BMP vs JPG: Difference and Comparison

As there is a lot of confusion between similar terms and items, people get confused and consider both terms the same.

There is a lot of difference between the terms BMP and JPG, but many people don’t know that and consider both terms the same. So let me clear it both BMP and JPG are very different from each other. 

Key Takeaways

  1. BMP (Bitmap) is an uncompressed image file format that maintains high image quality but results in larger file sizes, making it suitable for simple graphics or images without complex details.
  2. JPG (Joint Photographic Experts Group) is a compressed image file format that reduces file size through lossy compression, making it suitable for photographs or images with a wide range of colors and details.
  3. The primary distinctions between BMP and JPG formats are their compression methods, image quality, and file sizes. BMP offers uncompressed, high-quality images at the cost of larger files, and JPG provides smaller file sizes with some loss in quality.

BMP vs. JPG

BMP is an uncompressed original image format offering high-quality images with transparency. JPG is a format which compresses the image and loses some of its data offering a little low quality not identifiable by human eye.

BMP vs JPG

The BMP has an image file in a bitmap format. It is independent of bitmap and bitmap file format. It is a format that stores digital bitmap image files.

This format also stores color data with each image pixel without any compression. It gives high-quality graphics and produces an image in a large size by storing image information. 

The word JPG stands for joint photographic group. This is a raster format that comes in use for storing the digital image.

This file format has a lower-quality image and loads faster on a PC. It is a web-friendly file that is smaller.


 

Comparison Table

Parameter of ComparisonBMPJPG
MeaningBMP has the image in the bitmap format. It is a format that stores the digital bitmap image file.JPG stands for joint photographic group. It is a format that stores the graphic image in a JPEG format.
FormatBMP stores the images in the bitmap format.JPG stores the images in the JPEG format.
ResolutionBMP images have a higher resolution as compared to JPG.JPG images have a lower resolution as compared to BMP.
SizeBMP image file format has a larger size as compared to JPG.JPG image file format is smaller in size as compared to BMP.
DownloadBMP format images do not download easily. This format is not web-friendly.JPG format images are easily downloadable. This format is web-friendly.
QualityBMP images have higher quality as compared to the JPG file imagesThis format images have lower quality as compared to BMP file images.

 

What is BMP?

BMP is a short form of bitmap. And we can also pronounce it as a bump, BMP, or bitmap image. This format uses a raster graphic format for saving picture files.

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We can even recognize this format in Macs and Pcs, but it first came into play on window platforms.

This format stores color data for every image, excluding any compression. As the method of storing the image, information produces a large file size and gives a high-quality image graphic.

GIF and JPEG formats are also bitmaps, but they store image compression algorithms that decrease the image’s file size.

Because of this reason, GIF and JPEG come in use for the web, and BMP format is used for printing images.

The format BMP extension represents the Bitmap image file. This format has raster graphic data, free of the screen display. It means that the BMP file can be seen without a graphic adapter.

These format images are compressed or uncompressed, besides the lossless compression method. BMP files can save two-dimensional digital pictures with color and monochrome.

This format also supports color depth, profile, alpha channel, and optional data compression. It is used in a window platform and is fully compatible with PaintShop Pro.

 

What is JPG?

The word JPG stands for joint photographic group. It is in a raster format used on the web. It is a web-friendly file as the size of the file is small.

One of JPEG’s disadvantages is that it decreases the image’s quality by removing the digital information through compression so that the image size can be small.

It becomes a disadvantage while using JPG for high-quality print as the image will not be sharpened, and the kit will be less defined.

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This format cannot have a transparent background and a rectangular or square shape in the background.

 This format mainly used compressed image format for digital pictures. JPG is one of the most common formats used on the internet in different operating systems and digital cameras.

If the ratio comparison is 10:1 in JPG images, this format will not lose any details of the pictures. It affects smaller file sizes and also stores images very easily.

JPG images can be adjustable so the system can save image data with maximum and minimum compression per the taste. These format images are great for realistic painting, photographs, and PaintShop Pro.

jpg

Main Differences Between BMP and JPG

  1. Both BMP and JPG are format store digital image format styles.
  2. BMP stores the images in the Bitmap format. On the other hand, JPG stores the images in the JPEG format.
  3. BMP format has a higher resolution. On the other hand, JPG images do not have a higher resolution.
  4. BMP format gives a higher quality of images. On the other hand, the JPG format does not provide a higher image quality than BMP.
  5. BMP format gives larger sizes of images. On the other hand, JPG images do not provide a larger size of images.
  6. BMP format is used for printing images. On the other JPG format is used for web display.
Difference Between BMP and JPG

References
  1. https://iopscience.iop.org/article/10.1088/1757-899X/871/1/012070/meta
  2. https://ejournal3.undip.ac.id/index.php/joint/article/view/333

Last Updated : 19 November, 2023

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22 thoughts on “BMP vs JPG: Difference and Comparison”

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