Difference Between Mole and Vole (With Table)

Our planet Earth is blessed with millions of species. From aquatic animals to terrestrial organisms, it’s possible to survive among the rest of the planets in the universe. Plants, humans, and other species live here. Moles and voles are similar species that exist and live; however, it’s possible to get confused since both looks alike but are different.

Mole vs Vole

The difference between mole and vole is that moles are not rodents, but voles are rodents. Also, their consumption is different from the voles. Mole is carnivores that feed on organisms, insects, grubs, worms but voles are herbivores that feed on plants, herbs, shrubs and remaining plants.

Moles are one of the smallest creatures that live and feed on insects, worms, and grubs. They are adapted to a subterranean lifestyle and have cylindrical bodies just like a mouse. Mostly found in North America, Europe, and Asia. Since their Structure is small and runs on the crust, they have tiny eyes, ears, and reduced hindlimbs. Moles are destructive and can destroy the fertile soil by corroding it and eventually the death of several earthworms that help in the growth of the crops and seeds.

Voles, on the other hand, are alike moles but differ in eating style and appearance. These are rodents and feed on plants, herbs, shrubs. These relate to hamsters and have a stouter body with small eyes, ears, hair, and a small tail. These are also known as meadow mice or field mice since they’re destructive. Voles are somehow too destructive since they feed on plants destroying the roots and the herbs and shrubs within a week.

Comparison Table Between Mole and Vole

Parameters of ComparisonMoleVole
DefinitionMoles are small creatures whose eyes and ears aren’t easily visible.Voles are creatures who have small eyes and ears but slightly visible.
Feeding systemMoles feed on insects, worms, grubs.Voles feed on plants and crops, and meadows.
CategoryMoles are carnivores and feed on animals.Voles are herbivores.
BurrowingMoles believe in burrowing and storing food.Voles don’t burrow and feed instantly on flower buds, bulbs.
ReproductionMoles reproduce slowly and gradually increase their population.Voles reproduce faster and can triple the family size in a week.

What is Mole?

Well, millions of creatures are there, and still, we have discovered few of them. Science and technology have made it possible to see them with microscopes and small magnifiers—every organism help in maintaining the cycle either this way or the other.

Moles are carnivore creatures that are terrestrial and live on land. They feed on animals, insects, grubs, worms dug deep into the soil. Well, fortunately, it’s possible to study and understand the anatomy of many smallest creatures that exist. They are cylindrically shaped with tiny ears, eyes, hairy tail and small body crawling on the ground.

These are mostly found in Parts of North America, Europe and Asia. These are generally considered pests for humans since they destroy the chemicals and worms that help in the growth of crops. But there are some advantages of moles as well. They preserve an ecosystem by eliminating excess worms and insects that can destroy the farmlands and products.

They’re found to be tolerant to higher levels of CO2 than other mammals since their blood cells incorporate special haemoglobin that’s affluent with Oxygen. These have 4 paws that help them to run faster on the ground. The gestation period of moles is around two and a half months. These are resistant to several climatic factors because of special blood cells inside them that allows them to live in harsh and cool climates.

What is Vole?

Some species look alike but have different characteristics, like confusing mice with moles and voles. Voles are tiny creatures that run on the land. They’re not aquatic animals. They’re terrestrial organisms that feed on plants, flowers, petals, buds, bulbs and are categorised under herbivorous animals.

Voles aren’t rodents and don’t burrow. Instead, they believe in an on-the-spot feed system. They’re relative of lemmings and hamsters, and it’s okay to get confused. Well, they incorporate a hairy tail, slightly round head, tiny ears and eyes as well.

Voles are also considered meadow mice. Around 155 different vole species are existing on earth. They grow around 3-8 inches and sometimes depend upon the species. Gestation lasts for 3 weeks, and young voles arrive at sexual maturity in a month.

Since their sexual time is less, they tend to reproduce faster and quicker than other species, and as a result, they can triple the family size within half a month. The average life span is 3-5 months. Some voles rarely live 13 months. It’s studied that more than 80% of voles die within the first month of their life due to various causes.

Main Differences Between Mole and Vole

  1. Moles are rodents, while voles are not rodents.
  2. Moles are carnivores and feed on earthworms, insects, grubs, while voles are herbivores and feed on plants, trees, bulbs, buds, petals.
  3. Moles are tiny structure species, and their eyes and ears aren’t viable quickly while parts of voles are easily identified.
  4. Moles tend to burrow in tunnels, while voles don’t burrow in tunnels. Moles try to store their food while voles don’t believe in store for future.
  5. Moles reproduce slowly and gradually while voles reproduce faster and swiftly.


Studies and experimental trials have made these conclusions and eventually the antidotes to fight In case they destroy in excess. Species like these have pros and cons within themselves, encompassing several properties and characteristics. Scientists are still discovering more species and organisms for the advancement of technology and the field of animals. Although, it is not easy to identify and study every species since they possess different and rare characteristics.

It’s important to understand the basic difference between legit points to make a valid difference between them. However, these same looking creatures often tend to confuse, but with deep learning and knowledge, it’s easy to identify.

It’s important to understand the basic difference between legit points to make a valid difference between them. However, these same looking creatures often tend to confuse but with deep learning and knowledge, it’s easy to identify.


  1. https://science.sciencemag.org/content/292/5516/468.abstract
  2. https://www.jstor.org/stable/24941514
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