Difference Between Himalayan Rivers and Peninsular Rivers

Rivers play a very important role in India. They are the chief source of irrigation, the source for drinking purposes as well as proving fertile soil.


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Below is the comparison between Himalayan Rivers and Peninsular Rivers which helps in better understanding their characteristics and facts.

Himalayan Rivers vs Peninsular Rivers

The difference between the Himalayans Rivers and Peninsular Rivers is that they have different sources of origin. Because of its source, the former flows throughout the year while the latter is seasonal.

Himalayan Rivers vs Peninsular Rivers

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Himalayan rivers are the ones that arise from the northern Himalayan ranges. Their origin is in the northern region of India.

Peninsular rivers are the ones that arise from the Peninsular plateau region. Most of them flow from west to east. Their origin is in the plateau region of India.

Comparison Table

Parameters of ComparisonHimalayan RiversPeninsular Rivers  
SourceThey are snow-fed rivers formed by melting glaciers of the Himalayan mountain rangeThey are rain-fed rivers. The central highland and also peninsular plateau
Delta formationThey form fertile deltasThey mostly form estuaries which are comparatively less fertile
Nature of riversThey are perennial rivers since they are formed by melting glaciersThey are non- perennial rivers, also known as seasonal rivers.  They do dry up during certain parts of the year since rain is the main source
ValleysThese rivers generally flow through deep and V-shaped valleysThese rivers generally flow through comparatively shallow and U-shaped valleys
DrainageFall under the category of antecedent drainage type. It forms a dendritic drainage pattern due to its flowing motion from the mountains.Falls under the category of consequent drainage type. Generally forms radial drainage patterns due to their downward flow in all directions

What are Himalayan Rivers?

The three main rivers of the Himalayan river system are the Ganga, the Brahmaputra, and the Indus. Due to the high rate of snow melting, the Himalayan Rivers get flooded every year.

These rivers generally have large basins and also large catchment areas, and carry huge amounts of water and silt. The deltas formed are very fertile due to the silt it carries down from mountains.

They have long and deep courses. They are considered as the young rivers. The peninsular rivers are comparatively shorter and shallower in course.

himalayan rivers

What are  Peninsular Rivers?

The main Peninsular rivers are Godavari, Kaveri, Tapi, Mahanadi, Krishna, and Tapi. The Godavari is the largest peninsular river in India.

They have comparatively smaller basins and catchment areas. They flow towards the Bay of Bengal and are considered old rivers.

They lack alluvial deposits due to the area through which they flow and hence the deltas are not much fertile.

It forms valleys that are U-shaped and shallow.

peninsular rivers

Main Differences Between Himalayan Rivers and Peninsular Rivers

These two types of rivers have different origins. The source for the Himalayan Rivers is the Himalayan Mountain Range in the north.

  1. Talking about basins, the Himalayan Rivers comprises large basins and catchment areas. The Peninsular Rivers do have basins but are comparatively smaller than the Himalayan Rivers.
  2. The three most important rivers under the Himalayan Rivers are Ganga, Brahmaputra, and Indus.
Difference Between Himalayan Rivers and Peninsular Rivers
  1. https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0009254118300846
  2. https://www.fisheriesjournal.com/archives/2016/vol4issue5/PartH/4-5-61-894.pdf
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