Difference Between Schizophrenia and Schizoaffective (With Table)

With the various types of psychological and physiological disorders that humans face, psychiatric conditions are one of the most fascinating topics on which humans may reflect and research. Multiple causes and explanations exist for various or even a single mental illness.

People who struggle to comprehend the signs of possibly mental or psychological illness may feel overwhelmed. A mental disorder is diagnosed by physicians, psychiatrists, and other mental health experts. Meanwhile, this article will try to differentiate between the facts and symptoms of two such disorders, namely schizophrenia, and schizoaffective disorders, to have a better understanding and comprehension.

Schizophrenia vs Schizoaffective

The difference between schizophrenia and schizoaffective disorder is that the symptoms of schizophrenia consist of delusions and hallucinations which are persistent from the age till it is fully diagnosed whereas schizoaffective disorder combines the symptoms of schizophrenia and autism and the symptoms tend to be unpredictable as it comes and goes throughout the lifetime of the patient. Mood swings and hallucination phases are quite incurable and unprecedented when a person is a patient of schizoaffective disorder.

Schizophrenia is a mental illness that affects the way people think. It originated from the Greek terms “schizein,” which means “to split,” and “phren,” which means “thought.” Eugene Bleuler coined the phrase in 1908. This term was developed by him to explain the division of the mind’s reasoning, memory, identity, and awareness. Delusions, flashbacks, anxiety, disordered speech, and disorganized thinking are indicators and symptoms. Schizophrenia is commonly referred to as “becoming insane.”

Schizoaffective disorder on the other hand is a very rare disorder that clubs the mental and emotional vulnerability of a person to flash in hallucinations, severe mood and temperament swings along with a sense of distrust and disturbed thought process.

Un-treated schizoaffective illness can cause issues at work, college, and in social interactions, resulting in isolation and difficulty keeping down a full-time job or going to the university or any social gathering. People who suffer from the schizoaffective disorder may require humanitarian help in their daily lives. Therapy can aid in the management of symptoms and the enhancement of one’s standard of living.

Comparison Table Between Schizophrenia and Schizoaffective

Parameters of ComparisonSchizophreniaSchizoaffective
DefinitionSchizophrenia is a severe cognitive condition that affects fewer than 1% of the world population.Schizoaffective disorder is a psychological illness with indications and characteristics that are comparable to schizophrenia.
SymptomsPsychological instability, delusions and hallucinations.Delusions, severe mood swings, distressful thoughts and hallucinations.
TreatmentDSM methodologies and antidepressant drugsDSM methodologies along with continual psycho-therapy.
DiscoverySchizophrenia was first identified in 1908.Schizoaffective illness was identified in 1933.
Age Group20 to 30 years old (onset window)25 – lifelong (incurable)

What is Schizophrenia?

Schizophrenia is a severe cognitive condition that affects fewer than 1% of the world population. Psychotic symptoms of schizophrenia do overlap with schizoaffective disorder and sometimes it becomes difficult for the therapist to figure out the disorder differences due to similar cognitive disabilities and symptoms too.

General schizophrenia symptoms involve hallucinations, seizures, disordered speech, difficulty thinking, and a lack of willingness. Most initial symptoms can be substantially improved with therapy, and the risk of relapse can be reduced.

The term ‘schizophrenia’ originated from the Greek terms “schizein,” which means “to split,” and “phren,” which means “thought.” Eugene Bleuler coined the phrase in 1908. This term was developed by him to explain the division of the mind’s reasoning, memory, identity, and awareness.

When talking about mortality rates and statistics from the past couple of years; men and women are equally affected by schizophrenia, according to findings, although men may get it sooner. Percentages are comparable all over the world. Schizophrenics are more likely than the general population to die early.

Schizophrenia is evaluated using the DSM standards, which are used by psychologists and psychiatrists to validate a patient’s diagnosis. Although there is no particular cure for schizophrenia, it may be managed with medicines, notably atypical antipsychotics like Risperidone. There are numerous ideas on what causes schizophrenia, including genetics and the possibility that illness runs in the family.

What is Schizoaffective?

Schizoaffective disorder is a psychological illness with indications and characteristics that are comparable to schizophrenia. Jacob Kasanin, an American psychologist, was the first to notice it in a patient in the year1933. These have many of the same symptoms as schizophrenia patients, as well as some of the same characteristics as bipolar individuals and autism patients too, such as high and low emotions.

Approximately 0.3 percent of the population suffers from schizoaffective disorder. Men are more likely than women to acquire schizoaffective disorder. A major temperament flush or mood swing for at least a two to three-week interval of psychotic disorders when a severe mood episode is not occurring are diagnostic characteristics of schizoaffective disorder or paranoid schizoaffective disorder, however, the genesis and duration of the illness may vary.

Finally, since they exhibit social seclusion, strange conduct, and unorthodox thought processes, they are equated to autistic children and adults with a schizotypal personality disorder.

Someone with schizoaffective disorder can talk about death or engage in suicidal conduct. If you have a close one who is feeling suicidal or has already attempted suicide, make sure someone remains with them. This occurs because patients affected by the schizoaffective disorder are always delusional and their subconscious thought process overlaps with their conscious thinking processes.

Main Differences Between Schizophrenia and Schizoaffective

  1. Schizophrenia can be cured in the early stage of diagnosis but the schizoaffective disorder can never be completely treated.
  2. Schizophrenia has psychological syndromes which occur in regular intervals but schizoaffective disorder symptoms are usually unpredictable and non-curable.
  3. Schizophrenia is more common in people than the schizoaffective disorder.
  4. Schizophrenia occurs in people aging from 20 to 30 whereas schizoaffective disorder can overlap with other mental disorders like autism and ranges from age 25 plus.
  5. Schizophrenia was first identified in 1908 whereas schizoaffective illness was identified in 1933.

Conclusion

Mental illnesses cannot be averted, but people should know of the clinical symptoms and seek medical help if they feel they are suffering from them. Schizophrenia and schizoaffective illness are extremely similar, however, individuals suffering from both conditions require special attention since the psychological anguish they are experiencing is severe, and they should be referred to a competent psychiatrist.

Both psychotic illnesses are serious if ignored, and cannot be entirely cured, but some lifestyle and well-being adjustments may certainly make a significant difference in the patient’s general health and well-being.

References

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