Click Here for Our Recommended Antivirus for Your Device

Difference Between Marine and Cargo Insurance

As the word suggests, Marine Insurance protects against damages caused during transit via the sea. It has various subtypes and provides for any losses incurred during the journey until the goods reach their destination.

/10

Business Quiz

Test your knowledge about topics related to business

1 / 10

Office is a place where ___________.

2 / 10

Which of the following is not a manufacturing industry?

3 / 10

Working capital means _________.

4 / 10

Non-economic activities aim at __________.

5 / 10

Modular furniture __________.

6 / 10

Who takes no active part in Business?

7 / 10

Who is the servant of the firm with a share in the profits?

8 / 10

In case of death or insolvency of a partner the firm is?

9 / 10

A building jointly owned is called office________.

10 / 10

Importing goods for the purpose of re-export is termed as ___________.

Your score is

0%

Marine vs Cargo Insurance

The difference between Marine Insurance and Cargo Insurance is that marine insurance covers a lot of benefits, and the insured party gets an option to choose from the subtypes. In contrast, cargo insurance covers the losses that are caused due to timing delay of the ship or an accident as it is only a subtype of marine insurance.

Marine vs Cargo insurance

Want to save this article for later? Click the heart in the bottom right corner to save to your own articles box!

On the other hand, Cargo insurance is also a subtype of Marine insurance. It also covers damages caused to goods in transportation via land and air.

It protects freight if any damages are caused to the products in transit.

Marine and cargo insurance are both essential for the protection of goods during international trade, but marine coverages also encompass many other aspects.


Parameter of ComparisonMarine InsuranceCargo Insurance
ScopeMarine Insurance has a lesser extent.Cargo insurance has a broader scope.
SubtypesIts subtypes include Hull Insurance, Cargo Insurance, Freight Insurance and Marine Liability Insurance.Its subtypes include land cargo and marine cargo insurance. These are further divided into categories based on duration.
Risk coveredIt protects against damages caused due to perils of the sea based on the plans chosen.It covers the risk of damage caused due to lightning, fire, explosion, storm, earthquakes, etc.
Type of TransportationMarine Insurance only includes sea transits.It provides for losses against damages caused during transit via land, sea or air.
IntroductionThe first marine insurance company was Lloyd’s Coffee House.It’s the first type of marine cargo insurance introduced by Edward Lloyd.
CustomizationIt is highly customizable.It does not provide as many customization options as marine insurance.

 

What is Marine Insurance?

Edward Lloyd introduced marine insurance in the 1680s. The overseas trade from London has made marine insurance a necessity.

Lloyd owned a coffee shop which the merchants and ship owners frequented. Thus, he started the first marine insurance company, Lloyd’s Coffee House.

It is a highly customizable form of insurance to protect the insured against losses incurred due to damages caused during oversea transit. There are different types of Marine Insurance: Hull insurance, Cargo Insurance, Freight Insurance and Marine Liability Insurance.

Hull insurance provides for losses caused because of waterborne damages. Freight insurance protects the insured against freight losses caused by cargo loss or accident.

Marine Liability insurance is to provide for damages caused due to collisions or crashes.

marine insurance
 

What is Cargo Insurance?

Cargo refers to the goods that are being transported. During transportation, the products can get damaged for several reasons, which is where cargo insurance comes into play.

Any damage caused to the goods is covered by cargo insurance. This includes accidents caused during transit via air, sea or land.

This provides security to the insured until the time goods reach their destination.

Land cargo provides for losses caused by collisions, theft, etc. it is usually within the country’s boundaries. Marine Insurance covers losses for reasons like damages while loading/unloading, weather conditions, etc.

Other types of cargo insurance include open cover cargo, specific cargo, contingency cargo insurance, etc. Based on risk, cargo insurance can be categorized into all dangers, free of particular averages and shipment by shipment insurance.

In all risk coverage types of cargo insurance, the insured is even protected against damages caused due to improper packaging, abandonment, infestation, rejection, invasion, fire, riots, etc. The free of particular average insurance type covers losses caused due to collision, weather conditions, sinking, theft, earthquake etc.

The shipment by shipment insurance type provides for losses caused due to damages to the shipping vessel. Acts of war and God are excluded from the coverage.

cargo insurance

Main Differences Between Marine and Cargo Insurance

  1. Marine Insurance is only for goods transported via sea through ships and other vessels. Cargo insurance provides for damages to products in transit via land, sea or air.
  2. Marine Insurance is divided into four categories: Hull, Cargo, Freight, and Marine Liability Insurance. Cargo insurance is divided into two groups, namely land cargo and marine cargo.
  3. Edward Lloyd introduced Marine Insurance, whereas Cargo insurance came into existence with its subtype, i.e., marine cargo, which was also a part of marine insurance.
  4. Marine Insurance is highly customizable, whereas Cargo insurance is not as customizable as compared to the former.
  5. Marine Insurance has a limited scope as it is restricted to travel via sea, whereas cargo insurance covers land, sea and air, thus, having a broader reach.
Difference Between Marine and Cargo Insurance

References
  1. https://heinonline.org/hol-cgi-bin/get_pdf.cgi?handle=hein.journals/tulr66&section=19
  2. https://nsuworks.nova.edu/cgi/viewcontent.cgi?referer=https://scholar.google.com/&httpsredir=1&article=1118&context=ilsajournal/
One request?

I’ve put so much effort writing this blog post to provide value to you. It’ll be very helpful for me, if you consider sharing it on social media or with your friends/family. SHARING IS ♥️

Leave a Comment

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *