There is a lot of confusion between the same words. There is a lot of misconception created among the group of people that the federal government and national government are quite similar as they both perform the same function. Well, let me make this clear that federal and national governments are unlike each other.
Federal Government vs National Government
The difference between federal and national governments is that the federal government is a kind of government that a country can take. On the other hand, the national government is the top level of government in the country. The national government is a part of the federal government.
Federal is defined as something related to a government that joint a general government with the regional government in one political system. It is a form of government in which the state acknowledges the central government’s power but keeps certain state-level government powers.
We can define the National government as the government or political authority with the whole nation’s power. A national government maintains the national army of the country. It has the strength to control over state or maintain foreign policy and have the power to collect taxes from the people.
Comparison Table Between Federal Government and National Government
|Parameter of Comparison||Federal Government||National Government|
|Meaning||It is defined as a system with some features of the central government and some state government features.||It is defined as government authority that has the power for the whole nation.|
|Division||In the federal government, works are split-up between the local and state government.||The national government gives orders to the local and state government.|
|Control||In the federal government, state and local governments can work freely.||The central or national government has full control of the nation.|
|Power||In the federal government, power is divided among the local and state governments.||The central government has the full power to change the law, collecting tax, declaring war, and many other powers.|
|Judiciary||The federal government cannot change the law of the country.||The national government can change the law or can declare any law invalid.|
What is the Federal Government?
A federal government is defined as a government system that has the features of the central government and has some features of state governments or units. In the federal government, power is shared with the national government; both governments can do their work freely. In simple words, in a federal government, the national government is on the top level.
It is a system of split up the power between the local government and the central government, which is connected directly to the national government. The local government controls some areas of the country, and the federal government controls some.
It is a systematic body with a specific constitution in which area of the public life the national government control over and which area of public life the state government will take over.
The rules and regulation made by the federal system of the country set up the limit for the national government to several areas such as providing money to defense, collecting of taxes, regulating commerce, creating the currency of the country, building post offices and post roads, granting patents, creating of lower courts in the country, borrowing money on credit and declaring war.
What is the National Government?
The national government can also be called the central government of a country. Powerful and influential people who take part in the governance of a State such as the monarch of England, the prime minister, the president, or maybe the vice-president of a country form part of the national government. This important State personnel performs several functions in the capacity of the representative or head of the state. It also consists of a law-making body and the judiciary and other branches of a specific country’s government. This government concerns with the issues of jurisdiction of the whole country.
The national government’s law is very big and has departments and offices that are planned for public services, and the resources are vast enough to accommodate each citizen of that country. The national government’s laws cannot be repealed until the unless national law former called the law invalid and the law is carried out in the state or other forms of government.
The responsibility given to the national government, which is not provided to the state government or local government, is maintaining national securities, the right to sign binding treaties exercising international diplomacy. It has the power to make the law for the whole country, and all the lower-level governments have to follow it.
Main Differences Between Federal Government and National Government
- Both national and federal governments have the power to rule the country, but the national government is part of the federal government.
- The federal government split up the power between the local government and the state government. On the other hand, the national government has all the power to control the country, and both state and local governments have to follow the guidelines.
- The national government has the power to build the law for each citizen of the country. On the other hand, the federal government does not have such power.
- The national government has high governance and the president, vice-president, prime minister, and other members who work together for the country. On the other hand, the federal government shares power with the national government, and the two work freely.
- In the federal government, works are distributed by the local government. On the other hand, the national government has all the capacity to make a decision for the country.
As there is a lot of difference between federal and national governments, it is clearly understood that they are very much different from each other. The national government is also considering to be a part of the federal government.
As the main difference between federal and national governments has been pointed out, we can tell that they have different work features. The national government can change the law or declare any law invalid for the country; this system is more like the ruling.