There are a few types of companies when a person wishes to incorporate one. Two such companies are multinational and transnational. Both these companies are operated worldwide.
Some scholars say that multinational and transnational companies are very similar and can be used in place of each other. But this is not entirely true since they have some differences.
- Multinational companies have a presence in multiple countries but maintain a centralized management structure, while transnational companies have a decentralized management structure with operations in numerous countries.
- Multinational companies may adapt their products and services to local markets, while transnational companies may develop new products and services for different markets.
- Multinational companies may prioritize profit over social responsibility, while transnational companies may focus more on corporate social responsibility.
Multinational vs Transnational
Multinational corporations have operations in multiple countries and a centralized management structure where decisions about strategy, finance, and operations are made at the headquarters. A transnational corporation is a company that operates in multiple countries and has a decentralized management structure. This means that decision-making is shared among the company’s different subsidiaries.
In the word multinational, multi means many, and national means state. So initially, it means many states. This defines that companies that simultaneously handle their business in more than one country are known as multinational companies.
In a transnational company, one business starts with one name and then expands into other countries. Still, they do not have any significant company which would keep track and hold of it.
|Parameters of Comparison
|In a Multinational company, there exists a significant company.
|In a transnational company, there is no existence of the significant company.
|There is a centralized system of management that is followed in a multinational company.
|There is no centralized system of management that is followed in a transnational company.
|Multinational companies may undergo some barriers regarding decisions to be made for their company.
|Transnational companies are free to make decisions as per their operating company needs.
|A multinational company has many subsidiary companies under it.
|A transnational company does not have any subsidiary company under it.
|In a multinational company, the work is carried out for all the companies.
|In a transnational company, working is only for that specific operating country.
What is Multinational?
In the word multinational, multi means many, and national means state. Companies that simultaneously handle their business in multiple countries are known as international companies.
A company becomes a multinational company when it Operates in any country and later expands the company to many other countries.
A centralized management system means that the leading company makes all the critical decisions regarding the functioning of all the companies under that name.
What is Transnational?
In a transportation company, one company starts its business with one name, and then this company would also get expanded in other countries. Still, they do not have any significant company which would keep track and hold of it.
Therefore they act as all different companies, and the decisions taken regarding the functioning of every transnational company are taken according to the objective of that specific company and not all the companies as a whole.
It is also observed that the company operated under a transnational company isn’t loyal when it comes to maintaining and carrying the same type and amount of budget as the leading company.
Main Differences Between Multinational and Transnational
- A multinational company has many subsidiary companies; conversely, a transnational company has no subsidiary companies.
- In a multinational company, the work is carried out for all the companies. On the other hand, in a transnational company, the work is carried out for that specific operating country only.
Last Updated : 11 June, 2023
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Chara Yadav holds MBA in Finance. Her goal is to simplify finance-related topics. She has worked in finance for about 25 years. She has held multiple finance and banking classes for business schools and communities. Read more at her bio page.