Difference Between Judgment and Order (With Table)

Law is a set of rules and regulations created and enforced in every country and community. There are government institutions to protect the law and uphold the same. When you witness a court proceeding, there is numerous judicial terminology utilized.

The most common ones are appeal, order, decree, judgment. For the smooth functioning of the judicial system, it is essential to understand the terminology. Two crucial terms are judgment and order. Judgment is the decision given by the judge, and the order is the preliminary issue in any case. Both these terms are a chief component of the Judicial system.

Judgment vs Order

The difference between judgment and order is that judgment is a reason given by the court to support the decision given. A judgment is a final statement issued by the judge. An Order is an expression of any decision of a civil court and the nature of the order can be appealable or non-appealable in the court.

Judgment is the outcome of the court or a jury. The judgment must contain all the details essential to the case-based. The point of determination, the decision taken, the reason for the decision taken, and the relief granted. The judgment contains the abridged statement of the case.

Order is an announcement of the decision of the court. The order defines the relationship between the parties to the case but may not ascertain the rights to the parties. The nature of the order could be appealable or non-appealable in the court. The decision for the order to come into effect must be taken by the civil court.

Comparison Table Between Judgment and Order

Parameters of ComparisonJudgmentOrder
NatureThe judgment is based on the order.It is an announcement of the decision of the court and the relationship of the parties to the suit.
AppealThe judgment cannot be appealed.The order can be appealable or non-appealable.
FormatDue to the nature of the document the judgment is always written.The order can be verbally proclaimed by the judge.
StatusThe judgment is the final say of the court in terms of the legal suit.The order does not imply the end of the legal suit.
DocumentationThe judgment follows a proper format for documentation.The order can be anything simple like – date or the nature of the case.

What is Judgment?

Judgment refers to a statement given based on the ground of an order or a decree. It refers to the judge or jury’s point of view and the decision taken based on it and, the Judgments include the facts, findings, pieces of evidence, and the conclusive decision made by the court.  

A conclusion of a civil suit is a judgment. It determines the right and liabilities of the parties to the legal case. Judgment creates resolution for the controversies and decides the obligation for each party of the suit. They could be obligated to pay charges, imprisoned, or cleared from charges and then mentioned in the judgment copy.

After the presentations by all parties, fact-finding, interrogation, the court or the jury are bound to present the final verdict. Judgment ends the court’s say on the case. The content of the judgment follows a formal format. As the nature of the document is crucial, the judgment is always in writing.

Once the judgment is conveyed judge must sign, and the judgment date is mentioned in the open court. After being signed by the judge, the judgment cannot be altered or amended. The only provision for amended given is any clerical or accidental omissions. 

The following are the essential elements of the judgment:

  • A concise statement of the case
  • The pointers of determination
  • the decision of the court
  • The reason for the decision taken

What is Order?

The order is directions given by the court or a judge verbally or in writing which directs some steps towards the proceedings. The order is issued during hearings, trials, appeals, and other court proceedings.

The order is a decision of the court defining the relationship of the parties to the suit and procedural legal rights of the parties. There are chances of more than one order being issued during the suit and it might spell the rights of the parties.

The purpose of court orders include the following:

  • Compelling the plaintiff or the defendant to complete an action
  • Setting or ordering a court date.
  • To understand the legal relationship between the parties and the lawsuit.

In trial courts, a party obtaining a favorable decision is responsible for writing a proposed order. This is forwarded to the other party for any amendments. Once agreed by both parties it is then presented to the court for settlement and approval. The order must be entered, filed, or incorporated into the minutes of the court. Order is Appealable, in which an appeal lies, and non-appealable order, in which no appeal lies.

There are two classes of order:

  • Final order- Is this order the court disposes of all the claims and decision about the right and liabilities of all the parties to the suit is mentioned.
  • Interlocutory order- This order settles any intervening matter related to the case. Any temporary order issued during the litigation is an interlocutory order. This order is even termed an interim order.

Main Differences Between Judgment and Order

  1. In a judgment, there is no necessity for a formal expression. The order is an announcement of the decision of the court, and it defines the relationship of the parties.
  2. A judgment is not appealable. The order is both appealable and non-appealable.
  3. The judgment is always in writing. The order may verbally be proclaimed in some cases.
  4. Due to the nature of the document, judgment considers a formal format. The order can mention the date and the type of case. 
  5. The end of a court case is a judgment. The order does not imply the closure of the case.

Conclusion

The terms judgment and order are two essential legal terms. Both these terms have different meanings and have their importance to the legal suit filed in the court. An order is a formal expression of any decision by the court or jury. There could be many orders filed during the suit, and they can be appealable or non-appealable.

Judgment is a statement given by the judge or jury based on the order. The judgment is the closure of the legal suit. and it proclaims the liability and rights of all the parties to the suit.

References

  1. https://science.sciencemag.org/content/165/3891/413.abstract
  2. https://journals.sagepub.com/doi/abs/10.1068/p220681
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