Hog vs Pig: Difference and Comparison

The porcine family is one of the most common species among the animals. It is seen as one of the cutest species of animals.

The porcine family is commonly referred to as the pig family.

In this family belong a lot of creatures. Swine, hog, and pig are the most common members of the pig family. The word pig is most commonly associated with the word swine.

Similarly, the word hog is mostly associated with the word pig. Thus, it is seen that there exists a strong connection between these two words.

The word Hog and Pig tend to confuse most people. Though both these words are very commonly used interchangeably, they do not have the same meaning.

There is a major difference between a Hog and a Pig.

Key Takeaways

  1. A hog is a term used to describe a domestic pig raised and bred for meat production, weighing over 120 pounds (54 kg) and used for pork products such as bacon, ham, and sausages.
  2. A pig is a more general term encompassing various swine species, including domestic pigs, wild boars, and the broader family of animals, including hogs.
  3. The difference between a hog and a pig is primarily based on their intended purpose and size, with hogs referring specifically to larger, meat-producing domestic pigs. In contrast, the term pig encompasses a broader range of swine species and sizes.

Hog vs. Pig

Hogs have large bodies and weigh about 120 pounds. They are considered domestic animals that are slaughtered for their meat. Hogs are omnivores, and their organs are used in the medical industry. Pigs are small in size and weigh less than 54 kg. They are not slaughtered due to less meat.

Hog vs Pig


Comparison Table

Parameters of ComparisonHogPig
FeaturesHogs have stocky bodies, small eyes, large ears and a flat snout.Pigs have short legs, bristly hair, cloven hooves, a cartilaginous snout
WeightHogs weigh more than 120 lbs.Pigs weigh less than 120 lbs.
SizeHogs are large.Pigs are small in size.
AgeHogs are older than pigs.Pigs are not as old as hogs. They are younger
ClassificationHogs are classified as domestic or wild.Pigs are mostly domestic species.
SlaughterHogs are slaughtered for their meat.Pigs are not slaughtered because their meat content is low.
Market ValueIn the market, hogs are referred to as ‘finished products’ since they are ready to be sold.In the market, pigs are not sold. This is because of the small age and less weight.


What is Hog

Hogs are members of the Suidae family. The Suidae family consists of domestic pigs and some other wild species.

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Hogs are one of the most common mammals in this family.

Hogs have sturdy bodies. Their eyes are small, ears large, and tails thin.

They have a flat snout. Hogs are omnivores in nature.

They are sold in the market for their meat. The Chinese people started to domesticate these mammals around 6000 years ago.

They did because hogs served as a prime source of meat.

Even to date, hogs are among the top animals slaughtered for their meat. Hogs are also used in other areas.

They are commonly used in the medical industry. This is because the organs of a hog are quite similar to that of a human being.

A lot of medicines and insulin are produced from hogs.

When left free, hogs move to the wild at a great speed. They tend to change both in physique, disposition, and in temperament. 

They tend to become more aggressive. Hogs are aged pigs.

They weigh more than 120 pounds. They are large.

Hogs are found in all parts of the world except in Australia and Antarctica.

They are considered smart animals that have a good intellectual level. Hogs mostly live in groups. They communicate through short or long grunts.


What is Pig?

A pig is a young swine. It is a mammal that has not matured yet.

It comes under the Suidae family. The Suidae family has 16 species.

The word Pig is mostly used for all domestic swine of the Pig family. They come under the Suidae family.

The family comprises pigs, hogs, and boars. All these family members are commonly called swine.

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It has been said that Pigs originated in Southeast Asia. They have been domesticated since 8000 BC.

They were domesticated around the same time as cattle. Pigs are not sold in the market because it is not of much use to slaughter them.

This is because they are small and do not have much meat.

The common characteristics of a pig are small eyes, short legs, cloven hooves, and cartilaginous snouts. The tails are curled.

They are omnivores in nature. They are smarter than an average 3-year-old kid.

Pigs are light in weight. They weigh less than 54 kg.

They are young creatures. They are most tolerant to colder temperatures.

They are not able to sweat due to the lack of sweat glands. They are very social animals and love to form close bonds.


Main Differences Between Hog and Pig

  1. Hogs belong to the category of both wild and domestic species. On the other hand, pigs are domestic animals.
  2. Hogs are heavier and weigh more than 120 lbs, while on the other, Pigs are comparatively lighter and weigh less than 120 lbs.
  3. The age of Hogs is always more than that of pigs, while on the other hand, the age of Pigs is always less than hogs.
  4. Hogs are slaughtered so that their meat could be used. On the other hand, the meat content of pigs is low, so they are not slaughtered.
  5. The size of Hogs is larger than that of pigs, while on the other hand, pigs are smaller animals when compared to the size of Pigs.
Difference Between Hog and Pig

  1. https://ageconsearch.umn.edu/record/293125/files/vt-0024.PDF

Last Updated : 11 June, 2023

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11 thoughts on “Hog vs Pig: Difference and Comparison”

  1. I think it was really interesting to learn about hogs and pigs and how they differ in terms of size and age. I am glad I stumbled upon this article!

  2. I find this article to be very informative and educational. Everyone should read it so that they can learn more about the different members of the porcine family.

  3. It’s an interesting article and it’s good to improve our knowledge about the different species of the animal kingdom.

  4. Really insightful article about the differences between pigs and hogs. There are so many things that I wasn’t aware of!

  5. This article is an amazing and interesting read about the different members of the porcine family. I did not know about the distinct differences between hogs and pigs and about the domestication of pigs in Southeast Asia, it’s fascinating.


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