Difference Between Hub and Spoke and Point to Point (With Table)

The figures Hub and Spoke and Point to Point are models used in the airlines’ networks and transportation industry. The Hub and Spoke Model connects the airlines from two points and connects the passengers to the different spokes from their hub. Meanwhile, Point To Point network connects an airplane from a particular location to the other. 

Hub and Spoke vs Point to Point 

The difference between Hub and Spoke and Point To Point is that the former is an airline network related to connecting different airplanes and their passengers to various locations from a specific hub. Meanwhile, Point To Point is a network utilised in airlines network which only connects a particular flight from a location to another without any deviations in the location.

Hub and Spoke is a network model which has been inspired by a bicycle. The hub is the centre of a spherical bicycle wheel that connects the spokes or the wires that are connected to the wheel. The hub makes it possible for the various spokes connected to it to spread out in different directions. This Hub and Spoke model network is used in multiple sectors such as the distribution sector, business sector, and most importantly, the airline sector. 

Point to Point is a network model in which a specific point connects a specific path and vice versa. This stream is mainly used in the airlines’ sector, which takes the passengers to and from a point to another point. In a Point, Point network system, aeroplanes are generally cheap and reduce the time to travel between destinations. 

Comparison Table Between Hub and Spoke and Point to Point 

Parameters of Comparison Hub and SpokePoint to Point
DefinitionHub and Spoke network model has a centre and has various spokes (destinations) connected to it. Point To Point network model connects one point to the other and vice versa.
Time ArrivalHub and Spoke network model make it necessary for the administrator to make sure the flights arrive at a designated time so that there is no loss of connection.Point To Point network model does not make it necessary to keep track of flights’ arrival at a designated time.
HaltHub and Spoke network model connects flights to various destinations from a particular centre. Point To Point network system, the flights take halts at various locations. 
HubsHub and Spoke network system make it mandatory for the airline to design hubs for arrival as well as departure all across the city.In Point To Point network system, it is not necessary to develop hubs.
Cost of CarriersHub and Spoke network model is used in high ranked airlines such as the Emirates airlines in Dubai.Point To Point network model is adopted by low-cost airline carriers such as South West Airlines. 

What is Hub and Spoke?

The Hub and Spoke model of networking is mainly used in the transportation sector where buses, trains, or flights are connected from a particular centre to the various positions on the paradigm. The benefit of the hub and spoke networking model is that it requires fewer routes and is easy to monitor as compared to the Point To Point transit model. A single centre or hub helps with the smooth transit of passengers and/or cargo.

The hub allows connects the flights to multiple locations all around the world. For example, the airline hub of Emirates which is situated in Dubai, is a centralised core that connects flights from Dubai to many locations around the world. This centralised hub makes it possible for many routes to connect from one. This model works through a centralised hub. This may cause some trouble in everyday services may be comparatively rigid, and variances at the hub, even in a single route, may have unforeseen results on the network.

What is Point to Point?

Point To Point is a networking model mostly used in the transit of aeroplanes and cargo distribution. In this style of networking, an aeroplane or a transportation unit travels to a particular destination by following a single path, without any deviations. In a Point To Point networking structure, the aeroplanes make halts at various destinations.

The disadvantage of Point To Point networking is that this type of model needs a lot more routes as compared to Hub and Spoke networking, where the routes are limited. The Point To Point network model is mostly utilised in low-cost airlines where the budget is low. In these airlines, the flights take the passengers from one destination to another without any specific centre or any other location.

Main Differences Between Hub and Spoke and Point to Point 

  1. Hub and Spoke network model has a centre and has various spokes (destinations) connected to it. Whereas Point To Point network model connects one point to the other and vice versa.
  2. Hub and Spoke network model make it necessary for the administrator to make sure the flights arrive at a designated time so that there is no loss of connection. Whereas this is not necessary for Point To Point network system.
  3. Hub and Spoke network model connects flights to various destinations from a particular centre. Meanwhile, in the Point To Point network system, the flights take halts at various locations. 
  4. Hub and Spoke network system make it mandatory for the airline to develop hubs for arrival as well as departure all across the city, whereas this is not necessary in the case with Point To Point model. 
  5. Hub and Spoke network model is used in high ranked airlines such as the Emirates airlines in Dubai. Whereas Point To Point network model is adopted by low-cost airline carriers such as South West Airlines. 

Conclusion

In conclusion, Hub and Spoke and Point To Point network models are important in the airlines’ industry. These model structures are have been in use for ages in this industry. There are specific advantages and disadvantages to both of these structures. More and more airline carriers across the world are adopting the Hub and Spoke model increasingly because of its advantages.

References

  1. https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0969699705000542
  2. http://citeseerx.ist.psu.edu/viewdoc/summary?doi=10.1.1.684.2193
x
2D vs 3D video