Difference Between Government and Politics

People more often confuse between Governmental decisions and political actions. Both can result in welfare or hardship for its surroundings depending on the people who hold the powers. 

So they are co-related bodies of the society.  

Government vs Politics

The difference Between Government and Politics is that Government is a management or an administrative system that is, built for people. Whereas, Politics can be an individual or on the mass level. It is made, to follow an ideology that is not always necessary for betterment.   

Government vs Politics

Government is an authority that leads, administrate, and manages the people of the selected region. It takes decisions, applies and changes them for the masses. Whereas a political party can be created to share communal problems, religious sentiments, office rivalries, educational rights, or anything that the group has the same thoughts about.  

Educational research and studies of Government and politics are known as ‘Political Science.’ 

Comparison Table

Parameter of Comparison Government Politics 
Definition A Government is a structure or an association of people regulating an administered body, such as a country or a state. Politics is an array of practices associated to distribution of an accumulation or supremacy and taking moral decisions among the cooperatives, discrete authorities, or other such bodies. 
Category It is called as group of people. It is called as a process or an ideology. 
Formed for It is formed for mass. It is formed for mass or individual. 
Goal An administration to lead people. A community to put your views forth. 
Leadership Leadership is for a country or society. Leadership is for an ideogram or particular motive. 
Representing Figure It can be carried by Authorized, designated, and chosen figures. It could be carried by an Authorized or an ordinary person. 
Embodies Its common embodies Executive, Legislative, Judicial. Its common embodies Liberal, Conservative,  Reactionaries, Autocracy, Radical.  
Functionality In a country, state, town, district, or region. It can be anywhere from office, academics, and religion to government. 
Jurisdiction Capable of creating, executing, and modifying jurisprudence. Involvement doesn’t always have any authorized jurisdiction abilities. 
Undertaking An undertaking is always orderly and legitimate. It can be or cannot be orderly or legitimate. 
Types Democracy, Federalism, Autocracy, Republic, Aristocracy. Democracy, Dictatorship, Communism, Republic, Monarchy. 

What is Government? 

A Government is a structure or association of people regulating an administered body that is a country or a state.

It can also be known as an authority of an assembly or multinational corporation or political entity or regional groups including, a province, town, or territory.   

The governmental body is created to lead and administrate the mass. It is the figure that is authorized, chosen, and designated to represent and head the country.

It has three embodies following executive, legislative and judicial.   

Its functionality works orderly and legitimately for overall and selective parts of the state or regions. Under which, it is capable of creating, executing, and modifying the laws.

There are several governments in the world. Democracy, Federalism, Autocracy, Republic, and Aristocracy are a few of them. For example, India is a democratic country. 


What is Politics? 

Politics is an array of practices associated with the distribution of an accumulation or supremacy and taking moral decisions among the cooperatives, discrete authorities, or other such bodies.

It is an ideology formed with a goal to put their communal issues forth. It can be made for masses or with an individual motive.   

The known embodies as follows: liberal, conservatives, reactionaries, autocracy, radical. The undertaking doesn’t always have an authorized jurisdiction.

The system can take place anywhere in the world in the legal or illegal form. It does not need to be an authority to take political actions as it also involves an ordinary person.  

Mainly parties are divided into Democracy, Dictatorship, Communism, Republic, and Monarchy. There are political parties in the world working for welfare; they’re organized and legitimate.

Politics does the crucial work of putting the issues in front of the government. For example, the Social Democratic and Labour Party in the UK is a democratic political party. 


Main Differences Between Government and Politics  

  1. For the betterment of society, the Government is a group of people working together. Whereas, Politics is the process that is held for taking decisions.  
  2. The governmental body leads to a country or a society. Whereas, Politics leads to an ideology or a motive.  
  3. Without the regime, society will become weak as it needs a leader to progress. Also, it needs a political party to put forth its issues.  
  4. The representing figure of Government is an authority or an elected personality. On the other hand, a Political figure can also be approved as well as an ordinary person.  
  5. Government has executive, legislative, and judicial embodies, whereas, Politics has a liberal, a conservative, the reactionaries, an autocracy, and the radical embodies.  
  6. Governmental functionalities work in a country, state, town, district, or region. On the contrary, political functionalities work anywhere from office, academics, religion to government body.  
  7. Government has the power to create, execute, and modify jurisprudence. Conversely, Politics doesn’t always have authorized jurisdiction.  
  8. The undertaking of governmental actions is always organized and legitimate. But, when it comes to politics, it can or cannot be. 
Difference Between Government and Politics


  1. https://ghnet.guelphhumber.ca/files/course_outlines/AHSS_2250__Chris_Irwin_W13.pdf  
  2. https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0014292198001317  
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