Difference Between Direct Democracy and Representative Democracy (With Table)

Democracy is termed as a type of government in a country which means that in that specific country the people of the country decide to should govern them, and who should be selected accordingly to the people. Democracy is stated as for the people by the people and of the people respectively. There are two types of democracy mainly direct democracy and representative democracy.

Direct Democracy vs Representative Democracy

The difference between direct democracy and representative democracy is that indirect democracy the laws and policies are prepared by the common vote by the society of the people related to governing the society, and on the other hand, representative democracy is where laws and policies are stated by the representatives who were chosen by the common people in society.

The other name of direct democracy is known as pure democracy where there is the direct participation of citizens for governing the country. In this kind of democracy, all the policies and laws for the development of a society are taken by a vote from the common people of that state, without having any barricade in-between the decision-making process.

Representative democracy is also known as indirect democracy in which the people set up a vote for electing a representative to take all important decisions regarding the laws and policies for the betterment of the state. This type of democracy is the opposite of direct democracy when it comes to governing a state.

Comparison Table Between Direct Democracy and Representative Democracy

Parameters of ComparisonDirect DemocracyRepresentative Democracy
MeaningDirect democracy is a form of Democracy where policies and laws are taken by people by common voting amongst them.Representative democracy is a form of democracy where the citizens of the state elect a representative for deciding on behalf of them regarding laws and policies.
TransparencyThere is complete transparency when it comes to a country or state following direct democracy.There is not much transparency when it comes to a country or state that follows representative democracy.
BarriersThere are no intermediates or barriers in a country following direct democracy.There are intermediates and barriers where a country follows representative democracy.
EfficiencyA country or state following direct democracy is said to be less efficient.A country or state following representative democracy is said to be more efficient.
ExamplesAthens in ancient times and Switzerland are some examples where direct democracy is followed.India, France, the US, and the UK are some examples where representative democracy is followed.

What is Direct Democracy?

The other name of direct democracy is known as pure democracy where there is the direct participation of citizens for governing the country. In this kind of democracy, all the policies and laws for the development of a society are taken by a vote from the common people of that state, without having any barricade in-between the decision-making process.

There are equal rights for all citizens to make decisions on bills, votes, etc. regarding matters regarding the betterment of the state of the people. An example of this type of democracy in Athens in ancient times. In an Athenian form of government, all slaves, women, and immigrants are treated as equal when it comes to rights related to voting and decision for the state.

From all the countries in the world, Switzerland is one of the main countries following this type of democracy following the same actions. The main advantage in this form of direct democracy is that there high degree of transparency for people regarding a decision made.

What is Representative Democracy?

Representative democracy is also known as indirect democracy in which the people set up a vote for electing a representative to take all important decisions regarding the laws and policies for the betterment of the state. This type of democracy is the opposite of direct democracy when it comes to governing a state.

In this form of democracy, there is no direct involvement of citizens in the decision-making process in the state. Instead of this, they vote for a group of representatives to do all the decision-making for their state. The representative performs the duties on behalf of the people to create policies and laws.

This kind of democracy has its advantages as well as disadvantages. The main advantage is that this dares to empower people to elect representatives for the taking of policies and laws but the main advantage of this type of democracy is that sometimes, the elected representatives may not always go according to the will of the people and sometimes may misuse their power and position.

Main Differences Between Direct Democracy and Representative Democracy

  1. Direct democracy is a form of Democracy where policies and laws are taken by people by common voting amongst them, and on the other hand, representative democracy is a form of democracy where the citizens of the state elect a representative for deciding on behalf of them regarding laws and policies.
  2. There is complete transparency when it comes to a country or state following direct democracy, and on the other hand, there is not much transparency, when it comes to a country or state follows representative democracy.
  3. There are no intermediates or barriers in a country following direct democracy, and on the other hand, there are intermediates and barriers where a country follows representative democracy.
  4. A country or state following direct democracy is said to be less efficient, and on the other hand, a country or state following representative democracy is said to be more efficient.
  5. Athens in ancient times and Switzerland are some examples where direct democracy is followed, and on the other hand, India, France, the US, and the UK are some examples where representative democracy is followed.

Conclusion

Both types of Democracy that are direct democracy as well as representing all aim at leading a county or a state into a better working and focus on betterment on lives of people. Democracy is that form of government where it gives power to people more when it comes to deciding for themselves and their country.

After all, democracy is of the people, by the people, and for the people. One should know the differences between direct democracy and representative democracy to know how they function and how they work to leading a better country. One should focus as a citizen of their country to make a right and honest decision for progress.

References

  1. https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/abs/10.1080/00344890600583685
  2. https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/0261379489900012
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