Difference Between FBI and US Marshal (With Table)

For a country or a state, proper law enforcement is very necessary. And for this, there is a particular framework of law that has been written and designed by officials of the country. To make sure that people living in the country must follow all the rules and regulations and thus they have appointed special officers and departments. For establishing justice, there is a judiciary system, a special investigation department for looking into special cases, police departments, etc. 

FBI vs US Marshal

The difference between the FBI and US Marshal is that FBI is meant for looking into special cases, and the responsibility of the agency is to take care of the country’s security in every possible aspect. The agency holds very strong powers as its main aim is to protect the country and its people’s rights. Whereas comparatively, on the other hand, the US Marshal is the agency that has a primary interest in protecting the judiciary of the country.

FBI or, say, the Federal Bureau of Investigation is an agency that primarily deals with the country’s special cases, says like – internal security matters of the country, terrorism, cyber-crimes, crimes related to corruption, and many more others. The agency has over 50 countries in which they have established their own offices. 

US Marshal is the agency dealing with the direct affairs of protecting the judiciary system, buildings, courts, judges, fugitives, and many others. The agency is confined to the defined places, and thus they have their offices at the places where they are operating. Although the agency has its very own headquarters, which is located in Arlington, Virginia.

Comparison Table Between FBI and US Marshal

Parameters of ComparisonFBIUS Marshal
PurposeInvestigate the casesImpose and maintain the law and order across the nation
HeadquartersBuilding named J. Edgar Hoover located in Washington  In Arlington, Virginia
Number of Offices50 offices in different states  Defined to the place where it is in charge
In chargeDirector  Attorney General, Director, and Deputy Director
ResponsibilitiesLook into the cases related to national security, cyber-crimes, corruption, white-collar crimes, and many moreMaintain the security of the court, issue the arrest warrants, taking care of the transport of criminals
OriginFrom the times of Theodore Roosevelt’s administrationFrom the time of George Washington
Type of BodyIntelligence and criminal investigation bodyFederal enforcement agency
Deals InNational SecurityCourt Security
Works UnderUS Department of JusticeFederal Courts

What is FBI?

FBI stands for the Federal Bureau of Investigation agency. As the name suggests, the agency is related or is the type of organization related to intelligence and criminal investigation. The organization has to work under the government organization of the United States Department of Justice and is headed by the Director.

The firm is a type of law enforcement and is of modern origin. It is known from the times of administration of Theodore Roosevelt. Also, the main office of the agency is located in a building in Washington named J. Edgar Hoover. In addition, they have further 50 branches located across the different nations.

The primary focus of the agency is to take care of the security of people at the national level. Their major responsibilities include – cases related to corruption, white-collar crime, operations related to stopping terrorism, cyber-crimes, trafficking, and many others. 

What is US Marshal?

US Marshal is the one that has been appointed to impose, enforce, and maintain law and order in the given area. They are related to the federal enforcement agency of the government. Thus, working under the federal courts present in the specified area. The head of the body is Attorney General, Director, and Deputy Director.

US Marshal was the oldest law imposing firm present in the United States. The origin of the body is from the times of George Washington. The body has its main office or headquarters located in Arlington, Virginia. Unlike the FBI, they don’t have different branches across nations. Perhaps they are confined to the specific area where they are located.

The primary focus of the body is to look after the security of the judicial building, that is, the court. Their main responsibilities are to take care of court, judges, issuing arrest warrants, to and fro transportation of criminals, and many more.

Main Differences Between FBI and US Marshal

  1. FBI is the agency whose purpose is to investigate the cases related to national security whereas comparatively, on the other hand, the primary purpose of the US Marshal is to maintain and impose strict law and order in the nation. 
  2. The main head office or the headquarters for the FBI agent is located in a building named J. Edgar Hoover, which is in Washington, United States, whereas comparatively, on the other hand, the main office or the headquarters for the US Marshal is present in Arlington, Virginia.
  3. The FBI agency is widespread and has many offices or say branches, across the nation working under them and they have a number of 50 offices for the same whereas comparatively, on the other hand, the US Marshal is limited to the area where it is located thus, they don’t have any further branches. 
  4. The FBI agents can be bifurcated under the main five functional branches, which are in charge of all the activities or operations performed by the individuals working along with the Director whereas comparatively, on the other hand, the US Marshal has three main head positions to whom the individuals have to report, and they are – Attorney General, Director, and Deputy Director.
  5. The FBI has numerous responsibilities to perform, and some of these are – to look under the cases related to terrorism, corruption, white-collar crimes, cyber-crimes, and many more whereas comparatively, on the other hand, the US Marshal has responsibilities to perform like – taking care of judicial buildings, issuing arrest warrants, to make sure the safer transport of the criminals, and many others. 
  6. FBI is known as the modern-day law firm and was originated from the times of Theodore Roosevelt’s administration, whereas comparatively, on the other hand, the US Marshal is the oldest law firm in the United States that helps in maintaining law and order in the nation originated during the times of George Washington.
  7. To be precise FBI is said to be a criminal investigation or intelligence body, whereas comparatively, on the other, the US Marshal is the agency that helps in enforcing the law in the nation.
  8. FBI deals with the cases or operations that are related to national security whereas comparatively, on the other hand, the US Marshal deals with the cases related to court security.
  9. FBI firm is answerable to the US Department of Justice, the government organization, whereas comparatively, on the other hand, the US Marshal is answerable to the federal courts. 

Conclusion

To sum up, both the agency the Federal Bureau of Investigation and the US Marshal are the one that works for imposing federal law system in the nation. The agencies work for the security of people at different levels but still are a major part of the law system. In the United States, during the reign of George Washington, the oldest law imposing firm was established, that is US Marshal, whereas comparatively, on the other side, the FBI is the new modern firm established during the times of Theodore Roosevelt’s administration. They have varied branches of their offices while US Marshal is confined to its specific working place. FBI is responsible for the whole nation’s security with the responsibilities of dealing with corruption, terrorism, white-collar crimes, and many others. 

References

  1. https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/abs/pii/S0047235204000844
  2. https://www.fedbar.org/wp-content/uploads/2008/08/feature1-0708-pdf-1.pdf
  3. https://www.taylorfrancis.com/books/mono/10.4324/9781315721439/policing-america-larry-gaines-victor-kappeler
  4. https://books.google.co.in/books?hl=en&lr=&id=pvxoDwAAQBAJ&oi=fnd&pg=PR5&dq=difference+between+fbi+and+us+marshal&ots=Xa4JtG5AMB&sig=qal922es-s9kVOcypBMhTR1pTWM&redir_esc=y#v=onepage&q=difference%20between%20fbi%20and%20us%20marshal&f=false
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