Difference Between Global Warming and Acid Rain

Rain is God’s favour to the earthly speciesRainfall occurs on the land in the form of infinite water drops. It is useful in providing water for all to survive animals and plants. The overabundance of flora and human resources is dangerous, as it is destroyed by a flood. If rainfall is reduced, the plants will dry up, causing drought and global warming. On the one hand, rainfall is vital for life’s sustainability; but on the other, it leads acid rain to be destroyed. Let’s investigate acid rain and global warming in detail and compare and contrast them.

Global Warming vs Acid Rain

The main difference between Global warming and Acid rain is when the Earth is hot and gas like carbon dioxide is released into the atmosphere, global warming takes place, whereas Acid rain is droppings of water with chemicals such as nitrogen oxide and sulfur dioxide. Global warming is caused by ozone layer degradation and acid rain is generated by sulfur dioxide produced from power plants, and the combustion of fuels, which adds to the air.

Global Warming vs Acid Rain

Global warming is an every-minute phenomenon that leads to a gradual rise in the general climate of the Earth. Global warming, created by greenhouse gases that trap atmospheric solar radiation, might transform the world map, move places, flood numerous countries, and kill many types of life. The effect of global warming, but it is not a comprehensive consequence, is that of severe weather. Global warming has practically unlimited impacts, which are dangerous for life on earth.

Acid rain is produced by pollutants into the atmosphere. Whenever a sort of fuel is burned, a range of chemicals is generated. Smoke from a fire or fumes from a car exhaust contains more than just the obvious sooty grey bits; they also contain several unseen gases that can be far more detrimental to our environment.

Comparison Table Between Global Warming and Acid Rain

Parameters of ComparisonGlobal WarmingAcid Rain
DefinitionGlobal warming refers to an increase in the earth’s climate system’s average temperature.Acid rain refers to any kind of rain or rain that contains high levels of H+ ions or low pH, includes snow, fog, rainwater, and dull.
Causes1-Ultraviolet Rays
2-Green House Effect
t3-Using Fossil Fuels
1-Volcanic Emissions
2-Biological Processes
Impact 1-Risk to some ecosystem
2-Negative effects for some regions.
1-Toxification of soil.
2-Degradation of plant chlorophyll.
IndicatorsHumidity, Temperature over oceans, sea level, and many more.Mosses are good indicators of acid rain. Ex- Neckera Crispa
Ways to reduce1-Stop the use of fossil fuels, especially coal, oil, and gas.
2-Create new electricity sources.
1- do not consume gas (carbon dioxide, natural gas)
2- Plantation of trees.

What is Global Warming?

Global warming is a hazardous impact on our environment now. The rising of global warming causes quick Modernization, population growth, and pollution. The rise of the Earth’s average surface temperature over the last decade alludes to global warming. It disrupts the ecosystem of the globe as a whole, which is why global warming is harmful. This leads to flooding, starvation, storms, and other problems. This warming has multiple causes and outcomes and is a hazard to life on the planet.

With various natural occurrences occurring throughout the world impacting each live creature, the indication of global warming is already apparent.

Industrialization, urbanization, deforestation, advanced human activities are the most obvious reason for global warming. These human activities have resulted in increased carbon dioxide, nitrogen oxides, methane, as well as other greenhouse emissions.

Global warming is an alarming issue that has a major effect on life. Severe global warming leads to natural disasters, which are very obvious. The high emission of greenhouse gases on the ground surface is among the reasons for global warming, which leads to a rise in temperatures. Likewise, volcanoes result in global since they spray too much CO2 into the air. The population growth is among the major drivers of global warming. This demographic rise also leads to air pollution. Cars release a lot of CO2, which is still trapped in the ground.

What is Acid Rain?

Acid Rain contains rich in acidic pollutants, in particular sulphuric and nitric acid, rainfall, snowfall, hailstorm, mist. Acid Rain is created mostly by releases from different sources of sulfur and nitrogen oxide. They respond to the production of acids with water molecules in the atmosphere. With rapid population development and industrialization, the Acid Rain issue has not only escalated but has also grown dangerous. In effect, the application of large chimneys on a shipyard factory helped disseminate acid rain to the environment by emitting gas.

Types of Acid Rain:

Wet disposition: When acid is fallen into the surface as rain, snowfall, mist, it eliminates acid from the air and places it on the land. This acid impacts a huge number of plants, animals, and water lives when it travels through the soil. Aquatic ecosystems can be affected by rainwater from drainage into the sources of water, such as canals and rivers, which are then blended into seawater.

Dry deposition: When acidic contaminants merge to dust or smoke and smoke, they attach to the earth as well as other surfaces like buildings, automobiles, houses, plants, and landmarks as dry particles.  Acidic pollutants propagate via dry deposition in the atmosphere.

Natural and human sources are the primary causes of acid rain. However, the causes of Acid Rain are mainly related to the combustion by sulfur dioxide (SO2), and NO2 releases in the air of fossil fuels.

Main Differences Between Global Warming and Acid Rain

  1. Global warming refers to an increase in temperatures of the Earth’s climate, whilst Acid rain refers to any rain, which comprises high or low pH and H+ ions.
  2. Global warming is caused by UV  rays, environmental pollution, and the usage of fossil fuels, whereas acid rain is caused by air eruptions, biological processes, and thunder.
  3. Global warming has a negative impact on some ecosystems, on soil, and on plants whereas Acid rain has a negative impact on some environments and on some places.
  4. Global warming indicators include moisture, temperature over oceans, ocean level, and many others, whereas acid rain indicators include mosses.
  5. Stopping the use of fossil fuels, particularly coal, oil, and gas, can help to reduce global warming, while not using carbon dioxide, natural gas, and planting trees can help to minimize acid rain.


Mankind is currently confronted with a big issue. We must not only cleaning up the existing contaminated environment but also adapt our lifestyles to avoid further pollution. Both acid rain and global warming are extremely damaging to life on the planet. Warming the microorganisms causes them to produce even more methane, so global warming will only increase methane emissions. However, according to the new model, sulfur pollution from industry reduces this. Acid rain is caused by industrial pollution, which allows small amounts of acidic substances such as sulphuric and nitric acid to be carried by raindrops. Polluted rainwater can throw rivers and lakes off-balance, killing fish and other species.


  1. https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/abs/10.1080/09500693.2012.680618
  2. https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/pdf/10.1080/00139157.1993.9929107
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