Difference Between Global and International

As days pass and people unveil new opportunities the world is getting closer. All of this has led to globalization in the modern world.


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Two terms that are often commonly heard while talking in this aspect are global and international. People often tend to confuse these two terms on the basis of the exposure they provide in today’s world.

Key Takeaways

  1. Global and International are terms used to describe things on a large scale.
  2. Global refers to something that involves the entire world as a whole.
  3. International refers to something that involves multiple countries or nations.

Global vs International

The difference between global and international is that in case of global concern the entire world comes together as a single nation and revolves around the issue at concern, whereas in the case of international concern only the countries in conflict or dilemma get together in order to resolve the concerning issue.

Global vs International

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Global is a term that is applicable when the entire world is at concern. It provides a large scope of opportunities in several fields and areas as it is globally concerned.

A company is said to be global when it has several branches all over the world and they promote export and import of goods and services all over the globe. International is a term that is only applicable when two or more countries are at concern.

It proves lesser opportunities as it has a smaller scope as only two or more countries are in concern.

Comparison Table

Parameter of ComparisonGlobalInternational
DefineIt implies worldwideIt is implied when two or more countries are at concern
AspectIt has a larger scopeIt has a much smaller scope
SynonymWorldwide and  universalForeign and multinational
ApplicationIt is applicable for the whole worldIt is applicable for two or more countries
PresenceFew companies or brands are globalLarge number of countries are international

What is Global?

The term “global” is an adjective. It signifies the entire earth and not just one or two regions.

The term globe was originated from the term “globe” another word for the earth. In recent times the use and implication of the term global has drastically increased, as the world gets more connected globally.

It is a synonym for the term “worldwide” and “universal”. Terms such as global studies, global warming, global economy are highly heard everywhere around the corner.

It signifies the action that takes place all over the world and not just in two or more than two countries. The economic order has been transformed into a big giant global space, whereas the economies of various countries of the world integrate within the institution of increasing their material wealth with the help of competition and specialization over a word platform.

In easier words, it means the integration of different nations into a single unit. When a company as a brand goes global it means they have branches and offices in several countries, along with these products being distributed worldwide.

Being global also increases the rate of opportunities in several aspects. It also involves taking care or handling issues that have affected the world as a whole, such as global warming.

These issues might not be resolved by a country singlehandedly by the entire world as a single unit, together.


What is International?

International is an adjective meaning “between nations”. It is a term coined by Jeremy Bentham.

The term international means two or more than two nations. But often it is used as a synonym for the terms “foreign” and “foreigner”.

Hence it is usually used in reference to places where two or more countries are concerned. International signifies interaction between countries regardless of their national boundaries.

They only affect the countries that are in concern and not the other countries all over the world. They are generally small issues.

There are international treaties, international language, international laws, international sports and tournaments, and international trade. International trade involves only two or more countries and import and export of merchandise take place between them.

International is comparatively much smaller than global. Also when there is an international conflict between two or more countries, only the countries at concern deals with it.

As international is a much smaller aspect hence it also provides lesser opportunities.


Main Differences Between Global and International

  1. It is a global aspect when the entire world is at concern on the contrary it is an international aspect when two or more countries are at concern.
  2. Global has a larger scope in all aspects at it is in concern with the entire world, whereas international has a much smaller scope and considerably smaller exposure.
  3. The term global is also used as a synonym for the terms “worldwide and “universal”. However, in the case of international terms such as “foreigner” or “multinational” are used.
  4. The term global is applicable to the entire world however, the term international is only applicable to certain countries.
  5. Only a few companies are global as it is not possible for most of the countries to establish an office or export and import goods and services in all parts of the world. Whereas a large number of companies are international as companies having an office or exporting goods and services to more than one country is international
Difference Between Global and International
  1. https://eclass.aegean.gr/modules/document/file.php/SA200/Appadurai%201991.pdf
  2. https://ideas.repec.org/b/cup/cbooks/9780521182935.html
  3. https://books.google.com/books?hl=en&lr=&id=33BSkFV_8PEC&oi=fnd&pg=PR7&dq=international&ots=lqOraOCIn6&sig=RDWENmFSJM9hmtWZQwHEtxkETrc
  4. https://trid.trb.org/view/453399
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