As the word suggests, Marine Insurance protects against damages caused during transit via the sea. It has various subtypes and provides for any losses incurred during the journey until the goods reach their destination.
- Marine insurance covers the risks associated with shipping goods by sea, while cargo insurance specifically covers the loss or damage of goods during transit.
- Marine insurance covers a wider range of risks, including damage to the ship or crew, while cargo insurance is more focused on the cargo itself.
- Marine insurance is often required by law for ships and shipping companies, while cargo insurance is optional and can be purchased by the shipper or receiver of the goods.
Marine vs Cargo Insurance
The difference between Marine Insurance and Cargo Insurance is that marine insurance covers a lot of benefits, and the insured party gets an option to choose from the subtypes. In contrast, cargo insurance covers the losses that are caused due to timing delay of the ship or an accident as it is only a subtype of marine insurance.
On the other hand, Cargo insurance is also a subtype of Marine insurance. It also covers damages caused to goods in transportation via land and air.
It protects freight if any damages are caused to the products in transit.
Marine and cargo insurance are both essential for the protection of goods during international trade, but marine coverages also encompass many other aspects.
|Parameter of Comparison||Marine Insurance||Cargo Insurance|
|Scope||Marine Insurance has a lesser extent.||Cargo insurance has a broader scope.|
|Subtypes||Its subtypes include Hull Insurance, Cargo Insurance, Freight Insurance and Marine Liability Insurance.||Its subtypes include land cargo and marine cargo insurance. These are further divided into categories based on duration.|
|Risk covered||It protects against damages caused due to perils of the sea based on the plans chosen.||It covers the risk of damage caused due to lightning, fire, explosion, storm, earthquakes, etc.|
|Type of Transportation||Marine Insurance only includes sea transits.||It provides for losses against damages caused during transit via land, sea or air.|
|Introduction||The first marine insurance company was Lloyd’s Coffee House.||It’s the first type of marine cargo insurance introduced by Edward Lloyd.|
|Customization||It is highly customizable.||It does not provide as many customization options as marine insurance.|
What is Marine Insurance?
Edward Lloyd introduced marine insurance in the 1680s. The overseas trade from London has made marine insurance a necessity.
Lloyd owned a coffee shop which the merchants and ship owners frequented. Thus, he started the first marine insurance company, Lloyd’s Coffee House.
It is a highly customizable form of insurance to protect the insured against losses incurred due to damages caused during oversea transit. There are different types of Marine Insurance: Hull insurance, Cargo Insurance, Freight Insurance and Marine Liability Insurance.
Hull insurance provides for losses caused because of waterborne damages. Freight insurance protects the insured against freight losses caused by cargo loss or accident.
Marine Liability insurance is to provide for damages caused due to collisions or crashes.
What is Cargo Insurance?
Cargo refers to the goods that are being transported. During transportation, the products can get damaged for several reasons, which is where cargo insurance comes into play.
Any damage caused to the goods is covered by cargo insurance. This includes accidents caused during transit via air, sea or land.
This provides security to the insured until the time goods reach their destination.
Land cargo provides for losses caused by collisions, theft, etc. it is within the country’s boundaries. Marine Insurance covers losses for reasons like damages while loading/unloading, weather conditions, etc.
Other types of cargo insurance include open cover cargo, specific cargo, contingency cargo insurance, etc. Based on risk, cargo insurance can be categorized into all dangers, free of particular averages and shipment by shipment insurance.
In all risk coverage types of cargo insurance, the insured is even protected against damages caused due to improper packaging, abandonment, infestation, rejection, invasion, fire, riots, etc. The free of particular average insurance type covers losses caused due to collision, weather conditions, sinking, theft, earthquake etc.
The shipment by shipment insurance type provides for losses caused due to damages to the shipping vessel. Acts of war and God are excluded from the coverage.
Main Differences Between Marine and Cargo Insurance
- Marine Insurance is only for goods transported via sea through ships and other vessels. Cargo insurance provides for damages to products in transit via land, sea or air.
- Marine Insurance is divided into four categories: Hull, Cargo, Freight, and Marine Liability Insurance. Cargo insurance is divided into two groups, namely land cargo and marine cargo.
- Edward Lloyd introduced Marine Insurance, whereas Cargo insurance came into existence with its subtype, i.e., marine cargo, which was also a part of marine insurance.
- Marine Insurance is highly customizable, whereas Cargo insurance is not as customizable as compared to the former.
- Marine Insurance has a limited scope as it is restricted to travel via sea, whereas cargo insurance covers land, sea and air, thus, having a broader reach.
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Chara Yadav holds MBA in Finance. Her goal is to simplify finance-related topics. She has worked in finance for about 25 years. She has held multiple finance and banking classes for business schools and communities. Read more at her bio page.