Difference Between Green and White Revolution in India

The Green Revolution is a word used to define rapid gains in wheat and rice production in emerging regions caused by cultivators paired with increased use of fertilizers, as well as other agricultural chemicals that have had a profound influence on wages and food supply, whereas The White Revolution was started by the Indian government and is regarded to be among the biggest dairy revolutions in the world.

Green vs White Revolution in India

The main difference between The Green and White Revolution in india is that The Green Revolution is previously been available but have never been extensively adopted beyond the developed countries, on the other hand The White Revolution in India, is a movement linked with a massive rise in milk output inside the nation. During the White Revolution, India’s goal was to become a milk-producing country. India has become the country’s top producer and consumer.

Green vs White Revolution in India

The Green Revolution is recognised as the world’s greatest revolutionary, since it aided in the economic restructuring from food shortages to food self-sufficiency. It’s a word used to describe India’s vast growth in farming yield and production, notably in important cereal grain crops, since the late 1960s, when the ‘New Economic Strategy’ was implemented.

The white revolution was beneficial to India in several ways, including decreasing milk powder imports, upgrading the dairy industry and structures, addressing dairy needs, and enhancing the genes of nursing animals through interbreeding. The revolution gave farmers ownership over the commodity they had generated. It aided them in taking charge of their own growth.

Comparision Table Between Green and White Revolution in India

Parameters of ComparisonGreen RevolutionWhite Revolution
IntroductionIntroduction of new techniques in farming.Introduction of integrated systems in milk production.
ObjectivesTo increase farming output.To increase milk production.
CommencementCommenced in the 1960s.Commenced in the 1970s.
Also calledHigh-yielding varieties program.Operation flood.
Type of projectGlobal project.Indian project.

What is Green Revolution?

In the Revolution, two types of technology were applied, one for agriculture and the other for reproduction. New irrigation schemes, herbicides, and artificial fertilizers are among the farming techniques focused on providing optimal growth environments. The standard, scientific approaches present at the moment were used to establish reproductive techniques targeted at enhancing crop types. Hybrids, which combine current genetics with selects, were among these innovations.

All of this was viewed as a ‘bundle of techniques that could be used to replace ‘conventional’ innovation and be accepted overall. The following are among the core components of the popular revolt: 1) use of the most up-to-date technology and investment inputs, 2) acceptance of current science agricultural techniques, 3) utilization of strong planting materials, 4) appropriate use of pesticides and fertilizers, 5) centralization of land ownership and 6) utilization numerous materials machines especially.

Since the commencement of the Green Movement, the world’s population has increased by approximately 6 billion, and many feel that there would be more starvation and poverty if the Popular uprising had not occurred. The food grain industry in India increased from ten million tonnes in the 1960s to 72 million tonnes in 2006.

In the industrialized regions, the ordinary citizen today takes around 35% extra carbohydrates each day than they did well before the Green Movement.  From 1950 the Revolution changed farming mostly around worldwide, resulting in a 170 percent rise in global crop yields.

Due to federal measures, grain and cereal output tripled after the Revolution, but the productivity of all other crops like regional rice types and cereal grains dropped. This study looked at the consequences of the Green Movement on native crop yields, as well as its implications on community, the climate, health, and nutritional status per person, as well as the ways which can be used to bring native foods again into production and pass on expertise.

What is White Revolution?

The White revolution main goal was to make India self-sufficient in milk supply. This effort aided in increasing the nation’s milk production, which was then marketed at world prices. Project Flood is the name of the initiative that was started and ultimately led towards the revolution.

This project by the Indian government was innovative since it linked the nation’s dairy farmers and dealers with consumers in over 700 towns and cities. The milk company’s need for dairy cattle improved as a result of the white revolution, as did the adoption of technological tools.

The origins of the White Revolution traced back to 1965-66 when the government initiated an intense livestock building program wherein the cow proprietors were provided with elevated livestock farming. This initiative was created to support the Revolution, and once it was completed, the Dairy Board started a new initiative under the Revolution “ Operation Flood. It was a rural development program to establish a milk network throughout the nation.

The dairy company’s foundation grew significantly, and around Ten million producers now make their living from dairying. The most important accomplishment was in the international trading area when India became the world’s leading producer of milk powder to other countries. Cross-breeding was a great way to improve the genes of different dairy mammals. Milk was produced locally in rural regions to meet the country’s needs.

One of the country’s main agricultural cow milk initiatives was the White Revolution. The farming business became capable of increasing the number of food products of the revolution. Milk output grew as a result of this revolution. Numerous reasons can be attributed to the nation’s increased milk output. First and foremost, dairy items are culturally significant in the Indian diet.

Vegetarians make up a major portion of the Indian population, hence domestic milk items are a primary component of dietary protein. Many socio-demographic reasons, such as urbanization and changes in lifestyles & eating patterns, have also contributed to the rise in dairy consumption. On the demand side, new technologies in the manufacturing and distribution areas, as well as logistical and organizational improvements, are all important.

Main Differences Between Green and White Revolution in India

  1. The Green Revolution is a word used to define rapid gains in wheat and rice production whereas The White Revolution was started by the Indian government, and is regarded to be among the biggest dairy revolutions.
  2. Green Revolution was a bundle of techniques that were used to replace conventional innovation whereas The White Revolution was the adoption of animal breeding technologies.
  3. In the Green Revolution, two types of technology were applied- New irrigation schemes and herbicides whereas The White movement began with three key goals in mind: boosting milk production, raising the rural economy, and supplying milk to customers at reasonable costs
  4. Green Revolution bought New irrigation schemes, herbicides, and artificial fertilizers among the farming techniques whereas The White Revolution bought the cow proprietors provided with elevated livestock farming.
  5. The Green Revolution resulted in the demise of various native crops that had previously been cultivated, whereas The White Revolution mission was to establish a big network of milk supply throughout the nation.


The Green Revolution is a project that began in Emerging nations to increase grain and rice production and become self-sufficient. White Revolution, or Operation Flood, on the other hand, is an organization dedicated to raising milk manufacturing. When you glance at the past of the globe, you can see a succession of transformations.

The term “green revolution” refers to an era in humanity’s civilization when breakthroughs in modern farming enabled a rise in worldwide farm productivity. The Green Revolution centered on farming, while the White Revolution concentrated on milk products; it was characterized by the adoption of animal breeding technologies and the alteration of food component structure.


  1. https://www.science.org/doi/abs/10.1126/science.1078710
  2. https://www.publish.csiro.au/bt/BT06118
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