Sustainability is the key foundation of life. It helps life flourish in every direction. Every human life requires various prospectively so it can live sustainably with others in society. Ethics and values are two prospective viewpoints that give life its sustainability in society. It helps them pursue their desire within the limits of mankind.
Both of these terms are attached to mankind from the beginning of civilization. For centuries, various scholars and philosophers have tried to define their purpose in social life structure.
Both of these terms are synonymous with philosophy. Therefore, many people think that they are the same, and often interchange them with each other. However, a closer look is required to understand the meaning of these words and how they are different from each other.
Ethics vs Values
The difference between Ethics and Values is that ethics is a principled stance that distinguishes right and wrong and it is the fundamental pillar of modern law & judicial system, while the value is a perspective by which someone evaluates the importance of anything and this evaluating process often used in modern economics & personal reverence.
Comparison Table Between Ethics and Values (in Tabular Form)
|Parameter of Comparison||Ethics||Values|
|What is it?||Ethics is a principled stance that distinguishes right and wrong.||Value is a perspective by which someone evaluates the importance of anything.|
|Types||Meta-ethics, descriptive ethics, normative ethics, and applied ethics.||Personal values, cultural values, relative or absolute values, intrinsic or extrinsic values, protected value, economic and philosophic values, etc.|
|Uniformity||Equal for every individual in a society.||Different for every individual.|
|Consistency||Does not change with time.||Change with time.|
|Purpose||Confine activity under moral obligation.||Evaluate what is important for each individual.|
|Most applied in||Legal and judicial system.||Personal, economical, cultural sectors.|
What are Ethics?
Ethics is a principled stance that distinguishes right and wrong. It is a philosophical process by which anyone questions the principal and purpose. Ethics is a logical reasoning process that defines good and bad. Ethics set up moral conduct by which the society functions sustainably.
In a society ethic is uniform and everyone try to run their life under ethical confinement. All ethical standards are based on a reasonable obligation. This standard helps society define criminal activities like murder, assault, stealing, rape, etc. The modern standard of legality came from ethical standards. It constrains humans from illegal activity.
Ethics can be segregated into four types. These are meta-ethics, descriptive ethics, normative ethics, and applied ethics. With the help of meta-ethics, anyone can question moral values. On the other hand, descriptive ethics explores the understanding of sociology, psychology, and anthropology.
Normative ethics analyze the right action in practical life, while applied ethics analyze the possible outcome of an action.
Ethical principles are the base of every legal and judicial system. The constitutional body of every nation evaluates its judgment on the ethical standard before making any provision in the law. For this reason, people of every society prefer to keep their conduct according to the ethical manner.
What are Values?
Value is a perspective by which someone evaluates the importance of anything. This abstract concept of importance also affects the judgment process and determines their actions. Therefore, the valuation system varies from individual to individual; and something valuable to one person may not retain its value to another person.
The value system is not universal, and it can be segregated in various types. A few common types of values are personal values, cultural values, relative or absolute values, intrinsic or extrinsic values, protected value, economic and philosophic values, etc. For a person, one value may become important than others.
However, almost everyone lives in a society that holds personal and communal value together. The communal value is something that everybody in the community considers essential for them. Value is not static, it often changes with time. One thing that is valuable now may not retain its value in the future. As an example, the economic values of an object often change with time. At that time supply and demand of this object determines its value.
Value can be associated with physical and non-physical objects. It can also be associated with an ideology or belief. Value always determines the level of importance. It also encourages and motivates people to achieve the things that they desire.
Main Differences Between Ethics and Values
- Ethics is a moral stance that helps society decide what is right and wrong. On the other hand, value is a perspective by which someone assesses the importance of everything.
- Ethical subjects can be divided into four parts; these are meta-ethics, descriptive ethics, normative ethics, and applied ethics.
- In a society ethical standard is equal for everyone. However, values differ from person to person.
- The purpose of an ethical standard is to confine activity under moral obligation. But the purpose of a valuation is to let everyone evaluate what is important for each individual.
- Most of the time ethical standard is used in the legal and judicial system, which determines what is correct and what is incorrect. On the other hand, most of the valuation system used in personal, economical, the cultural sector, etc.
- Most ethical standards remain consistent with time, and they do not change over the period. However, the valuation of an object or ideology may change with time.
Ethics are values are two philosophical ideas that have become the pillar of human civilization. The ethical standard builds a sense of right and wrong, while the valuation system help mankind preserve and pursue important things.
Ethical standard develops the fundamental principle on which the law and the judicial system works. It defines which activities should be considered as right conducts and which activities required to be considered as wrong conducts. Ethical standards define fairness. Therefore, even every legal provision has to pass the ethical standard before becoming any new law.
Contrary to the ethical standard, the valuation system prioritizes important things in life. It is not a formal standard. For this reason, the valuation of any object or ideology has a different importance to different people. It also changes with time. Anything valuable today may not retain its valuation in the future.