CBI vs FBI: Difference and Comparison

The FBI stands for the Federal Bureau of Investigation, whereas the CBI refers to the Central Bureau of Investigation. Both are world-class investigative organizations.

The CBI is India’s domestic security agency, whereas The FBI is the United States’ principal law enforcement agency as well as its domestic security and intelligence service.

Key Takeaways

  1. CBI stands for Central Bureau of Investigation and is the premier investigating agency of India. In contrast, the FBI stands for Federal Bureau of Investigation and is the domestic intelligence and security service of the United States.
  2. CBI investigates cases related to corruption, economic offenses, and special crimes, while the FBI investigates cases related to terrorism, espionage, and cybercrime.
  3. CBI operates under the Ministry of Personnel, Public Grievances, and Pensions, while the FBI operates under the jurisdiction of the Department of Justice.

CBI vs FBI

CBI stands for Central Bureau of Investigation and is the premier criminal investigation agency of India that investigates violations of central laws and organized crime. FBI means Federal Bureau of Investigation and is the principal federal law enforcement body of the United States.

CBI vs FBI
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The Central Bureau of Investigation (CBI) is India’s premier criminal investigation agency.

Personnel, Public Grievances and Pension Department are in charge of overseeing it (India); as a result of its expansion in 1965, it now investigates violations of central laws enforced by the Indian government as well as multi-state organised crime, as well as instances involving several agencies or jurisdictions.

It handles the most complicated cases across with its top agents at work. 

The Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI) is the country’s principal federal law enforcement body and the country’s domestic intelligence and security service handling top-notch cases under its influence.

The FBI, like the CIA, has a limited domestic mission, but it may and does conduct clandestine operations abroad, which need collaboration among government agencies.

Comparison Table

Parameters of Comparison CBIFBI
Stands forCentral Bureau InvestigationFederal Bureau Investigation
Defines asThe Central Bureau of Investigation (CBI) is India’s main investigative agency. It is considered the best investigative agency for high profile cases with top-notch agents. The Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI) is the country’s principal federal law enforcement body and the country’s domestic intelligence and security service handling top-notch cases under its influence.
MottoIndustry, Impartiality, and IntegrityFidelity, bravery, and integrity
Formed in19421908
HeadquartersNew Delhi, IndiaWashington DC, United States
PrioritiesTo investigate a variety of financial offences, specific crimes, corruption cases, and other matters.To look into the counter-terrorism, counter-intelligence, and criminal investigation agencies.

What is CBI?

The Central Bureau of Investigation (CBI) is India’s premier criminal investigation agency.

Personnel, Public Grievances and Pension Department are in charge of overseeing it (India); as a result of its expansion in 1965, it now investigates violations of central laws enforced by the Indian government as well as multi-state organised crime, as well as instances involving several agencies or jurisdictions.

It handles the most complicated cases across with its top agents at work. It works with high-profile cases that are out of the hands of the normal police force. It has the most dominant and intelligent agents in its force to investigate.

The CBI is a reputed investigative agency in India with the capacity to handle complex cases, and it was asked to help with murder, abduction, and terrorist investigations. Based on petitions submitted by aggrieved parties, the Supreme Court and several High Courts throughout the nation have begun directing such probes to the CBI.

This division was created in 1987 along with others like it: Special Crime, Economic Offense and Policy and International Police Cooperation.

The Anti-Corruption division was formed in 1987 together with other departments to control corruption and its policies. CBI is trusted as the most eligible and top-notch agency for dealing with high-level cases.

It has a higher authority of permissions granted by the Government of India to investigate the deep parts of the cases.  

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What is FBI?

The Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI) is responsible for enforcing federal law and investigating a wide range of crimes, including terrorism, cybercrime, white-collar crime, public corruption, civil rights abuses, and other significant offences.

The Department of Justice of the United States of America is responsible for overseeing the FBI.

The FBI is a major counter-terrorism, counter-intelligence, and criminal investigation agency in the United States, with authority over more than 200 federal crime categories.

The Bureau of Investigation, known as the BOI or BI, was founded in 1908. The J. Edgar Hoover Building in Washington, D.C., serves as the FBI’s headquarters.

The BOI was connected to the Bureau of Prohibition the next year, 1933, and renamed the Division of Investigation (DOI); in 1935, it became a separate organization under the Department of Justice.

The name of the agency was changed from the Division of Investigation to the Federal Bureau of Investigation in the same year (FBI).

Despite its domestic focus, the FBI maintains a significant overseas presence, with 60 Legal Attache (LEGAT) operations and 15 sub-offices in US embassies around the world all over the world.

In most cases, these foreign offices are employed to collaborate with other countries’ security services and do not engage in any unilateral actions within the host countries. FBI agents are given more importance when it comes to complex cases. 

fbi

Main Differences Between CBI and FBI

  1. The CBI stands for Central Bureau Investigation, whereas the FBI stands for Federal Bureau Investigation.
  2. The Central Bureau of Investigation (CBI) is India’s main investigative agency. It is considered a power force with top intelligent agents, while The Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI) is the country’s principal federal law enforcement body and the country’s domestic intelligence and security service handling top-notch cases under its influence.
  3. CBI was formed in 1941, whereas the FBI was formed in 1908.
  4. The motto of CBI is Industry, Impartiality, and Integrity, whereas the motto of FBI is Fidelity, bravery, and integrity.
  5. The headquarters of CBI is in New Delhi, whereas the Headquarters of the FBI is in Washington DC, U.S.
  6. The priorities of the CBI are to investigate a variety of financial offences, specific crimes, corruption cases, and other matters, whereas the priority of the FBI is to look into counter-terrorism, counter-intelligence, and criminal investigation agencies.
References
  1. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Central_Bureau_of_Investigation
  2. https://de.wikipedia.org/wiki/Federal_Bureau_of_Investigation

Last Updated : 29 August, 2023

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