Difference Between Dissociative Identity Disorder DID and Schizophrenia

A mental ailment, often known as mental illness, is a disease that affects the brain. The brain is a member of the nervous system, which regulates all aspects of the human body, including cognition, emotions, thirst, hunger, and movement.

If a person’s brain becomes faulty, they lose consciousness and intelligence

Dissociative Identity Disorder and Schizophrenia are two psychiatric illnesses. Dissociative Identity Disorder (DID) is a mental health condition characterized by a person who has two or more identities.

On the other hand, schizophrenia is a condition in which a person lives in his imagination rather than reality.

Dissociative Identity Disorder DID vs Schizophrenia

The main difference between dissociative identity disorder (DID) and schizophrenia is that DID is a psychiatric condition in which a person has numerous personas without even acknowledging it. People with schizophrenia, on the other hand, have trouble distinguishing between reality and hallucinations. Both of these disorders are uncommon in humans.

Dissociative Identity Disorder DID vs Schizophrenia

Dissociative identity disorder (DID), formerly known as multiple personality disorder (MPD), is a mental state in which a person acts completely differently in terms of behavior at different times without realizing it.

People who have been victims of child abuse or other traumatic events such as wars are more likely to develop this illness.

Schizophrenia is a mental illness that causes people to believe that their imagined existence is real. People with this condition are extra introverts who live in their world.

They have difficulty expressing themselves or sharing their feelings with others. This disease is extremely rare, affecting about 0.005% of the world’s population.

Comparison Table Between Dissociative Identity Disorder (DID) and Schizophrenia

Parameters of ComparisonDissociative Identity Disorder DIDSchizophrenia
DefinitionDID is a mental disorder in which a person’s behavior pattern alters and he fully transforms into a different person in different conditions.Schizophrenia is a mental illness in which a person loses awareness and lives in an imaginary state.
VictimsPeople who have witnessed unusually unpleasant situations, such as aggressive fights, are more likely to get the disease.This condition can affect young people who are drug addicts in rare situations.
SymptomsMemory loss, depression, and stress are some of the symptoms that a person suffering from this illness may exhibit.Speech problems and emotionlessness are two symptoms of schizophrenia.
DangersDID victims attempt self-harm and, in the majority of cases, commit suicide.Suicidal thoughts and obsessive-compulsive disorder(OCD) are common among schizophrenia patients.
TreatmentsNon-drug treatments, such as mental counseling, are effective treatments for this illness.It can be addressed with prescribed drugs in addition to conversation treatments to keep the brain steady.

What is Dissociative Identity Disorder DID?

Dissociative is an English word that means “disconnection” in the context of dissociative identity disorder. In everyday life, it is referred to as a daydreaming condition that can be ended when the daydreamer is distracted.

A person with dissociative identity disorder, on the other hand, remains unconnected and has numerous personalities without acknowledging it. Some events in the victim’s life are permanently erased from his memory because he utterly forgets about them.

People who have been the victims of child abuse or who have witnessed unusual events such as conflicts and wars are more likely to develop this disease. Teenagers and adults are among the age groups most likely to be affected by this issue.

If family and friends observe symptoms such as memory loss, split personality behavior, depression, or anxiety in a loved one, they should take them to a psychiatric hospital right away.

Counseling therapy and motivation are excellent treatments for those people who are mentally agitated.

There are many risk factors connected with this illness. People who are affected by multiple personality disorders feel cut off from the rest of the world and fall into a profound depression.

Such worry tempts individuals to commit self-harm to escape their unhappy existence.

What is Schizophrenia?

Schizophrenia is a mental illness that is distinct from DID. People affected by this order tend to disengage from the real world and dwell in their fantasies. People begin to experience delusions, hallucinations, and strange behavior as if they are mentally ill.

Though this sickness is scarce and affects a small group of individuals, it has long-term consequences if people become victims. Such people have trouble remembering day-to-day occurrences and find it difficult to join the real world; therefore, they are very introverts.

In most situations, victims with schizophrenia find it difficult to follow given instructions, directions and act childishly. Furthermore, these individuals lack confidence, have a speech impediment, and find it difficult to maintain eye contact while conversing.

If a person exhibits all of these warning symptoms, family or friends should visit a doctor and obtain a CT scan from a laboratory because if the disorder is not recognized early on, it can develop into real danger.

The consequences of the illness could be reduced if people see a doctor at the proper time.

Although there is no cure for this illness, patients can feel a little better with non-drug and drug-related treatments. Talk therapy and fostering good thoughts are examples of non-drug treatments. Antipsychotic drugs help patients to recover quickly.

Patients who do not receive treatment may develop other illnesses, such as OCD (obsessive-compulsive disorder) and suicidal ideation. People with the obsessive-compulsive disorder don’t listen to or agree with others, preferring to do things their way.

Main Differences Between Dissociative Identity Disorder DID and Schizophrenia

  1. Dissociative Identity Disorder possesses multiple personalities in a single person, which differ behavior-wise. On the other hand, patients with Schizophrenia could not realize the difference between fantasy and real life.
  2. People who have witnessed severe levels of hostility and violence are DID victims. Schizophrenia victims, on the other side, are over-thinkers and drug addicts.
  3. Memory loss, profound despair, and anxiety are all warning indicators of dissociative identity disorder. Lack of emotions and confidence, as well as speech difficulty, are indicators of schizophrenia.
  4. Dangers associated with DID are self-harm and depression. However, because of schizophrenia, people further develop other mental ailments.
  5. Treatments to reduce the symptoms of dissociative identity disorder are therapies and other medications. Nonetheless, in the case of schizophrenia, treatments discovered are counseling and antipsychotic drugs, which keep the patient mentally stable.
Difference Between Dissociative Identity Disorder DID and Schizophrenia


Both dissociative identity disorder and schizophrenia can be classified as mental illnesses that cause patients to lose consciousness. Even though both conditions are incurable, patients of both diseases account for less than 1% of the global population.

Dissociative identity disorder (DID) differs from schizophrenia in that it is a mental condition in which a person has two or more personalities that are opposite of each other without comprehending it.

While patients with schizophrenia live in their fictional world, unable to discern between their thoughts and reality, and remain alienated from the rest of the world. Both, DID and schizophrenia can be treated effectively to lessen their danger signs and risks.


  1. https://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/s11920-008-0036-z
  2. https://journals.lww.com/jonmd/FullText/2009/12000/Auditory_Hallucinations_in_Dissociative_Identity.4.aspx

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