Difference Between Fact and Truth (With Table)

The Sun always sets in the west. The wind blows in the atmosphere. We all are surrounded by lots of things that exist. Like some, we can touch, and some we can feel. But there are these two terms, on the other hand- fact and the truth. Both sound quite similar, yet they are completely different from each other.

Fact vs Truth

The difference between fact and truth is that fact is something that exists in real form, while Truth is the true state of a particular thing or a matter like a person, place, animal or thing. Well, facts are things that can be seen visually and can be verified properly.

If we talk about the word fact and its meaning, it simply can be understood by the sentence like “the fire is hot”. It’s based on the factual and experimented thing. Like if you try to touch fire, you can get wounds, and it will, of course, feel hot. It’s not just that you see, and it’s over. It’s more than can be observed empirically or by sensing.

The truth, on the other hand, can be said a real state of a matter, like nouns, in what a person comes to believe sometime later. Truth is not universal in Nature. It’s more a subjective situation, and that does depend on current issues and challenges. It’s not a factual thing or an experimental item.

Comparison Table Between Fact and Truth

Parameters of ComparisonFactTruth
DefinitionThe fact is the proven thing or a statement that exists.Truth is a sense or a belief, or we can say it’s more a philosophical idea.
BasisA fact is a confirmed observation situation.Truth is a norm or a kind of acceptance that has nothing to do with fact.
Law basisIt’s more a science law since it undergoes certain degrees of observation and experiments.Truth is not a scientific law. Instead, it’s more a religious, artistic, or philosophical belief people observe.
ConfirmationA fact is a proven identity.It’s based on values or beliefs.
StageIt has several process or stages that make sure it’s a factual thing.Since it’s a belief, it could be a baseless or a proven thing, but it’s more an idea.

What is Fact?

See, there are certain norms or things that we come across every day. Whether it’s a belief in the almighty or things that exist in real life or has a physical state that is examined or investigated. Certain beliefs we have inside our mind that predominantly comes from older people. While it may or may not be true, still there are superstitions we come across many times.

The word fact is a proven thing. It’s more like a verified thing. Like the sunlight gives us vitamin D. In this case, it’s scientifically proven that it does help in rejuvenating our body. Hence it’s a source of vitamins, and based on facts, science works. It can be defined as the things that can be demonstrated based on experiments.

Another example can be like “Uranus is the 7th planet of our solar system”. Yes, it’s an astronomical fact that is proven by many astronomers. Or like “Narendra Modi won the 2014 elections and became the Prime Minister of India”. Yes, again, it’s a piece of factual news based on facts and proves.

It is derived from the Latin word factum. The occurrence and the shreds of evidence make the fact a meaningful word. Certain other examples make the word fact as a powerful word in the dictionary.

What is Truth?

It’s more an agreement with fact or reality. Well, truth is way different from the meaning of the word fact. The word “truth” indicates the real part or corresponding to it, like beliefs, declarations, propositions. We often believe that God exists, Superpower exists, but if we consider facts and evidence, we don’t have much to declare that God or almighty exists.

When these beliefs join the world, it creates a peaceful place. The truth that everything is going to be okay isn’t a proven thing. Yes, it’s a hopeful statement that someday things are going to be okay, but in reality, either it could happen, or things can go worse.

It’s a philosophical idea, artistic view, or a religious thought about something that we considered the Truth. It’s not something like a science law that is derived by the people or the scientists like we found Uranus is a planet in the solar system. There are chances that it can have a base, or it could be a baseless thing.

It’s the opposite of the word false which means that it is not true or something that isn’t what it is. Some fields deal with the word truth. Unlike the science field, there are sectors on which debates, discussions happen on what grounds or on which criteria the word truth shall be defined.

Main Differences Between Fact and Truth

  1. A fact is a statement that exists in the real world, while truth can be an assumption.
  2. A fact is a scientific law that deals with realistic items, while the truth is more a philosophical, religious, artistic thought that deals with beliefs.
  3. A fact is an observed situation, while a truth could happen from superstitions.
  4. A fact is more likely to affect the world by revealing evidence and proves, while a truth could be a baseless thing or maybe an idea going on for ages.
  5. “The Sun does set in the west, Earth is one of the planets of the solar system”, while “we believe in God and superpowers” is a true statement.

Conclusion

Whether it’s a factual idea or a true statement, it’s important to maintain the balance and meaning of these with keeping the basic difference in mind. Several things were true before it was proven. And there are some aspects as well that were fake after they were proven too. 

So it’s important to maintain these two ideas irrespective of their base, their existence, or the basis of their identities. Both play a necessary and vital role in the world.

References

  1. https://www.degruyter.com/document/doi/10.4159/harvard.9780674429062/html
  2. https://link.springer.com/chapter/10.1007/978-94-009-2727-8_5
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