Difference Between Policy and Politics

Every organization has one main motive of becoming the best one and better than before. For the purpose of achieving this goal, an organization or even individuals adhere to different policies.

These policies help them in making decisions. Along with policies, there are different ways adopted in implementing, which involves Politics.

Policy vs Politics

The main difference between Policy and Politics is that Policy is basically a guide or a set of rules, and politics is the actual practice of governing. There are different policies for different organizations, nations, areas, and businesses that need to be followed. Similarly, there are different techniques adopted in Politics.

Policy vs Politics

Policy refers to certain courses, principles, or rules and regulations which have been adopted in the past or proposed by any individual, group, organization, or nation.

It is mandatory for every individual who is a part of the involved organization or area to accept and follow these Policies.

Politics refers to certain methods or activities that are implemented for governing any group, organization, or nation. There is no set of rules or methods that need to be adopted in Politics.

It completely depends on the organization, association, situation, and last but not least- choice of the individuals.

Comparison Table Between Policy and Politics

Parameters of ComparisonPolicyPolitics
MeaningPolicy is a principle adopted or proposed by an individual, organization or association.Politics refers to the activities or methods implemented by individuals associated with the governance of any organization or nation.
ReferencePolicy refers to a plan or guide.Politics refers to authority or Power.
ActivityIt is a set of Principles.It is the process of implementing various policies.
ExistenceThey exist as a piece of document.It is exercised by people.
PhenomenonIt mostly involves Theory.It mostly involves Practice.

What is Policy?

In simple terms, a Policy is a certain course, principle, or action which has been adopted previously or proposed by an individual, association, or organization.

Policies often display a certain sense of commitment to a particular purpose. These policies need to be accepted and followed by every individual who is a part of that particular association or organization, or nation. 

The term derived its name from “Policie”- an Old French word, “politia”- a Late Latin word, and “politeia”- an Ancient Greek.

The policy is a purposeful and intended system of principles to guide several public sector organizations and groups, government, or even individual decisions and achieve cogent results. 

Policies are a statement of intent which are meant to be put in action or implemented during a specific period. These policies are usually meant for protection and punishment, overall betterment of a particular organization.

Policy study refers to the process of generating new policies, focusing on important decision making, planning, setting goals, and searching for alternative plans or policies. Policies are important for development.

This is why it is more important than a policy is important. In a democracy, certain policies can be revoked by signing petitions and taking necessary actions.

What is Politics?

In simple words, Politics are a set of activities associated with the process of decision making. This process takes place in groups, several types of power connection between individuals, like settlements and acquisition.

The term politics is used in reference to Authority or Power and also Political Solution. 

A ‘Political Solution’ is a method that involves nonviolence, bargain and compromise. This is a solution that an authority or both the parties come up with to avoid feud, violence, and further loss.

The solution is beneficial to both parties. Politics is nearly a part of every social association on all social levels.

Be it friends, family, workplace, group, state, country, or a global platform. There is a wide range of options, techniques, and methods used in politics. Some of them may not even be the correct ones.

It also involves the promotion of one’s own political views with other people on various subjects. Every political party has its own motive, agenda, opinions, and ideas.

Politics is the execution of a plan. It depends on the individual or organization, how to carry out the plan. Politics is an organizational process and an inextricable part of the government system. It is often defined as a science or art of governing or government.

Main Differences Between Policy and Politics

  1. A policy is a principle adopted or proposed by an individual, organization, or association. Whereas, Politics refers to the activities or methods implemented by individuals associated with the governance of any organization or nation.
  2. Policy refers to a plan or guide mapping the directions. Politics refers to authority or power, including public life.
  3. A policy is a set of Principles. And, Politics is an organizational process including the implementation of various policies and mind games.
  4. Policies are in existence in the form of paper. On the contrary, politics is carried out by individuals. 
  5. A policy is a supposition or a system of ideas meant for explaining a certain idea or concept, basically involving principles. Politics involves engaging in social activities by implementing principles and strategies. 
Difference Between Policy and Politics


Policies can be explained as the mechanisms that are developed for the achievement of social, political, managerial, financial, and administrative goals.

The correct policies help the organization grow and become better with time. Every organization, government, or association has involvement in Politics. No single person or association can avoid it. 

Politics refers to expressing socio-political views and opinions. It also involves manipulating decisions and performing all activities required for governing an organization or nation.

For political parties, it also involves being in the public eye. Politics as a concept has multiple definitions having multiple approaches as to what is politics and its advantages and disadvantages. Also, there are various distinctive views on whether it is good or bad. 


  1. https://www.aeaweb.org/articles?id=10.1257/aer.90.4.847
  2. https://www.klshistory.co.uk/uploads/1/1/0/4/110471535/what_is_politics.pdf
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