Jeeps are the royalty of the vehicles. When the topic of utility vehicles comes up, two of the known names that are remembered are the Civilian Jeep (CJ) and Yuppie Jeep (YJ) models.
Occurring one after the other on the calendar, these two are as different as they are similar.
- CJ stood for Civilian Jeep and was produced by Willys-Overland Motors for civilian use.
- YJ stands for Wrangler YJ, a version of the Jeep Wrangler produced by Chrysler under the Jeep brand.
- CJ is known for its classic design and off-road capabilities, while YJ is known for its improved comfort and convenience.
CJ vs YJ
CJ and YJ are Jeep model designations, with the CJ representing the classic civilian jeep produced from 1944 to 1986, and the YJ, introduced in 1987, marking the first Wrangler model. The YJ boasts various upgrades, such as a wider wheelbase, improved suspension, and a more comfortable interior, setting it apart from the CJ.
A Civilian Jeep or CJ was first seen in the year 1945. The first model was called the CJ-1. At that time, it was advertised as a vehicle suitable for construction workers and farmers.
It had an external fuel cap, a side-mounted spare tire, large circular headlights, and a tailgate.
A Yuppie Jeep or a YJ was first seen in the year 1987. It is the result of the evolution of the CJ-7 and is distinguishable by its square headlights. It is often referred to as a Jeep Wrangler.
The YJ also offered better stability and supported a lower centre of gravity.
|Parameters of Comparison||CJ||YJ|
|Production time||It was produced between 1945-1986.||It was produced between 1987-1996.|
|Leaf spring suspension||The spring of the CJ is narrower.||The YJ has wider springs than the CJ.|
|Headlights||It has circular headlights. The CJ-10 versions might be modified.||Its distinct feature is square headlights.|
|Wheelbase||It has a shorter wheelbase than the YJ.||It has a long wheelbase.|
|Ground clearance||It has more ground clearance.||The YJ does not have the best ground clearance.|
What is CJ?
A Civilian Jeep or CJ was designed based on the military jeep models from World War II. The first design seen was in the year of 1945. Willys-Overland first manufactured the CJ.
Other manufacturers include Willys Motors, Kaiser-Jeep, and American Motors Company.
The CJ has 14 versions ranging from CJ-1 to CJ-10A. It is an open-bodied vehicle. It also has a tapering nose design and circular headlights.
The CJ has a part-time four-wheel drive, rigid live axles, and leaf springs on the front and rear end, and can be driven without doors.
The CJ also had a two-wheel-drive variant called the DJ. CJ is also called one of the most successful utility vehicles ever made. The first model of a CJ that is the CJ-1, was modified by using the regular military MB as inspiration.
It had a tailgate, a canvas top to cover the car’s roof, lower gearing, and a drawbar.
The CJ-10 was more like a pick-up truck, equipped to handle a weight of up to 3000 kgs, and gave three different choices of variations of engines.
The CJ-10A was mostly an aircraft-pulling vehicle. But, the production of the CJ was stopped in the year 1986.
What is YJ?
The Jeep Wrangler, often called the Yuppie Jeep or YJ, is the rebranding of a CJ vehicle. It is one of the toughest and most rugged jeeps with greater stability and control.
Its square headlights provide a very distinguishable feature from the CJ. The YJ sports a low centre of gravity and heavy roller protection on the rear end and side.
Since it offers more stability, the passenger’s body tends to roll less during turns. The YJ gives you a choice between two engines; a 4.2-litre inline-6 powerplant and a 2.5-litre 4-cylinder unit.
Both engines come with a standard 5-speed manual transmission.
The front seats are foldable; thus, it makes entering the rear seats easy and helps one transform the space into a cargo hold by folding the back seats.
Although, the rear cabin did not provide comfortable legroom.
It was one of its disadvantages. The inside of the Wrangler is fashioned with comfortable seats, and the dashboard has been attached with 4 gauges as is the standard.
The front seats have short, narrow bottom cushions. Even though the model was exquisite, its manufacturing was stopped in 1996, and the Wrangler TJ replaced it.
Main Differences Between CJ and YJ
The main difference between the two jeeps is that one is a modification of the other. The YJ came after the CJ as its evolved brother. Other differences between the two include the following:
- The CJ and YJ are manufactured through different periods. The CJ from 1945 to 1986 and the YJ from 1987 to 1996.
- Both the CJ and YJ have different-sized leaf springs.
- Their steering knuckles differ from each other.
- The CJ has circular headlights, while the YJ has rectangular headlights with a broader windshield.
- The YJ has a longer wheelbase and lesser ground clearance than the CJ.
- YJ vehicles are more customer-friendly and comfortable than CJ.
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Piyush Yadav has spent the past 25 years working as a physicist in the local community. He is a physicist passionate about making science more accessible to our readers. He holds a BSc in Natural Sciences and Post Graduate Diploma in Environmental Science. You can read more about him on his bio page.