Difference Between Ghee and Oil

Ghee and oil are very popular in different South Asian and Middle Eastern countries. Without these two, each food item is incomplete. By adding a few extra spices, they improve the flavor and aroma of the food. Due to many aspects, such as chemical and physical qualities, there is a significant difference between ghee and oil.

Ghee vs Oil

The main difference between ghee and oil is that ghee is clarified butter (produced due to the melting of butter). Oil, on the other hand, is a thick liquid that is a non-polar and neutral chemical compound. The oil is made from animal, plant, or sometimes synthetic fat, whereas ghee is made from the animal’s milk.

Ghee and Oil

Butter that has been clarified is known as ghee. Butter is clarified by heating it to a certain temperature. Ghee is butter that emerged in the Indus Valley and is popular in India and the Middle East. It is used in a number of Indian and Middle Eastern dishes. It’s also used in a variety of religious ceremonies and traditional remedies.

Oil is a viscous liquid that exists only in a liquid state at all times. It’s a chemical molecule that’s non-polar and neutral at the same time. Hydrocarbons are the building blocks of oil (entities of hydrogen and carbon). Another name for it is “hydrophobic compound” (a compound that does not get mixed with water).

Comparison Table Between Ghee and Oil

Parameters of ComparisonGhee Oil
DefinitionGhee is made from a form of butter that has been boiled at a high temperature.It’s a viscous liquid having a chemical composition that’s both neutral and non-polar.
Made FromIt’s prepared with cow’s milk.Animal, plant, and inorganic fats are used to make it.
BurnIt is more easily burned than oil.It does not burn as quickly as ghee.
StabilityIt is not as sturdy as oil.It has higher stability than ghee.
DurabilityIt cannot be stored for a prolonged period of time.It can be kept for a long period of time.

What is Ghee?

Ghee, often known as “clarified butter,” is a type of clarified butter prepared from cow’s milk. Prepared by heating butter in a vessel at a low temperature. The oil escapes from the butter when it commences to melt and boil. In the vessel, the oil is strained, and the remainder is dumped.

After filtering the oil obtained by melting the pale yellow butter, the ghee is ready to use. Ghee comes from the Indus Valley and is utilized in a variety of foods, rituals, and traditional remedies. In some places, extra species are employed throughout the ghee preparation process.

The texture, fragrance, and taste of ghee are only a few of the characteristics that determine its quality. These qualities are determined by the quality of butter used, the quality of the milk used, and the length of time the butter was boiled. Ghee is highly valued in Hinduism and Buddhism, among other religions. Ghee is utilized in Hindu ceremonies such as weddings and funerals.

On auspicious days like Janmashtami, the murtis are worshiped with ghee, mishri, honey, and dahi, according to the Vedic yajna. Many cuisines in the Indian subcontinent use ghee, such as Puran Poli (a Maharashtrian meal), Baati (a Rajasthani dish), ghee on top of roti, ghee on top of dosa, and Kesari bhath, among many more.

What is Oil?

Oil is a viscous liquid that is neutral and non-polar in nature and is regarded as a viscous liquid at room temperature. Plant, animal, and synthetic fats are used to make the oil. Oil is used in a variety of ways in everyday life and in the home, such as baking, cooking, frying, and so on.

Oil is a liquid that is both hydrophobic and lipophobic. Liquids that are hydrophobic do not dissolve in water, making them “water haters,” but lipophobic liquids do dissolve in oils, making them “fat lovers.” At a normal temperature, the oil is always liquid. There are two types of oil: volatile and non-volatile.

There are many different types of oils with varied applications, such as olive oil for cooking, heating oil for heating, mineral oil for medical purposes, and motor oil for lubrication. Oil is used to make a variety of goods such as plastic, paints, and other materials.

Two processes are used to make cooking oil. The oil is extracted in the first step from the seeds, nuts, and fruit. After the oil is extracted, it is refined, which helps to change some of its features, such as appearance, texture, smell, and flavor.

Main Differences Between Ghee and Oil

  1. Ghee is described as “clarified butter,” whereas oil is a neutral, nonpolar chemical molecule.
  2. Ghee is made from cow’s milk, while the oil is manufactured from animal, plant, and synthetic fats,
  3. Mono-saturated fat, poly-saturated fat, and trans fat are all found in ghee. Oil, on the other hand, is abundant in anti-oxidants and vitamins such as A, D, K, and E.
  4. If the temperature decreases, the ghee will freeze, but the oil will not.
  5. Ghee has a limited shelf life and can’t be kept for lengthy periods of time, whereas oil has a long shelf life and can be kept for a long time.


The main ingredients in the cooking process are ghee and oil. They enhance the flavor of the food. Ghee and oil are essential in an Indian kitchen. Chapattis, curries, and dals are just a few of the recipes that employ ghee. Salad dressings, pasta, and other baked goods contain the oil.

Ghee is regarded as healthier than oil, and it is recommended that ghee should be used more frequently than oil. Both ghee and oil are amazing, and each has its own set of benefits. Ghee is known as the “perfect cooking oil” because of its powerful healing powers. Because of its mild flavor, ghee is beneficial for digestion. The oil is considered heavy and has been linked to indigestion, clogged arteries, and a variety of other health issues.


  1. https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3557004/
  2. https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/abs/10.1080/10942912.2018.1505755
  3. https://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/s13197-015-1911-3
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