Future Value vs Present Value: Difference and Comparison

There’s a common misconception that understanding the time worth of money is beyond the capabilities of small company owners.

A company owner utilizes future value and present value all the time, whether he knows it or not. According to this basic principle, money in your pocket now is worth more than the same amount earned in the future.

Key Takeaways

  1. Future value calculates the worth of an investment or cash flow at a specific time in the future, considering interest or growth.
  2. The present value measures the current worth of a future sum of money, discounted by the time value of money.
  3. Both concepts help in financial decision-making, with future value projecting potential growth and present value evaluating investment opportunities.

Future Value vs Present Value

The difference between Future Value and Present Value is that the former refers to the value of future cash flows after a specific future time, while the latter refers to the present value of future cash flows. The future value of an amount of money is the worth of that quantity of money at a specific future date. This is a notional value. On the other hand, present value refers to the current value of future cash flows discounted at a special rate.

Future Value vs Present Value

What an item or money will be worth at some point in the future is called its future value. Because this is a nominal value, no discount factors are involved, and thus no inflation adjustments are made.

According to the provided interest rate, this number approximates the entire profit from an investment.

The present value of future money streams at a particular return rate is the current worth of the money streams’ future sum.

Present limiting future incomes at a foreordained rebate rate that yields the current worth. Financial backers utilize this worth to look at the revenues created from different resources over the long haul.

Comparison Table

Parameters Of ComparisonFuture ValuePresent Value
DefinitionIt is characterized as the current worth of future incomes after a specific future time. This is the money-related sum that will be gotten some time, not too far off.The current worth of a future income is characterized as its present worth. It is basically the measure of cash on your own on the present date.
Time FrameIt is the asset’s or investment’s value at the conclusion of a certain time period.It is the worth of a thing or speculation at the initiation of a time frame.
Inflation EffectIt is included.It is not included.
Rates ApplicableOnly the interest rate is used when estimating future value.The discount and interest rates are included when computing the present value.
CalculationCompounding is utilized to decide the future worth of each income after a specific time span, and afterward, these qualities are assembled to decide the speculation’s future worth.When calculating the present value, the discount factor is used to determine the present value of each cash flow, and then all of these values are put together to get the investment’s current value.

What is Future Value?

The future value may be defined as the asset’s or cash’s value at a certain future date, and that amount will be equivalent in value to a specified quantity in the present.

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The future value formula is important in the world of finance. It serves as the foundation for the majority of key valuation methods used to determine the worth of a business.

The DCF method is used to evaluate a business or any other order asset class that produces a given amount of cash and is anticipated to continue producing cash for a certain future time by discounting the cash flow that is predicted to be produced in the future.

The future worth of a thing or an amount of cash is the value of the resource or amount of money at a predefined future date.

Since this is an apparent worth, it doesn’t contain any expansion changes. For example, there are no rebate factors included.

This number is the best guess of the absolute profit from speculation dependent on a specific financing cost. The accompanying two formulae might be utilized to decide the future worth.

FV = PV (1+rt) for simple interest

FV = (1+i)t in the case of compound interest.

Where PV means Present Value, FV signifies Future Value, I signify Rate of Return, and t is Investment Period.

What is Present Value?

The current worth of a future measure of cash streams at a specific pace of return is its present worth. The current value of a resource might be determined by limiting future incomes at a special rate.

This worth empowers financial backers to think about the revenues produced by resources over the long haul. The accompanying recipe might be used to decide the cash stream’s current worth.

PV = FV (1 + i)-n Present Value (or)

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PV equals FV [1 (1 + i)n]

Where PV indicates Present Value, FV means Future Value, I signify Rate of Return, and n designates Investment Period.

The idea of present value is fundamental in finance. The value that is today’s present value is called the present value.

Assume you made an investment of Rs 100 today at a 10% interest rate for a period of one year. When the year is over, the sum will be Rs110.

The Rs 100 you are investing now is referred to as the present value of the Rs 110 you will have in the future. That which will be valuable in the future is what is referred to as future value.

As a result, Rs 110 represents the 10% future worth of Rs 100. Investment choices are aided by current value when looking at present value.

As a result, the present value is equal to the discounted future cash flows, which will occur at a discounted rate.

Main Differences Between Future Value and Present Value

  1. Because the future value is a predicted number, no one can depend on it completely because anything that will alter the predictions may happen in the future. On the other hand, present value is important since it is a more dependable number, one about which an analyst may be virtually confident.
  2. The future worth of an income is characterized as the worth of the payment after a specific period later on, while the current worth of a settlement is described as its present worth.
  3. Inflation is not taken into account when calculating future values, but it is when calculating current values.
  4. Only interest is included when estimating future value nevertheless, while present computing value, discount rate, and interest are considered.
  5. Because future value indicates future profits from an investment, it plays a little part in investment decision-making. Present value enables investors to comprehend and decide whether to make or reject an investment.
References
  1. https://www.journals.uchicago.edu/doi/abs/10.1086/261502
  2. https://www.elgaronline.com/downloadpdf/edcoll/9781788976862/9781788976862.00016.pdf

Last Updated : 13 July, 2023

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8 thoughts on “Future Value vs Present Value: Difference and Comparison”

  1. Understanding the difference between future value and present value is vital, and this article does a fantastic job of explaining the distinction between the two. The comparison table provided here is very insightful.

    Reply
  2. The comparison table provided here is a great tool to understand the difference between future value and present value. It makes it easier to grasp the concept through a side-by-side comparison.

    Reply
  3. The future value and present value concepts may seem complicated at first, but this article simplifies them and really helps in understanding their significance for financial decision-making.

    Reply
  4. A great article explaining the concepts of present value and future value. The information provided here is very useful for business owners to make informed financial decisions.

    Reply
  5. The concept of present value and its calculation method has been very well explained in this article. The present value helps investors compare the revenues generated by assets over time, which is crucial in financial planning.

    Reply
  6. The future value formula is indeed an important concept in finance. It lays the foundation for key valuation methods and plays a crucial role in determining the worth of a business.

    Reply
  7. It’s important for small business owners to understand the time value of money as it can greatly impact their financial decisions. This article does a great job of breaking down these concepts in a clear and concise manner.

    Reply
  8. The future value and present value concepts are fundamental for small business owners, and this article provides a solid foundation for understanding these important financial principles.

    Reply

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