Judgment vs Order: Difference and Comparison

Law is a set of rules and regulations created and enforced in every country and community. There are government institutions to protect the law and uphold the same. When you witness a court proceeding, there is numerous judicial terminology utilized.

The most common ones are appeal, order, decree, and judgment. It is essential to understand the terminology for the smooth functioning of the judicial system.

Two crucial terms are judgment and order. Judgment is the decision given by the judge, and the order is the preliminary issue in any case. Both these terms are a chief component of the Judicial system.

Key Takeaways

  1. A judgment is a decision made by a judge or court, determining the rights and obligations of the parties involved in a legal case.
  2. On the other hand, an order is a directive issued by a court outlining the specific actions that must be taken by one or more parties in a legal case.
  3. A judgment is made at the end of a legal trial, while an order can be issued at any point during a legal case.

Judgment vs Order

Judgement is a statement that is given based on a decree or an order by the judge or jury. The judgement includes the facts, pieces of evidence, conclusive decision, and the judge’s point of view. Order is a direction given by the judge or the court in writing or verbally, during hearings, appeals, and trials.

Judgment vs Order
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Judgment is the outcome of the court or a jury. The judgment must contain all the details essential to the case-based. The point of determination, the decision taken, the reason for the decision taken, and the relief granted.

The judgment contains the abridged statement of the case.

Order is an announcement of the decision of the court. The order defines the relationship between the parties to the case but may not ascertain the rights to the parties.

The nature of the order could be appealable or non-appealable in the court. The civil court must take the decision for the order to come into effect.

Comparison Table

Parameters of ComparisonJudgmentOrder
NatureThe judgment is based on the order.It is an announcement of the court’s decision and the parties’ relationship to the suit.
AppealThe judgment cannot be appealed.The order can be appealable or non-appealable.
FormatDue to the nature of the document, the judgment is always written.The judge can verbally proclaim the order.
StatusThe judgment is the court’s final say regarding the legal suit.The order does not imply the end of the legal suit.
DocumentationThe judgment follows a proper format for documentation.The order can be anything simple like – the date or the nature of the case.

What is Judgment?

Judgment refers to a statement given based on the ground of an order or a decree.

It refers to the judge or jury’s point of view and the decision taken based on it, and the Judgments include the facts, findings, pieces of evidence, and the conclusive decision made by the court.  

A conclusion of a civil suit is a judgment. It determines the right and liabilities of the parties to the legal case. Judgment creates a resolution for the controversies and decides the obligation of each party of the suit.

They could be obligated to pay charges, imprisoned, or cleared from charges and then mentioned in the judgment copy.

After the presentations by all parties, fact-finding, and interrogation, the court or the jury is bound to present the final verdict. Judgment ends the court’s say in the case.

The content of the judgment follows a formal format. As the nature of the document is crucial, the judgment is always in writing.

Once the judgment is conveyed judge must sign, and the judgment date is mentioned in the open court. After being signed by the judge, the judgment cannot be altered or amended.

The only provision for amendment given is any clerical or accidental omissions. 

The following are the essential elements of the judgment:

  • A concise statement of the case
  • The pointers of determination
  • the decision of the court
  • The reason for the decision taken
judgment

What is Order?

The order is directions given by the court or a judge verbally or in writing, which directs some steps towards the proceedings. The order is issued during hearings, trials, appeals, and other court proceedings.

The order is a decision of the court defining the relationship of the parties to the suit and the procedural legal rights of the parties. There are chances of more than one order being issued during the suit, which might spell the parties’ rights.

The purpose of court orders includes the following:

  • Compelling the plaintiff or the defendant to complete an action
  • Setting or ordering a court date.
  • To understand the legal relationship between the parties and the lawsuit.

In trial courts, a party obtaining a favourable decision is responsible for writing a proposed order. This is forwarded to the other party for any amendments. Once agreed by both parties, it is then presented to the court for settlement and approval.

The order must be entered, filed, or incorporated into the minutes of the court. Order is Appealable, in which an appeal lies, and non-appealable order, in which no appeal lies.

There are two classes of order:

  • Final order- Is this order the court disposes of all the claims and decisions about the right and liabilities of all the parties to the suit is mentioned.
  • Interlocutory order- This order settles any intervening matter related to the case. Any temporary order issued during the litigation is an interlocutory order. This order is even termed an interim order.

Main Differences Between Judgment and Order

  1. In a judgment, there is no necessity for a formal expression. The order is an announcement of the decision of the court, and it defines the relationship between the parties.
  2. A judgment is not appealable. The order is both appealable and non-appealable.
  3. The judgment is always in writing. The order may verbally be proclaimed in some cases.
  4. Due to the nature of the document, judgment considers a formal format. The order can mention the date and the type of case. 
  5. The end of a court case is a judgment. The order does not imply the closure of the case.
Difference Between Judgment and Order
References
  1. https://science.sciencemag.org/content/165/3891/413.abstract
  2. https://journals.sagepub.com/doi/abs/10.1068/p220681

Last Updated : 13 July, 2023

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