Difference Between Lecturer and Professor

A college or a university has several people that are appointed for teaching various subjects to their students. A single teacher can not teach all the subjects in the respective course, and that is why every single subject has a different person that teaches it to the students. A college or a university appoints these people so that the students in their college understand the subjects from their courses. They either appoint lecturers or professors. 

Lecturer vs Professor 

The main difference between lecturers and professors is that the lecturers get less salary and they teach the classes at the undergraduate level, on the other hand, the professors get more salary, and they teach at all the levels including graduate, undergraduate, professional courses etc.

Lecturer and Professor

The lecturers that are appointed by the college or university are beginners in their profession. They get lesser salaries than professors, and they teach at the undergraduate level of the college. Whenever a person wants to be a part of the teaching profession, being a lecturer in the beginning stage.

The professors are the experienced teachers that teach at a particular college or university. They get more salaries than lecturers, and they can teach at all levels, including graduate, undergraduate and professional courses. Professors have more experience than lecturers as they work for a longer time.

Comparison Table Between Lecturer and Professor

Parameters of ComparisonLecturerProfessor
ExperienceLessMore
Tenure positionThey either get or do not get tenure positions.Most professors get tenure positions.
SalaryLessMore
ClassesGraduate-levelAll the levels include graduate, undergraduate and professional courses.
Type BeginnersProfessionals

What is Lecturer?

The lecturer is a teacher who is at the beginning stage of their career. The term varies from location to location, but it is altogether considered a rank in the teaching profession. Lecturers in some countries are allowed to conduct research in their colleges. They either work part-time or full time. 

Various countries have different interpretations of the term “lecturer”. For instance, in Australia, the term is informally addressed as a person who conducts lectures and formally, it is addressed as an academic rank in the teaching profession. Lecturers can also help students with research work, but it depends on the allowance.

A lecturer teachers a batch of students that opt for a specific we get in the college. A lecturer is different from a teacher as they teach in colleges and teachers teach in schools. The level of difficulty of the subjects that are taught by teachers is comparatively lesser than the level of difficulty of the subjects that are taught by lecturers in college. 

A lecturer also plans lectures that are to be conducted whenever they are supposed to teach a particular chapter from their respective subject. They plan their lectures depending on the chapter that they are going to teach. They also plan a timeline for better management. They prepare students for further studies and research work.

What is Professor?

A professor is a teacher that teaches classes of all levels. These classes include graduate, undergraduate and they also teach the extra professional courses that are offered by colleges or other institutions. The qualifications required for reaching the academic rank of professor are different from the qualifications that are required for reaching the academic rank of lecturer.

A professor is an expert on the subject that they teach in the college. They belong to the highest rank of teaching professionals. The term professor was derived from a Latin word that means “a person who professes”. They help students in overall education, research work, and they also manage the administrative work.

Like lecturers, the term professors have different meanings in different countries. However, a professor needs to have a master’s degree as well as a doctorate degree. The other meaning of the term professor is “the person who is an expert in a certain field and the one who teaches it”. The first usage of this term was done in the fourteenth century.

The academic rank of professor is considered the highest rank in the teaching profession. It is one of the most honoured and recognized ranks. In many European countries, there are different types of professors. These two types include assistant professor and associate professor. A professor is an expert in the subject that they teach, and they have an experience that is more than many other ranks.

Main Differences Between Lecturer and Professor

  1. Lecturers are the academic rank that is below the academic rank of professor.
  2. The educational qualifications that are required for both the academic ranks are different.
  3. Lectures have comparatively less experience. On the other hand, professors have comparatively more experience.
  4. Since lecturers are new at their jobs and they have less experience, they get lower salaries. On the other hand, since professors are old at their jobs and they have more experience, they get more salaries.
  5. The lecturers teach at the undergraduate level. On the other hand, the professors teach at all levels, including graduate and undergraduate, and they also teach professional courses to students.
  6. The lecturers are not included in the tasks that are related to administration and management. On the other hand, the professors are included in the tasks that are related to administration and management.
  7. The lecturers either have tenure positions or do not have tenure positions. On the other hand, most of the professors do have tenure positions.
  8. The lecturer is the initial stage and the beginning rank in the teaching profession. On the other hand, the professor is the highest and the more experienced stage and rank in the teaching profession.

Conclusion

Both lecturers and professors have the same motive of teaching students and helping them in their studies. They work hard to make sure that the students learn and understand the concepts relevant to their course.

In different countries, the terms professor and lecturer have different meanings and interpretations. However, both are equally important and are a crucial part of the education system of a country.

References

  1. https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S1877042812017661
  2. https://www.emerald.com/insight/content/doi/10.1108/02683949710189111/full/html
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