Difference Between Part Time and Full Time (With Table)

When a person works for another person or company, the work is termed as his job. But depending on multiple features, the nature of this job is determined. By nature, here we mean the time frame and other necessary conditions and their applicability on a person’s job or employment.  

Depending on the circumstance, the two most popular forms of the job are part Time and Full Time. The difference between them lies in their hours, perks and the monetary benefits, etc.  

Part Time vs Full Time  

The difference between Part-Time and Full Time and is that the former denotes work where work hours get reduced, generally for up to 50%. While in the latter the work hours get increased for almost double. Apart from the difference in duration, these two differ in terms of their perks, regulations, locations, and many more aspects upon which this article shall focus. 

On the contrary, Part-Time is any work that requires less involvement of the person and offers fewer benefits accordingly. It might be a part-time job requiring the person to devote anything between 2 hours to 8 hours a day, or it can be a part-time course allowing remote education. These conditions are nowhere specified and totally vary from place to place. One thing which remains constant is that a part-time requires less involvement than what a full time does. 

A Full Time as the name itself suggests, is any work that is considered full-time work as per the industry standards or the organization. It might be a job, a course, or any such thing related to skills. People working full time happen to be eligible for certain receivables from the end of the organization, and people studying full time are also supposed to fulfil certain duties. 

Comparison Table Between Part Time and Full Time 

Parameters of Comparison Part Time Full Time 
Meaning  It is any work that requires less involvement of the person and offers fewer benefits accordingly.  It is any work that is considered full-time work as per the industry standards or the organization. 
Time duration It has a less time duration compared to the full time. It has more hours as the time duration of the performance. 
Salary   The salary happens to be based upon the amount of work usually A full-time salary as per the industry standards is given for full-time work. 
Duties  A part-time work entails a small set of duties or functions.  A full-time work entails a complete set of duties or functions. 
Other benefits Benefits which are given to the full-time workers are not given to part-time workers.  health insurance, transport allowance, pension plans. Etc. are given to a full-time person. 

What is Part Time? 

Part Time can be defined by the name itself. It refers to any work or course which is joined for a less duration as compared to its full-time version. It can be a job, an academic course, or any skill intended to be learned. The ideal time duration of part-time work is not explicitly defined anywhere but looking at the ongoing practices, it ranges somewhere between 2 hours to 8 hours daily.  

However, this duration can be weekly, monthly, or season-wise as well. In a normal course, part-time work does not entail those benefits which are obtained by a person working full time. But with the changes in time, some companies have started giving certain benefits to all their employees despite them being part-time workers. 

A person may work in a company part-time, or a person may study for a course part-time. Certain examples are- 

  1. A student has joined a designing course which he attends for 1 lecture every day. This will be entitled to part time work only.  
  2. A person works from home for a company where he designs posters for them. he receives $10 for each poster and works only on weekends.

What is Full Time? 

The term Full-Time is nowhere defined precisely but keeping in mind the industry trends and practices, it can be defined as a job that requires the employee to work somewhere between 35 to 40 hours in a week. However, this stipulated time frame is subject to many variations depending on various industries and countries, but it can be understood by a specific point of 40 hours plus or minus. 

But the number of hours is not the only thing by which this term can be defined. In terms of job or employment, hours are accompanied by other factors such as perks received, salary received, and other things. But in terms of education or any other field, it can be explained a phenomenon in which the complete involvement of a person is required. 

This term can better be understood by the following examples- 

  1. A person employed in a company works 9 hours a day and receives 2 paid leaves in a month along with 4 sick leaves. He is paid $5000 a month and receives health insurance from the company. 
  2. A student has joined a liberal arts course and attends 5 lectures daily.  

(In both of the examples mentioned before, these people are doing things full-time.) 

Main Differences Between Part Time and Full Time 

  1. It is any work that requires less involvement of the person and offers fewer benefits accordingly. It might be a part time job requiring the person to devote anything between 2 hours to 8 hours a day. A Full Time as the name itself suggests, is any work that is considered full-time work as per the industry standards or the organization. 
  2. For a part time job, a person might work between 2 to 8 hours, and for a part time course etc., a person might attend it weekly or a few hours a day. But for a full time, job a person might work up to 8 hours or more, and for a full time, course a person shall attend full classes daily. 
  3. The salary in Part-time work happens to be based upon the amount of work usually. However, it might be pre-determined as well. But for a Full-time work full-time salary as per the industry standards is given. 
  4. A part time work entails a small set of duties or functions. While full-time work entails a complete set of duties or functions. 
  5. Certain benefits such as health insurance, transport allowance, pension plans. etc. are given to a full-time person, which is not given to a part time person. 

Conclusion  

While a number of people can be found pursuing any of these jobs, the popularity remains with one more than the other. However, with the passage of time, people are acknowledging both these jobs because of understanding their differences and benefits. 

While part-time work is suitable for a person who is managing multiple things at once or is still pursuing his education, full-time work is suitable for those people who are completely devoting themselves to one thing only.  

References  

  1. https://journals.sagepub.com/doi/abs/10.1177/1071791907308053
  2. https://link.springer.com/chapter/10.1007/978-3-319-13144-3_49
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