Difference Between Cannabis and Alcohol

Today Alcholol and many types of chemical substances are taken by everyone in the world. There are different types of drugs taken that are extracted from various types of plants as well as made in the laboratories.

Alcohol and Cannabis are one of them that are thought to be the same, but they have very different nature and works very differently.

Cannabis vs Alcohol

The main difference between Cannabis and Alcohol is that they both are found in different forms and work very differently. Cannabis is extracted from the plant called cannabic, whereas Alcohol is synthetically made in the laboratories. Cannabis can have psychoactive effects and contains cannabinoid chemicals which also have beneficial effects. Alcohol is, on the other hand, used in many industrial applications.

Cannabis and Alcohol

A drug extracted from Cannabis plants and often referred to as Marijuana is known as Cannabis.

They are chemical substances that are made from the harvested and dried flowers of the Cannabis plants. Their side effects include anxiety, paranoia, a decrease in blood pressure, an increase in heart rate, etc.

Alcohol often used in alcoholic beverages are chemical substances present in drinks and cause the feeling of relaxation or drowsiness.

They have formed artificially in the labs and also made organically using fermentation of the fruits such as grapes. They have very severe effects when taken in high doses. Different types of Alcohol have different boiling points.

Comparison Table Between Cannabis and Alcohol

Parameters of ComparisonCannabisAlcohol
DefinitionA chemical substance extracted from the leaves and bud of the plant is known as cannabis.A chemical substance that has an alkyl group that is attached to at least one hydroxyl group.
FormationThe Cannabis plants are the source of the cannabis drug which is grown outdoors or indoors.They are made both naturally and through artificial means in the laboratory. They are made by different reduction reactions and fermentation reactions.
PropertiesThe two main chemicals found in cannabis are THC (tetrahydrocannabinol) and CBD (cannabidiol).They are liquids having a smell that can be like fruit, no color, and have a greater boiling point than alkane molecules.
Effects on the BrainCause the brain to become paranoid or to hallucinate.It influences the mood and causes feelings like relaxation and pressure.
UsesHas useful antispasmodic properties, helps in reducing seizure activity in children, and disorders.They are used in various applications such as part of antifreeze substances, industry applications, in the formation of fuels, etc.

What is Cannabis?

Cannabis is a Psychoactive drug derived from the cannabis plant and is also known as Marijuana, weed, or pot. They are used both for drugs as well as recreational purposes and in various medicines.

The flowers from the cannabis plants are harvested and dried, and then it is used in drugs. Like Alcohol, They are also known for their calming and relaxing effects.

Formed up from more than 120 components called Cannabinoids, they are widely used in testing various health disorders.

The short-term effects of Cannabis are :

  • Giddiness
  • Creativity and focus
  • Increase in appetite
  • Relaxation

Apart from the effects, they also have side effects such as nausea, lethargy, anxiety, issues with eh coordination, etc.

What is Alcohol?

Alcohol, also known as ethanol or ethyl alcohol, is an organic compound containing at least one hydroxyl functional group and is bonded to a carbon atom.

Used as a drug as well as alcoholic drinks such as wine and beer and causes drunkenness. They are known as psychoactive and toxic substances and have now become very common as a part of alcoholic beverages taken by a large population.

They are meant to depress the central nervous system as they contain chemical substances.

High doses of it may have more effects, such as respiratory depression, drowsiness, and can go severe as coma or death. At lower doses, they include the feeling of talkativeness, euphoria and also act as a stimulant.

They have different effects for every person as one can feel relaxed while someone else can feel restless.

There are also long-term health risks such as Liver disease, Pancreatitis, Heart damage, and that all are conclusions when the Alcohol is consumed over a long period of time.

Main Differences Between Cannabis and Alcohol

  1. Cannabis is the type of drug extracted from the cannabis plants, whereas Alcohol is a chemical substance that is made from one or more hydroxyl groups attached to the alkyl group.
  2. The source of Cannabis is the genus of plants known as the Cannabis plant, and the drug is extracted from there, whereas Alcohol is made synthetically by adding carbonyl group in the hydrogen atoms. Also, they are made from the fermentation reactions of organisms.
  3. Cannabis can cause paranoia and hallucinations because of the presence of chemical substances that whereas Alcohol causes relaxation, short-term memory loss, euphoric feelings.
  4. Cannabis has medicinal properties and is used to reduce seizure activities and disorders, whereas Alcohol is used in various industrial applications and used as alcoholic beverages etc.
  5. The two main chemicals found in Cannabis are THC (tetrahydrocannabinol) and CBD (cannabidiol), whereas Alcohols are used in various applications such as part of antifreeze substances, industry applications, in the formation of fuels, etc.
Difference Between Cannabis and Alcohol


There are many debates there to see which one is better or which one is worse for us.

There are no easy answers because both Alcohol and Cannabis have some bad effects, although they are used as medicinal applications also.

People have different experiences, and thus they can have different perceptions about both of them. But there are many things that some people only about their effects and long-term uses.

Alcohol and Cannabis are both used in various applications. Alcohol is used as a beverage in social gatherings. They have very different effects on the brain as well as there are many properties that are different.


  1. https://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/s40429-017-0149-8
  2. https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0166432816307823
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