Difference Between Look and See (With Table)

If we talk about English words, then many such words have the same meaning but their place of use is different. Such words sometimes confuse us a lot, but before using any word it is necessary to decide for what purpose that a word is being used. So for that, we need to understand the difference between those words deeply. For example, if we talk about the differences between look and see, both the words are related to watching something but yet they are quite different from each other.

Look vs See

The main difference between Look and See is that look means you look compulsively to pay more attention to things and see means that you look at things that appear to you unconsciously or you keep your eyes on them without any intention. Both are used as verbs for the visual sense. 

Look means to look at something with some intention. To look at a particular thing, when we turn our eyes towards that thing, then this word is used for that attitude there. Although we watch many things in our daily life, we usually forget because we do not pay attention to them. But if we look at something carefully, we remember that thing.

See means when our eyes suddenly fall on something or we see something without any intention. We see many such things in our everyday life, behind which we have no intention. See is only used in places where there is no purpose. Seeing includes active recognition and understanding. One can look at what is lost but not see it.

Comparison Table Between Look and See

Parameters of ComparisonLookSee
DefinitionLook is used when a person looks at something with some intention.See is used when there’s no intention or purpose.
EtymologyLook originated from west Germanic, locian, and German, lūgen. See Originated from middle English, seen, and old English seõn.
PurposeWhen you’re simply moving your eyes to some object or person or a placeWhen you simply happen to notice something.
Related termsLook ahead, look up, look at are some of the related words to LookSee-through, see after, see to are some of the related words to See
ExampleLook up ahead traffic is terrible.I can’t wait to see my favourite band.

What is Look?

Look means focusing on what you are looking for. “Look” is used when you give forceful attention to the object. It is used when one thing is to be seen. To “look” means to look at something with some intention, even if we have known it for a short time.

The first known use of look in the sense defined intransitive meaning 1 is as a verb before the 12th century.  Whereas as a noun, the word was first used in the 13th century in the sense defined in meaning 1a.  If we talk about the history and etymology to look at, the word originated first from the word locian which is from Middle English and Old English. It also originated from West Germanic, German, lūgen. 

It is a kind of deliberate action. For example, you look at something that means you made your deliberating act. Gazing at something is also a part of this. It is more intentional or comes with a purpose which could be anything. If we consider the definition of look then according to Edward Glee, it is something to make an assurance on something which is done or censor which confirms that no man is living idly. 

What is See?

To “see” means to notice and be aware of an unknown thing or person with one’s own eyes. It is something that comes in our vision that we are not looking for. Before this action, it creates an image in our eyes and brain from which we can see. Seeing means that we are looking but our attention is not there. It is used where we are not focused. Seeing is considered a normal function of the eyes. 

See means when our eyes suddenly fall on something or we see something without any intention. We see many such things in our everyday life, behind which we have no intention. See is only used in places where there is no purpose. Seeing includes active recognition and understanding. One can look at what is lost but not see it.

It is not a deliberate action. For example, when we saw someone accidentally, we made a non-deliberating act. It is also sometimes used under intentional action, especially when it means ‘visited’. “Doctor seeing a  patient” denotes a deliberate action, not accidental. 

If we talk about the etymology of this word, then it is believed that this word has come from the word seen which is from Middle English and seōn word of old English.

Main Differences Between Look and See

  1. Look is used when a person looks at something with some intention. See is used when there’s no intention or purpose.
  2. Look originated from west Germanic, locian, and German, lūgen.
  3. See Originated from middle English, seen, and old English seõn.
  4. The purpose of look is when you’re simply moving your eyes to some object or person or a place.
  5. The purpose of seeing is when you simply happen to notice something.
  6. The look is a deliberate action whereas the see is not a deliberate action. But sometimes the word see is used under deliberate action especially when it means “visited”. The doctor seeing a patient” denotes a deliberate action, not accidental. 

Conclusion

So here, we conclude that look means you look compulsively to pay more attention to things and see means that you look at things that appear to you unconsciously or you keep your eyes on them without any intention. Both are used as verbs for the visual sense. There are subtle differences between these two words. One is used under deliberate action while the other one is not a deliberate action. Their origins are also different. Look originated from west Germanic, locian, and German, lūgen whereas See Originated from middle English, seen, and old English seõn. So this is how they are different from each other. 

References

  1. https://link.springer.com/chapter/10.1007/978-94-009-4498-5_7
  2. https://academic.oup.com/ejcts/article-abstract/33/6/1082/506453
  3. https://eprints.soton.ac.uk/368472/1/The%2520Provocation%2520to%2520Look%2520and%2520See%2520-%2520Appropriation%252C%2520Recollection%2520and%2520Formal%2520Indication.pdf
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