Difference Between Endoscopy and Laparoscopy (With Table)

Endoscopy and Laparoscopy refer to some procedures that are performed for diagnosing certain diseases. In these procedures, physicians penetrate or put the equipment to usually visualize internal parts of the body. It is the decision of the doctor to prescribe these procedures. There are lots of differences between Endoscopy and Laparoscopy.

Endoscopy vs Laparoscopy

The difference between Endoscopy and Laparoscopy is that endoscopy access the internal body parts through natural orifices like the anal canal, mouth, or vaginal hysterectomy. On the other hand, in laparoscopy, a thin tube accesses the abdominal cavity or the female pelvic organs through an incision or cut in the belly. A physician can perform endoscopy wherein Laparoscopy only surgeons can perform.

Endoscopy refers to a procedure whereby using an endoscope the internal organs are visualized by penetrating through the natural orifices like the mouth, anal canal, or vaginal hysterectomy. An endoscope is a thin, long, and flexible tube that has a camera with a light attached at the end. Through the camera, the internal body parts are shown on a TV screen. 

Laparoscopy refers to a procedure of surgery where problems are checked in the abdomen area or female pelvic organs by inserting a laparoscope into the abdomen area through an incision. A laparoscope is a thin tube with a camera at one end. The internal conditions can be seen through the video or image recorded by the camera on a TV screen.

Comparison Table Between Endoscopy and Laparoscopy

Parameters of Comparison EndoscopyLaparoscopy
Definition Endoscopy is a procedure where internal organs of the body are looked at using an endoscope that entered the body through natural orifices like the mouth, anal canal, and vaginal hysterectomy. Laparoscopy is a procedure where problems are checked in the abdomen area or female pelvic organs by inserting a laparoscope into the abdomen area through an incision.
Purpose The main purpose of endoscopy is to diagnose internal parts of the body with the help of an endoscope.The main purpose of laparoscopy is to diagnose the source of abdominal or pelvic pain and if needed conduct microsurgery. 
Procedure Endoscopy is generally performed in the consciousness of the patient. Although sometimes patients need to receive local anesthesia, generally an anesthetic sprays on the backside of the throat.Laparoscopy is generally performed under GA or general anesthesia where the surgeon makes several small cuts on the patient’s belly. Each cut is not more than 1 inch.
RisksEndoscopy is a relatively safe procedure, but there are several risks like mild cramping, over-sedation, pain in the area of endoscopy, and so on involved with this procedure.When laparoscopy is done in women 3 out of 1000 women face several complications like bleeding, infection, abdominal wall inflammation, injury to nearby blood vessels and organs.
Types Endoscopy is performed to diagnose certain parts of the like respiratory tract, urinary tract, ear, gastrointestinal tract, female reproductive tract, and through a small incision.The types of laparoscopic surgery include repair of hernia, removal of the gallbladder, removal of some parts of the liver, removal of the spleen, and so on.

What is Endoscopy?

Endoscopy is a procedure where internal organs of the body are looked at using an endoscope that entered the body through natural orifices like the mouth, anal canal, and vaginal hysterectomy. Endoscopy is performed to diagnose certain parts of the like respiratory tract, urinary tract, ear, gastrointestinal tract, female reproductive tract, and through a small incision.

The endoscope was first designed in the first half of the 19th century. Endoscopy is a relatively safe and quick procedure. The main reason for this procedure is to investigate, confirm, and treatment of the internal body parts.

For endoscopy, the patent does not need to stay overnight in the hospital. It generally takes around one hour to complete an endoscopy. In many types of endoscopy patients need to fast for around twelve hours. It totally depends on the type of endoscopy. Doctors need to be informed about the previous procedures and current medications of the patient before performing the endoscopy.

Endoscopy is a relatively safe procedure, but there are several risks like mild cramping, over-sedation, pain in the area of endoscopy, and so on involved with this procedure. Any types of symptoms like vomiting blood, chest pain, breath shortness, dark-colored stool, and persistent and severe abdominal pain after the endoscopy need to be reported to the doctor.

What is Laparoscopy?

Laparoscopy refers to a procedure of surgery where problems are checked in the abdomen area or female pelvic organs by inserting a laparoscope into the abdomen area through an incision. A laparoscope is a thin tube with a camera at one end. The internal conditions can be seen through the video or image recorded by the camera on a TV screen.

The types of laparoscopic surgery include repair of hernia, removal of the gallbladder, removal of some parts of the liver, removal of the spleen, and so on. The main purpose of laparoscopy is to diagnose the source of abdominal or pelvic pain and if needed conduct microsurgery.

There are several benefits, like less cutting, smaller scars, very short recovery time, less pain and scars heal quickly and less internal scarring, of laparoscopy, compared to other traditional surgeries.

There is an advanced kind of laparoscopic surgery where laparoscopy is performed with the help of robots. In robotic laparoscopic surgery, the mechanical arms of the robots perform the surgery instead of holding instruments manually. Many surgeons consider laparoscopy surgery very helpful .With robotic laparoscopy surgeons operate the surgical instruments and the robot by looking at the monitor which gives high-quality 3-D images of the internal part of the body.

Main Differences Between Endoscopy and Laparoscopy

  1. Endoscopy access the internal body parts through natural orifices like the anal canal, mouth, or vaginal hysterectomy. On the other hand, in laparoscopy, a thin tube accesses the abdominal cavity or the female pelvic organs through an incision or cut in the belly.
  2. The main purpose of endoscopy is to diagnose internal parts of the body with help of an endoscope and The main purpose of laparoscopy is to diagnose the source of abdominal or pelvic pain and if needed conduct microsurgery.
  3. Endoscopy is generally performed in the consciousness of the patient. Although sometimes patients need to receive local anesthesia, generally an anesthetic sprays on the backside of the throat. On the other hand, Laparoscopy is generally performed under GA or general anesthesia where the surgeon makes several small cuts on the patient’s belly. Each cut is not more than 1 inch.
  4. Endoscopy is a relatively safe procedure, but there are several risks like mild cramping, over-sedation, pain in the area of endoscopy, and so on involved with this procedure. When laparoscopy is done in women 3 out of 1000 women face several complications like bleeding, infection, abdominal wall inflammation, injury to nearby blood vessels and organs.
  5. Endoscopy is performed to diagnose certain parts of the like respiratory tract, urinary tract, ear, gastrointestinal tract, female reproductive tract, and through a small incision. The types of laparoscopic surgery include repair of hernia, removal of the gallbladder, removal of some parts of the liver, removal of the spleen, and so on.

Conclusion

Both of these were performed to diagnose certain diseases. Laparoscopy is sometimes used by surgeons to perform microsurgery. Both endoscopy and laparoscopy procedures involve minimum invasion in the body. Both these procedures do not cause intensive pains to the patient as there are fewer cuts in the body compared to the other traditional surgeries.

But there are several differences between endoscopy and laparoscopy. The main difference is that Endoscopy access the internal body parts through natural orifices like the anal canal, mouth, or vaginal hysterectomy. On the other hand, in laparoscopy, a thin tube accesses the abdominal cavity or the female pelvic organs through an incision or cut in the belly.

References

  1. https://www.proquest.com/openview/85f3353d4a3e80e6b24232a0328bc69e/1?pq-origsite=gscholar&cbl=31812
  2. https://www.vetsmall.theclinics.com/article/S0195-5616(03)00058-5/fulltext
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