Difference Between Mood and Affect (With Table)

When you study the different mental health-related issues of human beings, the two terms that come into okay are mood and affect. It is quite easy to interchange and it is difficult to understand these two terms as most people think they are the same thing or other. Though they go hand in hand, they are still different terms. 

Mood vs Affect

The difference between affect and mood can be rather complex at times. Psychology uses these two terms very closely. But, the simple way to explain is that affect is the expression when one feels a certain emotion while the mood is that certain emotional period. 

Comparison Table Between Mood and Affect

Parameters of ComparisonMood Affect
ImpactsA mood might be positive or negative leading you to do different types of things.Affect can be psychological or physiological and make you do things accordingly.
ResultMoods can make you change your behavior or nature.Affect normally results in a mood.
Time-periodIt is usually a long-term kind of occurrence. It takes place for a short time.
CauseThe mood is something that might not have a specific reason behind it. It is generally caused by a particular something.
ExamplesA person can be in different moods. Happy or sad moods are common examples.Euphoria, anger, and sadness are some of the most commonly found examples of affect.

What is Mood? 

In psychology, the mood is termed as the emotional state of a particular person. You might get the idea about the superficial nature of moods. There is no specific cause for moods. It is hard to predict what is causing a change in moods. 

They have a deep impact on people’s life. You might have often heard about people complaining that they are in a good or bad mood. A mood can change a person’s way of thinking or behaving. 

A good mood can make people happy and leave a positive impact in his/her life. Usually, happy people work more diligently and are often successful in doing things gracefully. On the other hand, a bad mood can hamper people’s life, and make them change their behavior. 

Moods can last longer. Depending on the personality of someone, moods can be rather long-term. If it goes on for a rather long time- it can even lead to certain psychological problems. Bipolar disorders and depressions are some of the examples of what a bad mood for a long time can do. 

What is Affect?

 We mainly use the word ‘affect’ like a verb in the English language. We use it to say ‘affects something’.  In Psychology ‘affect’ mainly tells about the mood. You can say that it describes the mood in a way. 

In simple words, you could say that the experience of going through various emotions in a person is known as affect. Any emotional state that is observable by other persons is known as affect. Mainly changes in different facial expressions and gestures can cause other people to tell the affect. 

Affect is quite a debatable topic where people are still arguing on its different causes and effects. People still talk about the different physiological or psychological impacts affect can have on a particular individual. 

Some experts like to think of the fact that this does not require any cognitive functions and is automatic. Others claim that it is not fully automatic and still requires some level of cognitive function making it a post-cognitive function. However, most of the experts tend to agree on the fact that affect is something spontaneous.

It does require a certain stimulus or specific reason to occur unlike that of mood. We are quite well aware of its causes. It is short-lived unlike that of mood. You can also get an instant reaction out of affect. It does not take a long time like that of mood!

Main Differences Between Mood and Affect

  1. ‘Affect’ is something that covers a wide range of things in psychology. It can even cover emotions as well as mood. This term is something that represents all of the people’s feelings. On the other hand, a certain state of mind that occurs due to affect is termed as a mood in human beings. 
  2. A vital point of difference between the two terms is that affect is something that can be caused rather quickly. Anything- even slight stimuli can cause this affect according to psychology. But, in the case of mood, it usually occurs as a result of prolonged affect.
  3. Affect is rather short-term. But, it results in a change of mood which can last quite a long time. It also depends mainly on the characteristics and the personality of the person on how long these moods can last. They are long-termed as compared to affect. 
  4. Affect always has a cause. No matter how short-term it is or how small inconvenience it is- affect always tends to have a specific cause. On the other hand, you can never predict the cause of a mood. It does not seem that there is any particular reason or cause. Anything can cause a mood. 
  5. The initial response to any feeling in man is termed as affect in psychology. However, there is a debate going on as to how affect needs a cognitive function to perform. But, some people think this is post-cognitive. A mood can be positive or negative depending on the emotions the human is feeling. Positive and negative moods impact human lives and functions in their very own way. 

Conclusion 

Mood and affect are both psychological terms that can be quite confusing. People don’t know the proper place to use either of these. However, both of them play an important role when it comes to communication. We understand each other through our sound, facial gestures, or any other physical expressions. Therefore we can say mood and affect simply help us in knowing each other better. The mood can also be called another one of the states of affect besides emotion. It has quite a bit of control on our behaviors too. 

References

https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/abs/10.1207/s15327752jpa4901_18

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