Difference Between Locust and Cicada

Locusts resemble grasshoppers. They have wings and antennas. They are long with long back legs. They are noticed as the destroyer of the crops and plants.

Cicada is similar to bug. Cicada does not demolish crops while feeding themselves, but they tend to destroy the plants while laying eggs on them.

Comparison Table Between Locust and Cicada

Parameters of ComparisonLocustCicada
Family Locusts belong to the family of. AcrididaeCicadas belong to the family of Cicadidae.
TypeThis is a type of grasshopper.This is a type of bug.
SizeLocusts can be up to four inches long.Cicadas are generally two inches long.
Life spanOnce the eggs of the locusts hatch, they only live for three to five months.Once the eggs of the cicadas hatch, the cicadas become nymphs and go underground where they can live up to 17 years.
FoodLocusts feed themselves with the leaves and any other softer parts of plants. Cicadas consume the liquid that is available inside the stems, roots, and branches of any plant.

What is Locust?

Locusts are from the family of Acrididae and share similarities in appearance with grasshoppers. Locusts stay green before they reach their swarming stage.

Locusts are known for eating all kinds of leafy plants, soft parts of the plants and grasses. Sometimes they also consume from dead insects as well in case of inadequacy of fresh leaves.

A solitary female locust is capable of laying about 95-158 eggs, and a gregarious female locust is competent to lay around 80 eggs.

What is Cicada?

Cicada comes from the family of Cicadidae that is associated with bugs. Cicada can be divided into two types, periodical and annual.

Usually, the cicadas are two inches long. They have big, yellowish-orange coloured transparent wings that protect the insects from water and as well as bacteria.

A Cicada lives a long life. They lay their eggs on plants, and while doing so, they damage the plants. After the eggs get hatched, they become nymphs and shift to underground burrows.

Main Differences Between Locust and Cicada

  1. Locust swarm and destroy the path behind them, but cicadas do not swarm like locusts.
  2. After the laid eggs are hatched, the locusts do not live long. They live for 3 to 5 months after that and then die. But cicadas, on the contrary, lives up to 17 years underground.
Difference Between Locust and Cicada


These two insects, locust and cicada, share some similarities. Both share some physical features, such as both have wings to fly. Both of the two are capable of making buzzing sounds.

They also have the same food habits, both of them feast on the plants, but cicada does not ruin the vegetation or crops while doing so.

Both can be seen in large groups, but they do not harm humans even though the group of insects seems aggressive and dangerous.

The destruction caused by cicadas is not as serious as the destruction caused by the locusts. Even though cicadas damage plants to some extent while laying eggs.


  1. https://link.springer.com/chapter/10.1057/9780230206472_13
  2. https://www.jstor.org/stable/2406585
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