Difference Between Money and Currency

Money and currency are closely connected. They almost seem to be the same. These two terms are used by people in everyday life.


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Monetary policy of a country is managed by

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Which of these is an International Financial Institution?

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What is the name of the investment vehicle where a group of individuals pool their money to invest in a portfolio of securities?

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What is a balance transfer in the context of credit cards?

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Which of the following is NOT a banking service?

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What is the primary function of a commercial bank?

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Money vs Currency

The difference between Money and Currency lies in their functionality. Money serves as a medium of exchange and is used for trading goods and services. It serves as a store of value as opposed to the currency which is used to make day to day payments. When we talk of currency, we mean hard money, such as paper notes and coins. Money is different from physical currency as money is based on mutual trust, and it is intangible.

Money vs Currency

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Money serves as a medium of exchange. It enables its holders to buy and sell goods and services all around the world.

Currency is a form of money such as rupee, euro, dollar, accepted as a mode of payment. It is money in circulation or money traded publicly.

Comparison Table

Parameters of ComparisonMoneyCurrency
UsesMoney represents the actual value of goods and services.Currency is a medium used to make day-to-day payments.
Store of valueIt serves as a store of value.It is just used to make transactions.
TangibilityIt is intangible, i.e., it cannot be seen or touched.It is tangible i.e., it can be seen as well as touched like paper notes and coins.
FunctionsIt performs mainly four functions: medium of exchange, store of value, measure of value, and standard of deferred payments.It performs the function of financing day-to-day transactions.
ExamplesSome of its examples are money in the bank(saving account, fixed deposit account), plastic money like credit cards, etc.Its examples are paper notes(soft money) and metal coins(soft money).

What is Money?

Money, also called Legal tender money, serves as a medium of exchange of goods and services in the economy. It serves as a means of payment.

  1. Medium of exchange: Money serves as a medium of exchange. Medium of exchange means that a buyer can purchase the goods and services, and the seller can sell the prospective goods and services.
  2. Store of value: Money has purchasing power which essentially means that it can cater to future needs. It is used as a store of value or wealth. 
  3. The measure of value: The introduction of money solved the problem of the barter system, where it was difficult to calculate the value of a good based on other goods.
  4. Standard of deferred payments: Money can be used for making future payments. This function of money led to the foundation of financial institutions.

Money is the basis of survival, freedom, and financial security. 


What is Currency?

Currency is used to describe ‘money in circulation. It refers to money held by people in the form of soft money like paper notes and hard money like coins.

Currency has been in circulation for more than a thousand years. It facilitates trade across different countries. US Dollars are regarded as the most widely accepted currency in the world.

Foreign Exchange(FOREX) provides a platform to facilitate the exchange of national currencies. It creates a system of buyers and sellers who wish to trade the currencies and earn profit.

Recently a new kind of currency has been introduced in the economy called virtual currency. The virtual currency has no physical existence or government backing.


Main Differences Between Money and Currency

  1. Money cannot lose its buying power. On the other hand, currency may lose its power due to some RBI or government regulations.
  2. Money functions as a store of wealth, whereas currency is used to finance transactions without making the addition of one’s wealth.
Difference Between Money and Currency
  1. https://www.journals.uchicago.edu/doi/abs/10.1086/258056
  2. https://www.jstor.org/stable/40970658

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