No country is free of crimes. The country India is a democratic Republic has specific rules and regulations regarding this. The Indian penal Code and the Code of criminal procedure and two such devices. They contain a set of rules and regulations as to how a person should act and the limits and boundaries. They tell about which works committed by them are offenses and how they are expected to perform.
Indian Penal Code vs Code Of Criminal Procedure
The significant difference between Indian Penal Code and Code Of Criminal Procedure mainly lies in the fact that the IPC defines precisely the duties and rights of a person residing in that place. And also the penalty if any rules are broken. The Ccp, on the other hand, tells about what people should take action against those who have committed an offense. So they address entirely different groups of people.
The IPC is the most important Code of criminal laws in the country. It comprises a view into the duties and rights of the citizens of India. Also, it has a set of punishments. For every crime, there’s a specific punishment that depends upon the degree or intensity of the offense. It was created by the Imperial Legislative Council of the country. However, suppose any unethical/criminal activity inside the country and is not mentioned in this Code. In that case, it will soon become a part of it, and the punishment will be decided accordingly.
The Code of the criminal procedure, however, is quite different from the IPC. It mainly consists of rules and guidelines as to how unruly activities should be dealt with. It is meant for people who work primarily in defense. It came to effect much later; it mainly deals with preventing crimes and controlling them. It has six parts in which it proceeds. It came much later than the IPC.
Comparison Table Between Indian Penal Code and Code Of Criminal Procedure
|Parameters of Comparison||Indian Penal Code||Code of criminal procedure|
|Definition||The Indian Penal Code is the official criminal Code of India.||The official legislation on procedure for administration of the criminal law in India.|
|Contents||It contains the list of crimes and the punishments attached to it||It has a set of rules as to how the defensive authorities should function concerning that crime|
|Year enacted||It came into force in the year 1860||It came into force in the year 1974|
|Applicable to||It applies to all the citizens of India||It applies to law and defensive bodies|
|Motive||It helps in the prevention of crimes||It helps in taking action against crimes|
What is Indian Penal Code?
The Indian Penal Code came during the British rules. It comprises a view into the offenses made by the citizens of India. Also, it has a set of punishments. For every crime, there’s a specific punishment that depends upon the degree or intensity of the offense. It was created by the Imperial Legislative Council of the country. These rules might not contain all the criminal procedures. If any new criminal conduct is seen, then it is added to it.
This Code came into existence in the year eighteen hundred sixty. At first, it was only applicable to provinces that the Britishers governed. It wasn’t helpful to the states that had a king ruling over it. Till the national divide, this Code pertained to India along with the countries Pakistan and Bangladesh also. However, it soon divided. This came to be executed two years after its creation.
It has twenty-three chapters, and those are further subdivided into five hundred eleven different sections. The parts include the introduction, followed by the explanation. Then comes the list of punishments, exceptions, apart from conspiring, offences related to defense posts, and several different offenses at different places. This is a very systematic document. However, certain unnatural offenses have faced controversies. Its most recent amendment was made in the year two thousand eighteen.
What is Code Of Criminal Procedure?
The Code of the criminal procedure, however, is quite different from the IPC. It mainly consists of rules and guidelines as to how unruly activities should be dealt with. It is meant for people who work primarily in defense. It came to effect much later; it mainly deals with preventing crimes and controlling them. It has six parts. It is a code of regulation. This Code divides the types of offenses of people into two kinds: cognizable, followed by non-cognizable.
The non-cognizable crimes are those where the defense personnel must have a warrant to arrest a person. These are less serious offenses. However, cognizable acts are more severe, and a person can be detained directly upon performing these. Also, the cases are divided into two types: the summon, followed by the warrant type of case. Summon points can be property matters, divorce, etc., whereas warrant cases are those that involve punishment.
It came much later than the IPC in the year of nineteen hundred seventy-four, in April. This Code is applied all over the Indian subcontinent except Nagaland and for areas where tribals have their laws. The Supreme Court, along with the high court, police, magistrates, are all those this Code applies. Trial of a person, judgment, and all other procedures are a part of this.
Main Differences Between Indian Penal Code and Code Of Criminal Procedure
- The IPC is the legally enforced Code that deals with criminal offenses in India. The CCP is the legislation on procedure for administration of the criminal laws in India.
- The IPC contains the list of crimes and the punishments attached to it. The CCP has a set of rules as to how the defensive authorities should function regarding that crime.
- The IPC came in the year Eighteen hundred sixty. However, the CCP came in the year nineteen hundred seventy-four.
- The IPC applies to all the citizens of India. The CCP applies to law and defensive bodies.
- The IPC helps in the prevention of crimes. The CCP helps in taking action against crimes.
Prevention of crime is the main aim of every nation. The primary devices to control unruly and unethical activities in India’s country are the ccp and the IPC. Both these were necessary both then and even now. Specific extra clauses were added to it in a period.
Both these were made much before. However, crimes have taken a significant leap. It is only because of IPC, several unethical activities have been stopped. Also, because of the ccp, the people know when to take action and against whom. Both of these are necessary for the proper functioning of the country.