Difference Between Free Market Economy and Command Economy (With Table)

Factors such as supply and demand by the sellers and buyers play an important role in an economy such as a free-market economy, but this sometimes leads to misbalance and gap between the rich and poor considering there is more demand by the rich or certain products and they can afford them too and vice versa. There are different types of economy, such as command economy, to fix this gap by focusing on a social cause.

Free Market Economy vs Command Economy 

The difference between the free market economy and command economy is the factors that control it. Whereas pricing and all other factors are control by the seller and buyers in a free market economy without any interference of government, but the command economy is fully controlled by the government without any interference of any other eternal factors.

A Free Market economy is where sellers and buyers play a major role in price determination and other major decisions such as investment and production. It is left alone from any government regulations. This type of market targets earning and maximizing profit. This type doesn’t follow business ethics strictly.

Command Economy is where demand and supply don’t play any role, but the government or the central authority controls the economy. The decision regarding investment and production is taken by the government only. The main aim or motive of this type of economy is social welfare and fulfill the macroeconomics objectives.

Comparison Table Between Free Market Economy and Command Economy

Parameters of ComparisonFree Market EconomyCommand Economy
DefinitionThe Market where sellers and buyers determined the price.The Market is fully controlled by the government.
Government RegulationNo or very less government regulation.Fully regulated by the government.
Natural ResourcesThere are more misuses of natural resources.No misuse of natural resources.
DevelopmentThis type encourages innovation and development.This however does not encourage such development.
EthicsPoor business ethicsHigh business ethics

What is Free Market Economy?

A Free Market economy is where there is no involvement of the government, and all the prices are determined by the demand and supply, i.e., by the sellers and the buyers.


  1. This is the economy that is privately owned by individuals or private companies.
  2. There is the presence of financial institutions which help individuals by lending resources and later gain profits by charging interests.
  3. There is freedom and democracy of participation; anyone can produce how much they want in this type of economy.


  1. Consumer demand and choice are given priority. Only goods are produced which are preferred by the consumers.
  2. The absence of government interference results in more innovations, and producers do not have to take permission before making any changes or developing by being more innovative.
  3. There is more competition in this economy, resulting in better quality in production.
  4. There is more demand which ultimately results in higher profits for the suppliers or producers.
  5. Resources are allocated in a good manner as producers bear any cost for the quality of raw materials.


  1. There is a high chance of exploitation of humans and natural resources as no interference of government.
  2. Their main motive is profit earning which sometimes results in using inferior quality of raw materials to save the cost/expenses.

What is Command Economy?

Command Economy is the type where everything is determined and controlled by the government.


  1. It is considered an economic plan set by the central authorities.
  2. Government plays a major role. From allocating resources to deciding prices, everything is under the control of the central authority.
  3. Certain laws and amendments are followed to make sure resources are distributed equally.
  4. There is no domestic competition but is a monopoly of the government.


  1. This leads to social development; quality of life is improved as the main focus is the betterment of society.
  2. In this type of economy, the least amount of natural resources are exploited as the government keeps a check on every activity.
  3. This leads to fill the gap between rich and poor and make people come above the BPL.
  4. Government makes sure there is no or less unemployment present in this type of economy by providing them employment.


  1. Demand is not given preferences; hence production is done as decided by the government, not the consumer.
  2. There is no innovation development in this type of economy.
  3. Central authority takes more time to strategize things and make the decision which further results in awful decision making and terrible strategies.

Main Differences Between Free Market Economy and Command Economy

  1. Factors demand and supply play a major role in deciding and determining the decisions in the Free Market economy, but only government plays a role in deciding and making decisions in a command economy.
  2. There is no or minimum government regulation included in the free market economy as the command economy is controlled by the government regulations are implied.
  3. The main motive of the free market economy is profit earning and maximizing, but the main motive of the Command Economy is the social and economic welfare of the country.
  4. Consumer preference plays an important role in the free market economy as it is given priority, but in a Command Economy, consumer preference is not taken into consideration. Every decision is taken by the government.
  5. Resources are not distributed equally, creating a gap between rich and poor in the free market economy, whereas resources are distributed equally, terminating any such gaps.
  6. There is a constant endeavor for more innovation development in the free market economy, but no such development and innovation take place in the command economy.


Both of the above economies have similar factors such as consumers, sellers, services, goods, and services. Both of them have their separate objectives. One of the major issue rising is the depletion of the natural resource, where economies such as Free Market economy tends to misuse more natural resource, but then this issue is taken under control in the command economy. All the economies differentiate based on how the goods are produced and who should produce the goods. The economics needs to take care of certain aspects such as consumer rights, rights of producers, and regulations by the government.


  1. https://www.jstor.org/stable/41653738
  2. https://www.jstor.org/stable/41653738
  3. https://link.springer.com/chapter/10.1007/978-1-349-20863-0_8
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