and also known as silver Tequila. It is not aged and is directly packed after being distilled. It is also the purest form of Tequila with the actual flavors of agave, as it is not aged.
Joven stands for young in Spanish. Joven tequila is known as the gold Tequila. This name is given to it because of its color, which it gets because of the flavoring agents.
Reposado tequila is aged in oak barrels, which is regulated by the Mexican Government. It is aged for a minimum of two months and a maximum of one year. It is also gold in color. Anejo tequila is aged for around one year to three years. The Mexican Government restricted that Anejo should only be kept in quantities of around 600 liters. It has another variation called the Extra Anejo tequila, which is aged for the most prolonged duration than all the other types.