During the institution of a business group, the first decision is to choose between different business models. The two most common models are Ltd and Inc.
- “Inc.” is an abbreviation for “Incorporated,” used in the United States and some other countries, while “Ltd.” stands for “Limited” and is commonly used in the United Kingdom, Canada, and other Commonwealth countries.
- Both Inc. and Ltd. provide limited liability protection to shareholders, but their legal structures and regulations differ according to the country they are formed in.
- Companies with Inc. or Ltd. designations must adhere to specific reporting requirements and corporate governance rules to maintain their legal status and benefits.
Inc vs. Ltd
Inc (Incorporation) is a business company where owners are separated from the board of directors. It has a single tax system, thus affecting members of the company. Ltd (Limited company) is where a group starts a business. It has a corporation tax system.
In a limited company, powers lie in the hands of the owners, who are either the company’s investors or guarantors.
|Parameter of Comparison
|Inc is an entity that is kept separate from its owners.
|Ltd is a company in which the powers or the liability of the company are vested with the people investing in it or with the people who have taken a guarantee of it.
|Inc company is regulated or run by the board of directors and the companies are required to appoint officers as per the laws established by the government.
|Ltd company has to appoint officers at various levels and is run by at least one director.
|The company pays the corporation tax while its profit and loss are transferred to the company and do not reach its members.
|The Ltd company has a single taxation system. Therefore, the profit and loss are passed to its members.
|Ownership of the company
|The stockholders hold an Inc company.
|Members of the company can either be public or from a defined group.
|Inc designation is more suited to large businesses.
|Ltd designation is more suited for small business organizations.
What is Inc
Inc is an abbreviation for Incorporated. Inc is a company in which the entity is separated from the owners; it is an entity that does its business on the legal guidelines.
The company pays the corporation tax. All its profits and losses remain within the company and are not transferred to its members.
In its shares, an Inc company does not pose any restrictions on its members; however, in an Inc company, there are some limits on the liabilities of an individual.
What is Ltd?
Ltd is the abbreviation used for limited. A company in which the power lies within the hands of a few individuals or a group of individuals is known as a limited company; that is, the power of the company is either in the hands of investors or guarantors.
A limited company has a single taxation system. The profits and losses of the company are directly transferred to its members.
When it comes to shares, a limited company poses some restrictions on its shareholders. It has a separate legal body for its shareholders. Officers and directors are answerable in case of debts.
An Ltd company can either be a public limited company or a private limited company depending on the type of its members.
Main Differences Between Inc and Ltd
- The incorporated designation is better for large businesses, while the limited designation is more suited to small business groups.
- The legal entity is separated from shareholders in both the Inc and Ltd company.
Last Updated : 11 June, 2023
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Chara Yadav holds MBA in Finance. Her goal is to simplify finance-related topics. She has worked in finance for about 25 years. She has held multiple finance and banking classes for business schools and communities. Read more at her bio page.