Difference Between Hub and Spoke and Point to Point

The hub makes it possible for the various spokes connected to it to spread out in different directions. This Hub and Spoke model network is used in multiple sectors such as the distribution sector, business sector, and most importantly, the airline sector. 

Point to Point is a network model in which a specific point connects a specific path and vice versa. This stream is mainly used in the airlines' sector, which takes the passengers to and from a point to another point.

Comparison Table Between Hub and Spoke and Point to Point 

Parameters of Comparison Hub and SpokePoint to Point
DefinitionHub and Spoke network model has a centre and has various spokes (destinations) connected to it. Point To Point network model connects one point to the other and vice versa.
Time ArrivalHub and Spoke network model make it necessary for the administrator to make sure the flights arrive at a designated time so that there is no loss of connection.Point To Point network model does not make it necessary to keep track of flights' arrival at a designated time.
HaltHub and Spoke network model connects flights to various destinations from a particular centre. Point To Point network system, the flights take halts at various locations. 
HubsHub and Spoke network system make it mandatory for the airline to design hubs for arrival as well as departure all across the city.In Point To Point network system, it is not necessary to develop hubs.
Cost of CarriersHub and Spoke network model is used in high ranked airlines such as the Emirates airlines in Dubai.Point To Point network model is adopted by low-cost airline carriers such as South West Airlines. 

What is Hub and Spoke?

The Hub and Spoke model of networking is mainly used in the transportation sector where buses, trains, or flights are connected from a particular centre to the various positions on the paradigm.

This centralised hub makes it possible for many routes to connect from one. This model works through a centralised hub. This may cause some trouble in everyday services may be comparatively rigid, and variances at the hub, even in a single route, may have unforeseen results on the network.

What is Point to Point?

Point To Point is a networking model mostly used in the transit of aeroplanes and cargo distribution. In this style of networking, an aeroplane or a transportation unit travels to a particular destination by following a single path, without any deviations.

The Point To Point network model is mostly utilised in low-cost airlines where the budget is low. In these airlines, the flights take the passengers from one destination to another without any specific centre or any other location.

Main Differences Between Hub and Spoke and Point to Point 

  1. Hub and Spoke network model has a centre and has various spokes (destinations) connected to it. Whereas Point To Point network model connects one point to the other and vice versa.
  2. Hub and Spoke network model make it necessary for the administrator to make sure the flights arrive at a designated time so that there is no loss of connection. Whereas this is not necessary for Point To Point network system.

Conclusion

In conclusion, Hub and Spoke and Point To Point network models are important in the airlines' industry. These model structures are have been in use for ages in this industry. There are specific advantages and disadvantages to both of these structures.

References

  1. https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0969699705000542
  2. http://citeseerx.ist.psu.edu/viewdoc/summary?doi=10.1.1.684.2193
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