Difference Between Morphology and Physiology (With Table)

By the structure of body parts and their relevant functions, any living organism can be represented easily. This can either in relevance with another or its own independence. In biology, there are several different branches. One is morphology, which is the study of organisms externally and internally with the study of their functioning. The word morphology is derived from the ancient Greek language, ‘morph’, which means form.

Physiology is another branch of biology that is the study of the functioning of body parts. This can be either independently or in association with another. To understand better, it can be said that physiology is the science of life and, along with it, is a process of life.

Morphology vs Physiology

The difference between morphology and physiology is that morphology is that branch of biology that studies structures or organisms, while physiology is that branch of biology that studies the functions of organisms and their different parts. Morphology is the study that includes both internal and outward features of a living organism. The process of evaluation of DNA takes place in the study of morphology, while in physiology, there is no DNA evaluation.

In biology, there are several different branches. One is morphology, which is the study of organisms externally and internally with the study of their functioning. The word morphology is derived from the ancient Greek language, ‘morph’, which means form. Morphology can be categorized into three different branches.

The term of physiology to comes from an ancient Greek word that is ‘physio’, which means life and logos in Greek means science. In physiology science, a system or a group of organs is described which is achieving a particular function in the body. For instance, a cardiovascular system includes a heart and other blood vessels.

Comparison Table Between Morphology and Physiology

Parameters of comparisonMorphologyPhysiology
Relation with scienceStudy of structures and shapes of living organisms.Study of functions of organs and their different functions.
ClassificationIt is classified as molecular and gross.It is classified as systematic.
Chemical reactionsThere is no chemical reaction involved in morphology.There is some chemical reaction in physiology.
Physical principlesThere are no physical principles in it.It includes physical principles and is run on them sometimes.
DNA evaluationEvaluation DNA takes place in morphology.There is no DNA evaluation in it.

What is Morphology?

Morphology is a branch of biology that includes the study of the structures and shapes of living organisms. It is categorized into three different forms. When there is the study of external body portion or evaluation of the appearance of an organism is called external morphology or economy. The study of internal body organs is internal morphology or anatomy.

The study that includes comparative morphology helps in ascertaining the origin of its evolution of different organisms. The other one is functional morphology that is the study of functions of every structure or various different organs of organisms. Then there is experimental morphology that is the study or some experimental conditions on the shapes and their forms of different organisms.

The classification of morphology can be gross morphology or molecular morphology. The gross morphology gives the description of overall and all the structure of an organism, while the molecular one is the description of arrangements of the genes that are present in the DNA. Bioinformatics uses such information.

What is Physiology?

Physiology is another branch of biology that is the study of the functioning of body parts. This can be either independently or in association with another. To understand better, it can be said that physiology is the science of life and, along with it, is a process of life. Physiology is a very vast concept describes the biophysical along with the biochemical principles of the organisms and not just the functions of different organs of organisms.

The term of physiology to comes from an ancient Greek word that is ‘physio’, which means life and logos in Greek means science. In physiology science, a system or a group of organs is described which is achieving a particular function in the body. For instance, a cardiovascular system includes a heart and other blood vessels.

Physiology is the study of different systems of an organism like respiratory system, digestive system, renal system, endocrinology that the study of hormones, neuromuscular system, and many others, all this falls under the study of physiology. Glycolysis is a process that requires ATP and ATP is a source of energy that we get from the oxidation of glucose. Therefore, the biochemical functions of physiological functions are represented by glycolysis.

Main Differences Between Morphology and Physiology

  1. The main difference between morphology and physiology is that morphology is the study of structures and shapes of living organisms, while physiology is the study of functions of organs and their different functions.
  2. Morphology is classified as molecular and gross, while physiology is classified as systematic.
  3. There is no chemical reaction involved in morphology, but in physiology, there are some chemical reactions in physiology.
  4. There are no physical principles in the study of morphology, while physiology includes physical principles and is run on them sometimes.
  5. Evaluation DNA takes place in morphology, but there is no DNA evaluation in physiology.

Conclusion

The conclusion of this study is that both morphology and physiology are two different studies of biology. Both of them have separate thesis and separate ways of understandings.

In biology, there are several different branches. One is morphology, which is the study of organisms externally and internally with the study of their functioning. The word morphology is derived from the ancient Greek language, ‘morph’, which means form. Physiology is another branch of biology that is the study of the functioning of body parts. This can be either independently or in association with another.

References

  1. https://books.google.com/books?hl=en&lr=&id=bolGMMyZVjMC&oi=fnd&pg=PT5&dq=what+is+morphology&ots=6FwQLw61jj&sig=CVEhU68lLCYUs71g7IGdDBHtBDQ
  2. https://www.uvic.ca/engineering/ece/assets/docs/current/undergraduate/202005/bme201.pdf

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