Difference Between Hindi and Arabic (With Table)

Many people are unfamiliar with new languages, which creates many confusions in their minds. For example, when we talk about Hindi and Arabic language, then in a way we are talking about apples and oranges. But for those who do not know about them, they are similar in a way, and thus also causes confusion.

Hindi vs Arabic

The difference between Hindi and Arabic is that Hindi is the language spoken by the people of the Asian Subcontinent whereas Arabic is the language spoken by the Arabs. Hindi is similar to Urdu whereas Arabic is similar to Amharic and Hebrew. Hindi is scripted in Devanagari while Arabic is scripted in Arabic itself. 

Hindi originated in the 7th century. It’s a subgroup of Indo-Iranians. The branch of Hindi is Indic. It comes from the Indo-European language family. Hindi is similar to Urdu. This is an official language of India that is primarily spoken in the northern part of India. It is scripted in Devanagari.

Arabic originated in 512CE. It’s a subgroup of Semitic. The branch of Arabic is North Arabic. It comes from the Afro-Asiatic Family, Semitic Family. Arabic is similar to Amharic and Hebrew. The Arabic language is heard and spoken more in the Middle East and northern part of Africa. It is scripted in Arabic itself.

Comparison Table Between Hindi and Arabic 

Parameters of ComparisonHindiArabic
DefinitionHindi is the language spoken by Indians. This is an official language of India that is mainly spoken in the northern part of India.Arabic is the language spoken by Arab people.  The Arabic language is heard and spoken more in the Middle East and northern part of Africa.
Speaking ContinentsAsia, OceaniaAfrica, Asia
Regulated byHindi is regulated by the central Hindi directorate.Arabic is regulated by the Academy of the Arabic language, the Arabic language of the international council.
Similar toHindi is similar to UrduArabic is similar to Amharic and Hebrew
ScriptHindi is scripted in Devanagari.Arabic is scripted in Arabic itself.

What is Hindi?

Hindi is mainly prevalent in the southern districts of Delhi, India, Western Pradesh, and Uttarakhand. When the Mughals ruled, it was seen and used as Urdu or the language expressed orally in the courts of the domain. Mainly, people of India and Pakistan use this language during a conversation, and history has separated it from the Urdu language. It is not only considered as a local language but it has also been generalized. In 1881 this language was acquired and was fully adopted in India.

It was completely dependent on Khariboli’s local language and it became a common language after it was annexed by India. After generalization, it was considered separate from the Urdu language. This language is mostly spoken in India.

The word Hindi first comes from Urdu. This is also equivalent to Persian hind. On 14 September 1949 Hindi was declared as an official language and 14 September was also celebrated as Hindi Day. Even though Indians celebrate Hindi day, Hindi is not the National language of India. It is mostly spoken in the northern part of India.

Hindi is regulated by the central Hindi directorate. The branch of Hindi is Indic. It comes from the Indo-European language family. Hindi is similar to Urdu. It is scripted in Devanagari.

What is Arabic?

The Arabic language is the language spoken by the Arab people. This language came to light in the 6th century AD. There are mainly two types of the Arabic language, advanced standard and traditional. These were both spoken languages, yet traditional is mostly used in writing, while cutting-edge traditional is the official language used for keynote discussions and presentation of reports. Advanced Standard Type Arabic is the most spoken language. And thus it has made steady progress.

The Arabic language is heard and spoken more in the Middle East and northern part of Africa. It has many varieties, and other languages ​​that have been greatly influenced by this language are the dialects of Hebrew, Hindi, and Egyptian. Even in Europe, this language was used in many subjects.

The reality of this language still exists today and is exceptionally alive today. Furthermore, Arabic is not considered to be in its early stage due to the influence of Greek, Hebrew, and Syriac dialects, yet its solid setting makes the language more interesting. 

Arabic is regulated by the Academy of the Arabic language, the Arabic language of the international council. The branch of Arabic is North Arabic. It comes from the Afro-Asiatic Family, Semitic Family. Arabic is similar to Amharic and Hebrew. It is scripted in Arabic itself.

Main Differences Between Hindi and Arabic

  1. Hindi is the language spoken by Indians. This is an official language of India that is primarily spoken in the northern part of India. 
  2. Arabic is the language spoken by Arab people. The Arabic language is heard and spoken more in the Middle East and northern part of Africa.
  3. The speaking Continents of Hindi is Asia and Oceania whereas the speaking Continents of Arabic is Africa and Asia
  4. Hindi is regulated by the central Hindi directorate whereas Arabic is regulated by the Academy of the Arabic language, the Arabic language of the international council.
  5. Hindi is similar to Urdu whereas Arabic is similar to Amharic and Hebrew.

Conclusion

So as we can see, both Hindi and Arabic are a bit influenced by each other because of the invasion of Turkish, Afghanis. Hindi is popular in Asian Subcontinent whereas Arabic is mostly spoken by Western Asian countries and northern countries of Africa. Hindi is not the National language of any country, however, Arabic is the national language of Egypt, Algeria, Sudan, etc, Hindi is approximately 200 years old whereas Arabic is 1500 years old, so we can conclude here though Hindi and Arabic have a history together with their origination history, spoken by, regulatory council, etc.

References

  1. https://link.springer.com/chapter/10.1007/978-94-017-8545-7_4
  2. https://www.aclweb.org/anthology/W04-1502.pdf
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