Difference Between Climate and Biome (With Table)

Climate is a term that is used to determine a long-term period of weather for a particular region. Biome, on the other hand, is a vast area classified by four characterizations, that is vegetation, soil, wildlife, and Climate itself. Biome is a vast term that itself contains the whole specifications of the term Climate.

Climate vs Biome

The main difference between Climate and Biome is Climate can be defined as a long-term weather condition of a particular region while Biome includes the whole vegetation and wildlife, that is, flora and fauna, Climate, and Different types of soil. These all are naturally occurring factors present in a particular area.

The Climate is the bigger version of the term weather for a particular region. Uncertain weather conditions that may change from hour to hour, month to month, and can be as long as year to year and up to 30 years of Climate can be tracked. Several major factors decide the Climate of a particular area that is atmosphere, hydrosphere, cryosphere, and biosphere.

Biome is not as relevant to Climate in terms of its definition and components, but it wholly contains the components of Climate on its own. Biome includes vegetation and wildlife specific to the specific Climate of a particular region. Biome is of five different types, that is aquatic, grassland, forest, desert, and tundra.

Comparison Table Between Climate and Biome

Parameters of ComparisonClimateBiome
DefinitionClimate is a long-term classification of the term weather specific to a specific region and time.Biome is a sizeable area that includes its vegetation, wildlife, climate, and soil.
ComponentsComponents of Climate are the hydrosphere, cryosphere, atmosphere, and biosphere. Components of Biome are Vegetation, wildlife, Climate, and soil.
TypesFive major types of climate are Tropical, dry, mild, continental, and polar. Five major types of Biome are aquatic, grassland, forest, desert, and tundra.
CharacteristicsIt widely defines the weather conditions of a particular region for a particular time frame and other major factors responsible for the weather changes. It widely defines the whole ecosystems of a particular wide region that contains its vegetation, animals, Climate.
ExampleSnow in the northeast in January. Temperate deciduous forest, temperate rainforest, and temperate grassland, etc.

What is Climate?

Climate, as we have read above, is a wide term for Weather for a specific region and time. It depends on several factors like atmosphere, hydrosphere, cryosphere, and biosphere. Here we will elaborate on these factors that affect the Climate of a particular area.

The atmosphere is the most uncertain part of Climate. It can be easily affected by human-made factors and natural factors that can influence the movement and composition of natural gases present in the atmosphere hence resulting in Climate change.

Hydrosphere that naturally occurs at a much slower pace but includes variations in temperature and saltiness in the environment.

The cryosphere generally has a great influence on the marine ecosystem and biodiversity. It includes factors like ice sheets and glaciers reflecting sunlight, permanently Frozen layer of the earth’s surface, and the thermal conductivity of ice that affects the temperature. The biosphere includes the total of the living things on earth, from photosynthesis, forests, oceans, and landscapes to humans and animals.

The Climate is influenced by these major factors includes some minor factors such as latitude, landscape, elevation, and nearness to the ocean or freshwater and land use pattern. Latitude creates a huge impact on the Climate. Climate may become foggy, humid, dry, or may result in windiness due to several factors creating variation in the Climate.

What is Biome?

Biome is a wide area specified by its vegetation, wildlife, Climate, and soil. Furthermore, the Biome is of five major types. As we have mentioned above, aquatic, grassland, forest, desert, and tundra. Biome can be further classified into more particular categories that are freshwater, marine, Savanna, tropical rainforest, taiga, and temperate rainforest. We’ll discuss these features and types of Biome in more detail below to develop a better understanding.

Aquatic Biome includes marine and freshwater biomes, popularly known as underwater ecosystems or oceanic ecosystems. Freshwater biomes are water bodies in proximity to land, for example, ponds, lakes, and rivers. Having salt content of less than one percent. On the other side, the marine biome is the largest Biome on the earth, contains oceans, estuaries, and coral reefs. Grabbing almost 70% of the Earth’s space.

The Grassland biome generally has a dry and warm climate. The Grassland biome includes a large area covered with grass and plenty of trees simply because of its extremely dry Climate. It only supports grasses to grow. There are two types of grasslands tropical grassland and temperate grassland.

The Forest biome is highly covered with tress, approximately covering up to ⅓ of the earth. Forest biome includes birds, insects, and Mammals as its major part, thus covering up most of the world’s terrestrial biodiversity. Temperate forests, tropical forests, and boreal forests are the major part of the forest biome.

Deserts can be cold or hot, depending on the region it falls into. Deserts have specific vegetation and wildlife due to their extreme Climate. Tundra has a very bleak condition, almost having the lowest temperature measured on a yearly basis with a low amount of precipitation and poor soil quality.

Main Differences Between Climate and Biome

  1. Climate is a term used to describe a long-term weather condition of a particular area, while Biome is a large area containing specific vegetation, wildlife, Climate, and soil according to its specific region.
  2. The Climate depends on four factors, majorly atmosphere, biosphere, cryosphere, and hydrosphere. On the other hand, Biome majorly depends on flora and fauna, Climate, and soil.
  3. Climate is of different types depending upon different regions such as tropical, dry, continental, mild, and polar, while Biome is of five different types aquatic, grassland, forest, desert, and tundra.
  4. Climate is influenced by latitude, landscape, and its four different factors, and Biome is influenced by seasonal variations and variations in precipitation.
  5. The hot and humid Climate in the southeast in July is an example of Climate variation, and Savanna and taiga are examples of a biome.


Climate and Biome both play an important role in deciding the weather conditions and ecosystem of the world. While Climate focuses on the weather conditions of the earth, it helps in forecasting as long as 30 years of Climate. Various factors are mentioned above, on which the Climate of the particular region for the particular time depends.

Biome is a huge area covering a specific kind of vegetation, wildlife, and Climate also different kinds of soil. We have discussed all the types and factors of Biome on which the ecosystem depends, whether it is a dry and hot area or a cold and dewy one.


  1. https://journals.co.za/doi/abs/10.10520/AJA00382353_7196

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