Difference Between Hurricane and Tornado (With Table)

Hurricanes and tornadoes are both more like natural calamities. Both of them are highly stormy and kind of an atmospheric system. Basically, they are caused because of the insatiable conditions in the atmosphere. The storms of both calamities are so strong that they hold the potential of causing massive destruction.

The names might depend on the regions and areas of different countries or even continents. Mostly hurricane is called differently in different regions depending on the severity of stormy conditions and the weather. They are often called typhoons or tropical cyclones.

Hurricane vs Tornado

The difference between hurricanes and tornados is that hurricanes are basically cyclones that are located or occur in the north of the Atlantic Ocean and the northeast Pacific Ocean while a tornado, on the other hand, is a column of air that is rotating continuously in the air having a width of few yards to a mile or more than that.

Hurricane is basically a cyclone that is categorized into tropical and has a sustained amount of wind that ranges 74 mph. All of this process that takes place comes along with rain, lightning, and a major amount of thunder. They are located or occur in the north of the Atlantic Ocean and the northeast Pacific Ocean.

A tornado can be defined as a rotating column of air having a wide range of width that can go from about a few yards to a mile or even more than that. Tornado has a highly destructive speed and is a funnel-shaped facing downward bundle of air. There is no specific area, region, or continent for the occurrence of a tornado, it can occur anywhere.

Comparison Table Between Hurricane and Tornado

Parameters of ComparisonHurricaneTornado
What are they?Hurricane is basically a cyclone that is categorized into tropical and has a sustained amount of wind that ranges 74 mph.A tornado can be defined as a rotating column of air having a wide range of width that can go from about a few yards to a mile or even more than that.
LocationsNorth Atlantic ocean, northeast pacific ocean, south pacific ocean, and near the tropical zones.Tornados have no specific place of occurrence they have been spotted in all continents except for Antarctica.
Most affected areasThe Caribbean sea.Mid-western U.S.
PrecipitationsRainRain, hail, and sleet.
CharacteristicsHeavy winds, storms, a lot of rain or even flood, and tornadoes too.Heavy rain, strong winds, a large amount of hail, lighting-from cloud to the ground.

What is Hurricane?

Hurricane is basically a cyclone that is categorized into tropical and has a sustained amount of wind that ranges 74 mph. All of this process that takes place comes along with rain, lightning, and a major amount of thunder. They are located or occur in the north of the Atlantic Ocean and the northeast Pacific Ocean.

Hurricanes develop over the oceanic water and they heat the water to over 25 degrees Celcius. Thus, it can be said that they easily weaken over the areas where there is land or in cold water. This is because hurricane requires moisture and warmth to sustain which land and cold water cannot provide. The most middle part or can be said as the pressure center of the hurricane is known as the “eye” of the hurricane.

That center part is the eye is surrounded by string winds and pressure and is much warmer than the other area and parts of the same hurricane.

What is Tornado?

A tornado can be defined as a rotating column of air having a wide range of width that can go from about a few yards to a mile or even more than that. Tornado has a highly destructive speed and is a funnel-shaped facing downward bundle of air. There is no specific area, region, or continent for the occurrence of a tornado, it can occur anywhere.

Tornadoes have many different shapes and sizes. The size of a tornado depends on its intensity. They can also be just a small swirl of dust and winds. These are quite not easy to identify as tornadoes are often interpreted to be huge waves of storms along with lots of rain and wind. Even the color of a tornado is different in different areas. The color basically depends on the color of soil from where it is generated and the debris is collected.

Main Differences Between Hurricane and Tornado

  1. The main difference between hurricane and tornado is that Hurricane is basically a cyclone that is categorized into tropical and has sustained amount of wind that ranges 74 mph while a tornado can be defined as rotating column of air having a wide range of width that can go from about few yards to a mile or even more than that.
  2. The locations of a hurricane are- North atlantic ocean, north east pacific ocean, south pacific ocean, and near the tropical zones While Tornados have no specific place of occurrence they have been spotted in all continents except for the Antarctica.
  3. The caribbean sea is the most affected area with hurricanes while for tornado the most affected area is Mid-western U.S.
  4. The form of precipitations for hurricane is Rain while for tornado its-Rain, hail, and sleet.
  5. Characteristics of a hurricane include-Heavy winds, storms, lot of rain or even flood, and tornadoes too while for tornadoes its- Heavy rain, strong winds, large amount of hailing, lighting-from cloud to the ground.

Conclusion

It concludes now that both hurricanes and tornados are natural calamities with highly destructive potential in them. Although, they stand with lots of differences in them. The areas of occurrence, frequency, characteristics, causes of occurrence, etc. are some of the parameters of both their differences.

Basically, they are caused because of the insatiable conditions in the atmosphere. The storms of both calamities are so strong that they hold the potential of causing massive destruction.

References

  1. https://books.google.com/books?hl=en&lr=&id=JyxRAAAAMAAJ&oi=fnd&pg=PA1&dq=what+is+hurricane&ots=uIumMj2WK-&sig=zwiuGEA7igODGIyVQZAalFljCi8
  2. https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/pdf/10.1080/00431672.1949.9930047
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