Difference Between Baby Back Ribs and St. Louis Ribs (With Table)

When it comes to barbeque meant pork ribs are the best shot. Pork meat is known for its beef-like texture yet tenderness due to the high percentage of fat in the body. Different portions of the animal are sold commercially with different names. Each of these pieces has its speciality and recipes that are best suited to it.

Baby Back Ribs vs St. Louis Ribs

The difference between Baby Back Ribs and St. Louis Ribs is that they are different portions of the ribcage of a pig. Owing to its different locations, the amount of meat, fat, and bones in them differ, giving them their distinctive taste and flavour and also different cooking times.

Baby Back Ribs refer to the upper ribs of a pig that is consumed cooked after removing cartilages and bones. The upper ribs of a pig have meat in between them with a lower fat percentage that is perfect for glazed and barbeque recipes for a smaller crowd of people.

St. Louis Ribs refer to the lower ribs of a pig that is consumed cooked after removing cartilages and bones. These ribs have meat in between them with a higher fat percentage that is perfect for gravies and pickles. This piece of pork is known for its tenderness.

Comparison Table Between Baby Back Ribs and St. Louis Ribs

Parameters of ComparisonBaby Back RibsSt. Louis Ribs
Obtained FromBaby Back Ribs are obtained from the portion where the ribs meet the spine after the insides are removed.St. Louis Ribs refer to the portion of ribs near the belly after the insides are removed.
Amount of MeatComing from the back, it has more meat in between the bonesIt has less meat in between the bones than the Baby Back Ribs.
Fat percentageIt has a lower fat percentage than the St. Louis Ribs.It has a higher fat percentage than the Baby Back Ribs.
ShapeUsually, this portion is curved and cut along the curves of the ribs.It is a flat piece of ribs and hence is cut into rectangular pieces.
Cooking TimeIt cooks faster than the St. Louis Ribs.It takes longer to cook this piece of meat than the Baby Back Ribs.

What is Baby Back Ribs?

In the pork industry, Baby Back Ribs are the perfect dish for barbeques and roasts for a crowd. This piece of meat is obtained from the rib cage of the pig from the portion where the ribs meet the spine. However, only the upper ribs are used. As the upper ribs of a pig are generally smaller than the rest of the ribs, these ribs are called “baby” ribs, from where the name Baby Back Ribs is derived.

There is meat between each rib after the cartilages and spine is removed, and this portion of the body contains less fat. This gives the meat a chewy yet juicy texture ideal for preparing dishes. As the rib cage is naturally curved, this piece of meat is a small curved piece that is easy to handle. Typically there are about eight to thirteen rib bones in each Baby Back cutting.

However, this is one the costliest meat piece that is easy to cook and requires less time than its other counterparts. Some of the ideal dishes that can be prepared with Baby Back Ribs are barbeque ribs, roast ribs, basted ribs, grilled ribs, glazed ribs with sauce, browned ribs with chutney, rib-sticks with dips and so on.

What is St. Louis Ribs?

In the pork industry, St Louis is the king of ribs that can be savoured in a variety of dishes known for their tenderness. This piece of meat is obtained from the spare or lower rib cage of the pig from the area near the belly after removing the breastbone and cartilages.

There is less meat between the rib, but the meat present has a lot of fat in it if that gives it the characteristic tenderness. Thus this meat is not chewy rather melts in the mouth. However, apart from bones, the amount of meat is too small to feed a crowd. This portion of the ribs is naturally flat, and thus the piece is cut in an approximately rectangular piece.

It is a cheaper alternative for frequent barbeques and takes some time to be cooked thoroughly. Similarly to the Baby Back Ribs, St. Louis can also be used to make dishes such as barbeques, roast, glazes, fries, and other recipes such as gravies that are preferred as the meat give fat to the concussion, baked ribs, glazed ribs and so on. Baking of these ribs is preferred as they sit flatter on the oven giving uniform cooking.

Main Differences Between Baby Back Ribs and St. Louis Ribs

  1. Baby Back Ribs refer to the upper ribs. They are also called loin meat, while St Louis Ribs refer to the lower spare or floating ribs of the pig.
  2. Baby Back Ribs can be used in recipes to feed a crowd as the meat present is more, but St Louis ribs have less meat in them and thus is more of a personal preference.
  3. Typically Baby Back Ribs weigh about one and a half to two pounds, whereas the St. Louis Ribs weigh slighter more to about two and a half to three pounds.
  4. The Baby Back Ribs are curved in shape, while the St. Louis ribs are flat.
  5. Baby Back Ribs are costlier than the St Louis Ribs.
  6. Baby Back Ribs have leaner meat in them, while St. Louis Ribs have tender fat-enriched meat in between the bones.

Conclusion

Pork ribs are an excellent source of proteins. Typically every 3 oz. of these ribs have 20 grams of proteins. Various cuts of the project ribs are found commercially, like the country style ribs, spare ribs, side ribs, Baby Back Ribs, or the St. Louis Ribs. Each of them come from a different site of the body of the pork meat.

Pork meat is known to be versatile meat that can be cooked in a variety of methods. It is also very healthy as apart from protein, it also supplies the body with minerals like selenium, phosphorus etc. and vitamins like niacin, thiamine, B12 etc. It also contains iron and zinc and, compared to other red meat, is more tender to chew due to its fat content.

References

  1. https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0309174005000379
  2. https://bethanyblues.com/wp-content/uploads/2020/07/Bethany-Blues-Carryout-Menu-2020.pdf
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