Difference Between Federal Government and National Government

There is a lot of confusion between the same words. There is a lot of misconception created among the group of people that the federal government and national government are quite similar as they both perform the same function.


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Key Takeaways

  1. The federal government operates in a system where power is divided between central and regional authorities.
  2. National government encompasses all levels of government in a country, including federal, state, and local.
  3. Federal systems promote power distribution and protect regional interests, whereas national government seeks to unify and govern an entire nation.

Federal Government vs National Government

The difference between federal and national governments is that the federal government is a kind of government that a country can take. On the other hand, the national government is the top level of government in the country. The national government is a part of the federal government.

Federal government vs National government

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Federal is defined as something related to a government that joint a general government with the regional government in one political system.

A national government maintains the national army of the country. It has the strength to control over state or maintain foreign policy and have the power to collect taxes from the people.


Comparison Table

Parameter of Comparison Federal Government National Government 
Meaning It is defined as a system with some features of the central government and some state government features.It is defined as government authority that has the power for the whole nation.
Division In the federal government, works are split-up between the local and state government.The national government gives orders to the local and state government.
Control  In the federal government, state and local governments can work freely.The central or national government has full control of the nation.
Power In the federal government, power is divided among the local and state governments.The central government has the full power to change the law, collecting tax, declaring war, and many other powers.
Judiciary The federal government cannot change the law of the country.The national government can change the law or can declare any law invalid.


What is the Federal Government?

A federal government is defined as a government system that has the features of the central government and has some features of state governments or units. In the federal government, power is shared with the national government; both governments can do their work freely.

It is a system of split up the power between the local government and the central government, which is connected directly to the national government.

 It is a systematic body with a specific constitution in which area of the public life the national government control over and which area of public life the state government will take over.

The rules and regulation made by the federal system of the country set up the limit for the national government to several areas such as providing money to defense, collecting of taxes, regulating commerce, creating the currency of the country, building post offices and post roads, granting patents, creating of lower courts in the country, borrowing money on credit and declaring war.

federal government

What is the National Government?

The national government can also be called the central government of a country. Powerful and influential people who take part in the governance of a State such as the monarch of England, the prime minister, the president, or maybe the vice-president of a country form part of the national government. This government concerns with the issues of jurisdiction of the whole country.

The national government’s laws cannot be repealed until the unless national law former called the law invalid and the law is carried out in the state or other forms of government.

The responsibility given to the national government, which is not provided to the state government or local government, is maintaining national securities, the right to sign binding treaties exercising international diplomacy.

national government

Main Differences Between Federal Government and National Government

  1. Both national and federal governments have the power to rule the country, but the national government is part of the federal government.
  2. The federal government split up the power between the local government and the state government. On the other hand, the national government has all the power to control the country, and both state and local governments have to follow the guidelines.

  1. https://www.jstor.org/stable/1119547
  2. https://www.journals.uchicago.edu/doi/pdfplus/10.1086/scr.1977.3109515
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