Difference Between Casting Rod and Spinning Rod (With Table)

A fishing rod is a device that is used in sport fishing. The basic components of a fishing rod consisting of a long pole with guides that help hold the line in position. The line is usually stored on a reel, which the angler spins to pick up and release the line when casting. 

A hook holds the lure or baits at the loose end of the line, and the bobbers and sinkers help keep the bait at the correct water level. Some of the examples of bait include live worms, insects, or artificial lures.

Casting Rod vs Spinning Rod

The difference between a casting rod and a spinning rod is that both of them use different technique for putting up the bait for the fish. A casting rod simply throws the bait in the water body, while a spinning rod uses a specific angling technique for catching the fish.

A casting rod is a type of fishing rod used to catch fishes engaging the usage of baits or lures. It has casting reels, also known as bait caster, or level wind, or conventional reels. Casting is the technique where you throw the bait or the lure using a fishing line into the water body, be it a lake, reservoir, or any other water body, to catch the fish.

The spinning rod is the type of fishing rod used to catch fishes by using the angling technique. The rod uses an angling technique where bait or the lure is spinning to attract the fist to bait and catch it. Spin fishing is usually done in both marine and freshwater bodies. Spin fishing is of two types: fly fishing and bait cast fishing.

Comparison Table Between Casting Rod and Spinning Rod

Parameters of ComparisonCasting RodSpinning Rod
MeaningType of fishing rod used to throw bait for fishes.Type of fishing rod using specific angling to throw bait for the fish.
Reel typeIt has a baitcasting reel that looks as if a small winch is mounted on the top of the rod.It has an under-slung spinning reel having an open face and a revolving bail.
Reel seat and guidesSmaller in size when compared to a spinning rod.Larger in size than that of a casting rod.
PerformanceLesser performance
Can adjust heavy baits/lures.
Better performance
Holds lightweight bait and live baits.
UsageUsed for fishing for beginners and heavy cover.
Used for technical applications such as sight fishing.
Used for serious fishing, still fishing, trolling, and live bait fishing for panfish, catfish, and walleye.  
Learning experienceIt is hard to learn.It is easy to learn.

 What is Casting Rod? 

A baitcasting rig has laser accuracy and has winch-like power in cases of using fishing techniques that are popular. The popular fishing baits used in the case of casting rods are crankbaits and jigs. 

The casting rod has precise targeting owing to its smooth operation and low-profile mounting. The operation of the baitcasting reel allows anglers to achieve good accuracy and control at casting.

Casting rods have guide spacing which is well tested and prevents the rubbing of line on the blank of the rod. In the case of casting rods, the reels rest on the top of the rod while fishing. Casting rods have a relatively small size of guides.  

In the case of fighting a fish with a casting rod, the rod usually bends while the guides face upwards. This makes the force of fish pushing the line down on the rod blank and the eyelets. This helps prevents the eyelets of the rods from wearing off due to the force of the fish. Power fishing, trolling, and surface casting uses long casting rods having straight handles.

What is Spinning Rod?

Spinning rods help cast very light lures due to the operating system of the reels. The spool orientation is such that the line can flow off the spool with much ease and without any resistance. In big loops, the spool flows off very easily.

Fishermans can also use topwater baits in spinning rods as the spinning gear favours it. Spinning gears also allow the use of light soft plastic rigs, buzz baits, and surface plugs. It is also used in the case of bait fishing as the spinning rod enables the bait to be easily thrown in water. Spinning rods do not get tangled easily, so used in the case of fishing for beginners.

In the case of fighting a fish with a spinning rod, the line force against the eyelet pushes away from the rod blank. This leads to the pulling of eyelets of the rod because of the force of the fish. Different varieties of spinning rods are used for different types of fishing or different types of fishes depending upon the length, weight of the bait, depth of the fishing area, and the guides.

Main Differences Between Casting Rod and Spinning Rod

  1. The casting rod has more accuracy at casting, while the spinning rod helps in casting lighter lures and makes the casts longer.
  2. Casting rod wins the race of power when compared to spinning rods.
  3. A casting rod is used when the bait is heavy in baitcasting gear, while the spinning rod is used when the bait/lure has less weight or is lighter in weight.
  4. Casting rods require less guide while the spinning rod requires a larger no of guides as compared to casting rods.
  5. In the case of casting rods, the reel is mounted on the top of the fishing rod while fishing, and in the case of the spinning rod, the reel is mounted below the rod while fishing. 
  6. Casting rods can make use of both bait cast and spin-cast reels, while spinning rods can only make use of spin-cast reels.
  7. The spinning rod does not have a trigger attached to the base of the fishing rod, while a casting rod has.

Conclusion

People when choosing a fishing rod entails more than just considering the efficiency and price of the fishing rod. People, especially fishermen who understand the distinctions between a spinning rod and a casting rod, would have an easier time while selecting the type of fishing rod based on their needs. They are more likely to avoid any mix-ups between the reels and the rods.

Both casting rods and spinning rods are good for fishing depending on the skill of the person and the type of fishing. While casting rods are good for beginners, the spinning rods are good for people who are skilled in using the fishing rods as the latter one requires proper angling technique while the first one uses simply throwing of bait in the water.

References

  1. https://asmedigitalcollection.asme.org/IMECE/proceedings-abstract/IMECE2003/675/301840
  2. https://books.google.co.in/books?hl=en&lr=&id=X-3PBQAAQBAJ&oi=fnd&pg=PP1&dq=casting+rods+fishing&ots=qoRR-BBixR&sig=qNRHXXjtEgzklLdYzrbbQOrvWuM&redir_esc=y#v=onepage&q=casting%20rods%20fishing&f=false

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