Difference Between Maundy Thursday and Good Friday

Every religion has its own faiths, cultures, rituals, and important occasions. Like that, a part of the world follows the Christian religion and celebrates the holy week. Maundy Thursday and Good Friday are a significant part of the holy culture and are declared as public holidays in some parts of the world.

Maundy Thursday vs Good Friday

The main difference between Maundy Thursday and Good Friday is based on the meaning and importance of these respective days of the holy week. Maundy Thursday is the one that commemorates Jesus Christ and it is meant to recall the Last Supper and washing of the feet of Jesus Christ whereas Good Friday is connected with the crucifixion and the death of the Great Jesus Christ.

Maundy Thursday vs Good Friday

Maundy Thursday belongs to the holy week which is commonly known as Holy Thursday is the day from which Paschal Triduum is initiated. It is a part of the holy week. On this day, the community shows their faith and commemorates the Last Supper and Washing of the Feet of Jesus Christ. It is also known as the Sheer Thursday.

Good Friday is known by the whole world as it is officially announced as a public holiday. It also belongs to the holy week. On the 6th day of the holy week, Good Friday is celebrated. On this day, the whole community prays and recalls the death of Christ along with his crucifixion. It is also called and known by the name of Holy Friday.

Comparison Table Between Maundy Thursday and Good Friday

Parameters of ComparisonMaundy ThursdayGood Friday
DefinedMaundy Thursday pays respects to the Last Supper and Washing of the Feet of Jesus Christ.Good Friday pays respects and recalls the death of Christ along with his crucifixion  
Another nameThe other names for Maundy Thursday are Great and Holy Thursday, Thursday of Mysteries, and Sheer Thursday.Holy Friday, Great Friday, Great and Holy Friday (also Holy and Great Friday), and Black Friday.
Day of the weekIt comes on Thursday in the holy week.It comes on Friday in the holy week.  
HolidayMaundy Thursday is a public holiday in some parts of the world.Good Friday is recognized as a global holiday all over the world.
Paschal TriduumMaundy Thursday initiates Paschal Triduum period.Good Friday is a part of Paschal Triduum.

What is Maundy Thursday?

The beginning of the Paschal Triduum begins with Maundy Thursday. It is commonly known as Holy Thursday. It takes place within the Holy Week on the 5th day. The day of Maundy Thursday is Thursday. On this day, the community expresses its faith by commemorating the Last Supper and the Washing of Jesus Christ’s Feet. Sheer Thursday is another name for it. There are many other names for this like Holy and great Thursday or Covenant Thursday.

 Maundy Thursday is officially declared as a public in many countries of the world which were part of the Spanish empire. These countries include Spain, Peru, the Philippines, Mexico, Columbia, and many more.

There is a period called Paschal Triduum which indicates the values like death, passion, and resurrection of Jesus. This period is known to be initiated by Maundy Thursday. The word Maundy is referred to a Latin word that means commandment and represents Jesus saying “I give you a new Commandment”.

The other days which are included in this period are Holy Saturday and Good Friday. On Sunday evening this period is finished. The services are mostly worshipped in the evening time. According to the Jewish tradition, this is the time when Friday begins.

What is Good Friday?

Good Friday is a day that is known by the whole world, no matter people belong to the Christian community or not. The reason behind it is that it is declared as a public holiday all over the globe including many western countries too. There are many names from which Good Friday is recognized as such as Holy and Great Friday or Black Friday. Good Friday comes in the holy week and it is the 6th day as Friday on this day of the week.

All Christian communities and show their belief while recalling the death of Jesus Christ and crucifixion of Jesus Christ. It is also a part of the paschal triduum period. Many denominations belonging to Christian communities participate in Good Friday like Catholics orthodox, Oriental orthodox, Methodist, etc which observe Good Friday with many church services along with fasting.

The Gregorian and Julian calendars are those calendars that determine the dates of the holy week which also leads to the dates of Good Friday and Maundy Thursday. Many groups of Christianity are against these calendars’ computation which includes Eastern and Western Christianity.

Main Differences Between Maundy Thursday and Good Friday

  1. Maundy Thursday is dedicated to paying respects to Jesus Christ by recalling the Last Supper and Washing of the Feet of Jesus Christ whereas on Good Friday people recall the crucifixion of Jesus and Death of Jesus Christ.
  2. Other names of Maundy Thursday by which is known by the other parts of the world are Great and Holy Thursday, Covenant Thursday. The other names which come into the list are Holy and Great Thursday, Sheer Thursday, and Thursday of Mysteries while Good Friday is known by the names Holy Friday, Great Friday, Great and Holy Friday, and Black Friday.
  3. The days in a holy week which belongs to Maundy Thursday and Good Friday are the day of the week – Thursday and Friday respectively.
  4. Maundy Thursday is officially announced as a public holiday in many parts of the world whereas good Friday is a global public holiday.
  5. Paschal Triduum is initiated by Maundy Thursday whereas good Friday is considered as a part of Paschal Triduum

Conclusion

Each ritual and day in religion represents different beliefs of a community. It’s all based on the history and feelings related to it. Every new day is going to be a part of history a day later and may be proven to be a part of big religious values in the next few centuries.

Good Friday and Maundy Friday are such days in the life of the Christian community and connected with so many feelings for them. Each has its value and is celebrated or respected in its way. They may have some differences but they both are similar when they both belong to Jesus Christ.

References

  1. https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/abs/10.1080/0015587X.1937.9718677?journalCode=rfol20
  2. https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/abs/10.1080/0015587X.1936.9718659?journalCode=rfol20
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