Difference Between a Typhoon and a Hurricane (With Table)

Typhoon and hurricane are a meteorological phenomenon and occurs due to natural causes. Some of the natural disasters consist of earthquakes, landslides, cyclones, floods, drought, tsunami, etc. Tropical storms can be classified as cyclones, typhoons, or hurricanes depending upon the location where the storm is occurring. They also differ in the difference in speed of the winds. They can or cannot cause destruction to human lives depending upon the area and the speed of the storm. 

Typhoon vs Hurricane

The difference between typhoons and hurricanes is that they differ in the location of the tropical cyclone. Both typhoons and hurricanes are tropical cyclones and are different with respect to the area or location of the storm. Both of them are typical weather phenomenon and can be described as rotating, organizes cloud systems along with thunderstorms. They generally originate over the water bodies in tropical or sub-tropical regions.  

Typhoons are rotating storms over the ocean having a cloud system and thunderstorms occurring over the regions of Northwest Pacific. Typhoons are common in East Asian countries like Japan, the Philippines, South Korea, Vietnam, etc., and often occur between the month of May and October.

Hurricane is a rotating storm with a wind speed of 74 miles per hour, along with thunderstorms and a cloud system occurring in regions of Central North Pacific, Eastern North Pacific, and North Atlantic. They are more common in American countries and occur between the months of June to November. 

Comparison Table Between a Typhoon and a Hurricane

Parameters of ComparisonTyphoonHurricane
MeaningA typical tropical cyclone consisting of a rotating, organized cloud system and thunderstorms occurring in the regions of the Northwest Pacific.A typical tropical cyclone consisting of a rotating, organized cloud system and thunderstorms occurs in the regions of Central North Pacific, Eastern North Pacific and North Atlantic.
EtymologyThe Greek word Typhon (which means whirlwind) or from a word, tufan, which means a big cyclonic storm.Comes from a deity of Fire and Storms, the Mayan God, Huracán.
LocationNorthwest PacificCentral North Pacific, Eastern North Pacific and North Atlantic.
RotationSouthern hemisphere- clockwise direction while in the Northern hemisphere- counterclockwise direction.Southern hemisphere- clockwise, while in the Northern hemisphere, it is anti-clockwise.
Areas of occurrenceEastern Asia (Marianas Islands, Philippines, Taiwan, Vietnam, South Korea, Southern Japan)Texas, Hawaii, Florida, Caribbean islands, New Orleans
Typical examplesTyphoon Songda- Japan and Northern Mariana Islands (2014). Super Typhoon Goni- Philippines (2020)Hurricane Katrina- New Orleans (2005). Other examples- Hurricane Sandy, Hurricane Andrew, Hurricane Ivan, Hurricane Harvey.

What is a Typhoon?

A typhoon is a typical tropical cyclone consisting of rotating, organized cloud systems and thunderstorms which occur in the regions of the Northwest Pacific. The word typhoon came from a Greek word, Typhon (which means, whirlwind) or from a word, tufan used in Hindi, Persian and Arab, which means a big cyclonic storm. The Japan Meteorological Agency monitors typhoons.

Typhoons occur more frequently and are strong due to the warm water of the Pacific Ocean, which acts as a fuel for the typhoon. In the Southern hemisphere, the rotation of typhoons is in the clockwise direction, while in the Northern hemisphere, it is counterclockwise. The storm can be distinguished based on the speed of the storms. The tropical cyclone, when reaching 74 miles per hour or more, is called either typhoon or hurricane, depending upon the location of the storm.

The commonplace is at the risk of occurrence of a typhoon in the region of Eastern Asia. The typical occurrence of typhoons in the Northwest Pacific Ocean takes place between the month of May to October. Although they can occur over any time during the year, the prevalent data shows the occurrence between May to October.

What is a Hurricane?

A hurricane is a typical tropical cyclone consisting of rotating, organized cloud systems and thunderstorms which occur in the regions of Central North Pacific, Eastern North Pacific, and North Atlantic. The common places for the occurrence of hurricanes are Texas, Hawaii, Florida, Caribbean islands, etc.

The word hurricane comes from a deity of Fire and Storms, the Mayan God, Huracán. There were various spelling variations, and the current spelling in use was finalized in 1688. A scale known as the Saffir-Simpson scale is used for the categorization of hurricanes from level 1 to level 5. In the Southern hemisphere, the rotation of the hurricane takes place clockwise, while in the Northern hemisphere, it is anti-clockwise. The storm can be distinguished based on the speed of the storms, from level 1 to level 5.

The tropical cyclone, when reaching 74 miles per hour or more, is called either hurricane or typhoon, depending upon the location of the storm. Hurricanes occur in the Atlantic regions from the time period of six months, i.e., from 1 June to 30 November. An average of 95% of tropical activity in the Atlantic region takes place between the month of June to November.

Main Differences Between a Typhoon and a Hurricane

  1. Both typhoon and hurricane is a typical tropical cyclone consisting of rotating, organized cloud system and thunderstorms with wind speed equal to or more than 74 miles per hour. They differ in the location where the storm is occurring.
  2. Typhoons are tropical storms in the Northwest Pacific region, while hurricanes are tropical storms in the regions of Central North Pacific, Eastern North Pacific, and North Atlantic.
  3. The major regions of occurrence of the typhoon are East Asian countries while the hurricane is observed in American countries.
  4. The places hit by the typhoon are Philippines, Taiwan, Vietnam, South Korea, Southern Japan, etc. while hurricane hits New Orleans, Texas, Hawaii, Florida, Caribbean island, etc.
  5. Typhoon generally hits in months from May to October, while hurricanes are mostly observed from June to November.

Conclusion

Both typhoons and hurricanes are tropical storms having a wind speed equal to or higher than seventy-four miles per hour. They consist of rotating and organized cloud systems, thunderstorms, and high-speed wind. The former’s location is in the Northwest Pacific region, while the latter is found in Central North and Eastern North Pacific. Both of the storms are very strong and powerful and disturb the human habitat once it hits the land. The meteorological department issues weather alerts in such situations and prepares in advance to minimize the damage caused by the storms.

References

  1. https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/abs/pii/S0167610514002669
  2. https://journals.ametsoc.org/view/journals/mwre/143/2/mwr-d-14-00227.1.xml
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