Difference Between MPD and Schizophrenia (With Table)

Multiple Personality Disorder and schizophrenia are severe mental health disorders. Although the two disorders are often confused as synonymous, they are not similar. MPD is a disorder wherein an individual exhibits two or more separate identities. Schizophrenia, however, is a severe mental health disorder caused by major disturbances in perception, behaviour, thought, and emotion.

MPD vs Schizophrenia

The difference between MPD and schizophrenia is that people with MPD experience split personalities. On the other hand, schizophrenia is a severe mental health disorder caused by major disturbances in perception, behaviour, thought, and emotion. The early symptoms of MPD become prominent during childhood. In contrast, the diagnosis of schizophrenia happens during early adulthood.

MPD, popularly known as Dissociative Identity Disorder, is a severe mental health disorder, wherein an individual exhibits two or more separate identities. The personalities attributed to MPD may have their voices, names, and characteristics. These identities might seem to make an effort to take control over a person.

Schizophrenia is a severe mental health disorder caused by major disturbances in perception, behaviour, thought, and emotion. The diagnosis of schizophrenia happens during early adulthood. Hospitalisation is a rule in schizophrenia. There are several characteristics of schizophrenia, such as delusions, disorganized speech, catatonic behaviour, hallucinations, and negative symptoms.

Comparison Table Between MPD and Schizophrenia

Parameters of ComparisonMPDSchizophrenia
DefinitionMPD, popularly known as the Dissociative Identity Disorder, is a serious mental health disorder. An individual having MPD exhibits two or more separate identities. Schizophrenia is a severe mental health disorder characterized by major disturbances in perception, behaviour, thought, and emotion.
SymptomsThere are several characteristics of MPD. These include disruptions in identity, memory, motor control, behaviour, emotion, perception, and consciousness.There are several characteristics of schizophrenia. These include delusions, disorganized speech, catatonic behaviour, hallucinations, and negative symptoms. 
CausesMPD develops in response to some kind of trauma, such as sexual or physical abuse. The causes of schizophrenia include brain brain differences, substance use, and environment. 
Onset of symptoms The early symptoms of MPD become prominent during childhood. The diagnosis of schizophrenia happens during early adulthood. 
TreatmentMPDs are cured with talk therapy. Treatment options include Dialectical Behavioural Therapy (DBT), Cognitive Behavioural Therapy (CBT), reprocessing, and eye movement desensitisation. Treatment of schizophrenia includes the use of antipsychotic medicines along with therapy. 

What is MPD?

MPD, popularly known as Dissociative Identity Disorder, is a severe mental health disorder, wherein an individual exhibits two or more separate identities. Each personality is distinct and well defined from one another. Sometimes, people diagnosed with MPD experience a memory gap during which the other identity is in charge.

There are several characteristics of MPD. These include disruptions in identity, memory, motor control, behaviour, emotion, perception, and consciousness. The personalities attributed to MPD may have their voices, names, and characteristics. These identities might seem to make an effort to take control over a person. 

MPD is controversial at times. Some believe that people use the term to escape the legal repercussions of their illegal actions. In addition, when MPD was initially discovered, the cases of MPD rose drastically. Researchers, however, classified it as an overdiagnosis of the disorder. Despite being controversial, MPD is a severe mental health disorder. Although some people may exploit it to their advantage, MPD is a legitimate disorder that has impacted several lives. 

MPDs are cured with talk therapy. Treatment options include Dialectical Behavioural Therapy (DBT), Cognitive Behavioural Therapy (CBT), reprocessing, and eye movement desensitisation. People with MPD might find it hard to work, handle relationships and family, and manage everyday work. Nonetheless, it is the best option to get medical help as soon as possible. 

What is Schizophrenia?

Schizophrenia is a severe mental health disorder caused by major disturbances in perception, behaviour, thought, and emotion. The diagnosis of schizophrenia happens during early adulthood. Hospitalisation is a rule in schizophrenia. In addition, it is a psychotic disorder that may impair a person’s work life and relationships. 

There are several characteristics of schizophrenia, such as delusions, disorganized speech, catatonic behaviour, hallucinations, and negative symptoms. Delusion refers to fixed false beliefs. Hallucinations occur when a person sees, hears, or smells things that no one else does. Negative symptoms refer to the absence of behaviours that healthy people exhibit. Disorganized speech refers to phrases that have meanings only for the individual and may not exist in reality. The presence of any two of these symptoms is a hint that a person may have schizophrenia. 

Schizophrenic people usually have cognitive deficits such as slower processing speeds and memory problems, and causes of schizophrenia include brain differences, substance use, and environment. The use of marijuana increases the risk of psychotic disorders. Exposure to viruses or malnutrition during pregnancy may be a cause of the disorder. 

Treatment of schizophrenia includes the use of antipsychotic medicines along with therapy. Schizophrenia hampers the day to day functioning of an individual. Thus, it is advisable to treat the disorder at the early signs of its presence. 

Main Differences Between MPD and Schizophrenia

  1. MPD, popularly known as Dissociative Identity Disorder, is a severe mental health disorder. An individual having MPD exhibits two or more separate identities. On the other hand, schizophrenia is a severe mental health disorder caused by major disturbances in perception, behaviour, thought, and emotion.
  2. There are several characteristics of MPD. These include disruptions in identity, memory, motor control, behaviour, emotions, perception, and consciousness. In contrast, there are several characteristics of schizophrenia. These include delusions, disorganized speech, catatonic behaviour, hallucinations, and negative symptoms. 
  3. MPD develops in response to some form of trauma, such as sexual or physical abuse. However, the causes of schizophrenia include brain differences, substance use, and the environment. 
  4. The early symptoms of MPD become prominent during childhood. In contrast, the diagnosis of schizophrenia happens during early adulthood. 
  5. MPDs are cured with talk therapy. Treatment options include Dialectical Behavioural Therapy (DBT), Cognitive Behavioural Therapy (CBT), reprocessing, and eye movement desensitisation. On the other hand, treatment of schizophrenia includes the use of antipsychotic medicines along with therapy. 

Conclusion

The differences between multiple personality disorder and schizophrenia summarise that both are not similar. MPD, popularly known as Dissociative Identity Disorder, is a severe mental health disorder wherein exhibits two or more separate identities. On the other hand, schizophrenia is a severe mental health disorder caused by disturbances in perception, behaviour, thought, and emotion.

MPD develops in response to some trauma, such as sexual or physical abuse. However, the causes of schizophrenia include brain differences, substance use, and the environment. The early symptoms of MPD become prominent during childhood. In contrast, the diagnosis of schizophrenia happens during early adulthood.  In a nutshell, MPD and schizophrenia stand differentiated. 

References

  1. https://www.nature.com/articles/nature09552?pagewanted=all
  2. https://link.springer.com/chapter/10.1007/978-1-4899-0310-5_16 
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